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Living with Art = Art Elements + Design Principles
Terms in this set (49)
Also known as tertiary colors. Colors made by mixing a primary color with a secondary color adjacent to it on the color wheel (for example, yellow and orange).
system for portraying the visual impression of three-dimensional space and objects in it on a two-dimensional surface.
Lines we draw to record the boundaries of 3D objects
two-dimensional area/thing that has identifiable boundaries
Created by lines, color or value changes, or some combination of these.
Three dimensional form, often implying bulk, density, and weight
The shape we detach and focus on
The surrounding visual information that the figure stands out from. The information that is perceived as secondary in a two-dimensional image.
_____ Shapes are ones that we perceive as figures. In two-dimensional images, the relationship between a shape that we perceive as dominant (the figure) and the background shape that we perceive it against (the ground).
The shapes of the ground
Shape into three dimensions
Shades of light and dark. Created by smoothing away the burrs in varying degrees (smoothing the plate altogether creates a nonprinting area, or white). Also, the resultant print.
In drawing or painting, the _______ is the treatment and use of light and dark.
Areas of closely spaced parallel lines that cause shading
_____-_____ is when many different lines go in different ways to form shading
Using many dots in order to shade
Broken up light
Standard colors arranged in a circle. A circular arrangement of hues used to illustrate a particular color theory or system. The most well-known color wheel uses the spectral hues of the rainbow plus the intermediary hue of red-violet.
The colors on the color wheel that are red, yellow, and blue
Orange, green, violet. Hue created by combining two primary colors, as yellow and blue mixed together yield green.
Product of primary and secondary colors
Brighter colors that represent the sun or fire
Darker colors. Blue-green colors. Colors ranged along the blue curve of the color wheel, from green through violet.
Wooden board on which artist traditionally set out their pigments
Name of a color according to the categories of the color wheel - green or red.
The relative lightness or darkness of a hue, or of a neutral varying from white to black.
color lighter than a hue's normal value. Pink is a ___ of red.
A color darker than a hue's normal value. Maroon is a _____ of red.
The relative purity or brightness of a color. Also called Chroma or saturation.
See intensity. Relative purity or brightness of a color. Also called saturation.
Having only one color. Descriptive of work in which one hue—perhaps with variations of value and intensity—predominates.
Hues that intensify each other when juxtaposed and dull each other when mixed (as pigment). On a color wheel, _________ hues are situated directly opposite each other.
collocation of hues that contain the same color in differing proportions, such as red-violet, pink, and yellow-orange, all of which contain red.
color scheme based in three hues equidistant from one another on the color wheel, such as yellow-orange, blue-green, and red-violet.
palette that is imited to a few colors and their mixtures, tints, and shades.
palette is one in which all colors are permitted
The perceptual phenomenon where by complementary colors appear most brilliant when set side by side.
optical color mixture
The tendency of the eyes to blend patches of individual colors placed near one another so as to perceive a different, combined color.
EX: pointillism of Georges Seurat.
quasi-scientific painting technique of the late 19th century, developed and promulgated by Georges Seurat and his followers, in which pure colors were applied in regular, small touches (points) that blended through optical color mixture when viewed at a certain distance.
Literal surface of a painting imagined as window, so that objects depicted in depth are seen as behind or receding in the ____ ____, and objects in the extreme foreground are seen as up against the ___ ____
EX: Favorite trick of trompe-l'oeil painters is to paint an object that seems to be projecting forward from the picture plane into the viewer's space.
_____ _____ is the point on the horizon where parallel lines appear to converge.
Having to do with motion. ___-- art incorporates (rather than depicts) real or apparent movement. Broadly defined, _____ art may include film, video, and Performance art. However, the term is most often applied to sculpture that is set in motion by motors or air currents.
Image that persists after the visual stimulus that first produced it has ceased. The mechanics of vision cause an _____ to appear in the complementary hue of the original stimulus.
See intensity. The relative purity or brightness of a color. Also called Chroma
The organization of lines, shapes, colors, and other art elements in a work of art. More often applied to two-dimensional art
Organization of visual elements in a work of art. In two-dimensional art, often referred to as composition.
____ _____ is the apparent "heaviness" or "lightness" of the forms arranged in a composition, as gauged by how insistently they draw the viewer's eye.
_____ is the size in relation to a standard or normal size. Used to measure different sizes
________ refers to size relationships between parts of a whole, or between two or more items perceived as a unit.
The representation of more important figures as larger than less important figures, as when a king is portrayed on a larger scale than his attendants.
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