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Chp. 27 Assisting Special Rescue Teams
Terms in this set (21)
a method of accounting for all personnel at an emergency incident and ensuring that only personnel w/ specific assignments are permitted to work w/in the various zones
provides training that gives first responders the ability to recognized a potential hazardous materials emergency to isolate the area and to call for assistance. Awareness level responders take protective actions
a safe area at a hazardous materials incident for those agencies involved in the operations. The incident commander post, EMS providers, and other support functions necessary to control the incident should be located in the cold zone. Also called the clean zone or support zone.
a space w/ limited or restricted access that is not meant for continuous occupancy, such as a manhole, well, or tank that contains, or has the potential to contain, a hazardous atmosphere
a condition in which a victim is trapped by debris, soil, or other material and is unable to extricate himself or herself
any materials or substances that pose an unreasonable risk of damage or injury to persons, property, or the environment if not properly controlled during handling, storage, manufacture, processing, packaging, use and disposal, or transportation
high angle operations
a rope rescue operations where the angle of the slope is greater than 45 degrees. In this scenario, rescuers depend on life safety rope rather than a fixed supper surface such as the ground
the area immediately surrounding a hazardous materials spill/incident site that is directly dangerous to life and health. All personnel working in the hot zone must wear complete, appropriate protective clothing and equipment. Entry requires approval by the incident commander or a designed sector officer. Complete backup, rescue, and decontamination teams must be in place at the perimeter before operations begin
lockout and tagout systems
methods of ensuring that electricity and other utilities have been shut down and switches are locked so that they cannot be switched on, so as to prevent flow of power or gases into the area where rescue is being conducted
low angle operations
a rope rescue operation on a mildly sloping surface (less than 45 degrees) or flat land. In this scenario, fire fighters depend on the ground for their primary support, and the rope system is a secondary means of support
provides training to recognize a potential hazardous materials incident, to isolate the incident, to deny entry to other responders and the public, and to take defensive actions such as shutting off valves and protecting drains w/o having contact w/ the product. Operations level responders act in a defensive fashion.
preparing the victim for movement as a unit , often accomplished w/ a long spine board or similar device
personal flotation device
also commonly known as a life felt; it allows the body to float in water.
signage required to be placed on all four sides of highway transport vehicles, railroad tank cars, and other forms of hazardous materials transportation that identifies the hazardous contents of the vehicle, using a standardized system 10 3/4 by 10 3/4 inched diamond shaped indicators
a collapse that occurs following the primary collapse. It can occur in trench, excavation, and structural collapses
a method of supporting a trench wall or building components such as walls, floors, or ceilings using either hydraulic, pneumatic, or wood shoring systems. It is used to prevent collapse.
technical rescue incident
a complex rescue incident involving vehicles or machinery, water or ice ,rope techniques, a trench or excavation collapse, confined spaces, a structural collapse, search and rescue operation, or hazardous materials, and which requires specially trained personnel and special equipment
technical rescue team
a group of rescuers specially trained in the various disciplines of technical rescue
provides truing that allows the responder to enter heavily contaminated areas using the highest levels of protection. tThis is the most aggressive level of training as identified in NFPA 472. Hazardous materials technicians take offensive actions
the area located between the hot zone and the cold zone at an incident. The decontamination corridor is looted in the warm zone.
wilderness search and rescue
the process of locating and removing a victim from the wilderness
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