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26 terms

History Alive Chapter Six

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Akkadian
a Mesopotamian empire that conquered Sumer from the North in 2300B.C.E
Babylonian
a thriving Mesopotamian empire under Hammurabi who united his people under a supreme god, Marduk,
Assyrian
a warlike empire who came into power after Hammurabi in 900B.C.E and was known for inventing weapons and war strategies.
Neo-Babylonian
a new Babylonian empire who restored Babylon to its former greatness.
empire
a large territory where several groups of people are ruled by a single powerful leader or government.
Sargon
A strong Akkadian king and general who created the world's first empire and passed his power on to his son.
capital
a city that is the center of government
tribute
wealth sent from one country or ruler to another as a sign that the other is superior.
Hammurabi
the king of Babylon who conquered the Akkadian Empire, invented a postal system and wrote a code of law.
Agade
the capital city during Akkadian rule
Babylon
the capital city during Babylonian rule
Hammurabi's code
a detailed set of laws that covered many situations. It was the first set of laws applied equally to everyone.
wages
money earned for doing work
cruelty
to treat something unfairly or harshly. The Assyrians were feared for this quality.
loom
a machine used for weaving wool into cloth
flourished
to grow stronger and thrive
battering ram
a powerful weapon with a wooden beam mounted on wheels used to break down doors and invented by the Assyrians.
siege
a military blockade and attack on a city to force it to surrender.
Nineveh
the capital city during life in the Assyrian Empire.
aqueduct
a pipe or channel that brings water from distant places.
bas-relief
a sculpture in which the image projects out from a flat surface (usually a wall).
Nebuchadrezzar
The Neo-Babylonians most famous king who was a ruthless military leader.
Hanging Gardens
This feature of Babylon were one of the wonders of the ancient world because the sight of trees and bushes in the desert was stunning.
astronomy
study of the stars, planets and the universe
sundial
a tool that uses the position of shadows cast by the sun to tell the time of day
achievement
something done successfully; something gained by working or trying hard

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