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basic unit of DNA; phosphate group + pentose + sugar (deoxyribose) + nitrogenous base (A, T, G, C)
64 possible in H. Sapiens. A triplet of bases in Messenger RNA (mRNA) during protein production
a triplet of bases in Transfer RNA (tRNA) that recognizes a codon triplet and creates a specific amino acid during protein production
instructions are turned into proteins at the ribosome; mRNA with codon and tRNA with anti-codon
a way to figure out an unknown genotype by choosing the organism with a known genotype, namely one that is HOMOZYGOUS RECESSIVE (aa)
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