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46 terms

MS Health Review

DSISD 2011-2012
STUDY
PLAY
Testes
produce testosterone
menopause
when women stop menstruating
around 50
infectious disease
spread by food, water, environment, animals
any disease caused by an agent that has invaded the body
bacteria
tiny, single-celled organisms
some can cause disease
virus
tiny disease-causing particle that consists of genetic material and a protein coat
Amebic dysentery
an inflammation of the intestine caused by an ameba
fungus
an organism that absorbs and uses nutrients of living or dead organisms
pathogen
any agent that causes disease
antibiotic
kills or slows growth of bacteria
white blood cells
blood cell whose primary job is to defend the body against disease
meningitis
inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord
antibiotic resistance
a condition in which bacteria can no longer be killed by a particular antibiotic
lymphatic system
a network of vessels that carry a clear fluid called lymph throughout the body
salmonellosis
caused by eating contaminated foods
bacterial infection of digestive system
hepatitis
inflammation of the liver
symptom
change a person notices in body or mind that is caused by a disease or disorder
inflammation
reaction to injury or infection that is characterized by pain, redness, and swelling
vaccine
substance prepared from weakened or killed pathogens introduced into a body to produce immunity
lifestyle disease
disease caused partly by unhealthy behaviors and partly by other factors
stroke
sudden attack of weakness or paralysis when blood flow to an area of the brain is affected
heart attack
the damage and loss of function in an area of the heart muscle
diabetic coma
a loss of consciousness that happens when there is too much blood sugar and a buildup of toxic substances in the blood
cancer
disease caused by uncontrolled cell growth
benign tumor
an abnormal but usually harmless cell mass
insulin
a hormone that causes cells to remove glucose from the bloodstream
atherosclerosis
disease characterized by the buildup of fatty materials on the inside walls of the arteries
smoking
controllable risk factor
high blood pressure
hypertension- when blood pressure is consistently over 150/90
malignant tumor
a mass of cells that invades and destroys healthy tissue
puberty
the period of human development during which people become able to produce children
hormones
a chemical substance made and released in one part of the body that causes a change in another part of the body
midlife crisis
the sense of uncertainty about one's identity and values that some people experience in the middle of their lives
young adulthood
21-35
many physical, emotional, and mental changes
choose to marry, have kids
financial independence
middle adulthood
35-65
midlife crisis
menopause
begin to accept death
emotional maturity
older adulthood
65+
retire from jobs
Alzheimer's disease
osteoporosis
thinning of the bones
Alzheimer's disease
disease in which a person gradually loses mental capacities and the ability to carry out daily activities
life expectancy
average length of time an individual is expected to live
diabetes (type one)
treated by insulin injections
cancer treatment
surgery, chemotherapy, radiation
controllable risk factors
smoking, diet, alcohol, exercise, weight
uncontrollable risk factors
age, ethnicity, heredity
benefits of marriage
emotional intimacy
companionship
financial stability
emotional stability
ADA
Americans with Disabilities Act
Tetanus
spread by contaminated soil
disability
physical or mental impairment that interferes with normal activities