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Final Exam 2012 - US History Civil Rights Movement; Kennedy & Johnson Years Set 1
African American famous for breaking into major league baseball
How long did the Montgomery bus boycott last?
more than a year
In return for the desegregation of interstate transportation,
the Kennedy administration agreed not to stop the arrest of Mississippi activists.
Why did Martin Luther King target Birmingham, Alabama for a civil rights campaign?
because it was considered the most segregated city in the South
two specific activities are protected from discrimination in Civil Rights Act of 1964
voting and employment
What were Jim Crow laws?
They were laws that enforced the strict separation of the races.
The members of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) believed
that direct, nonviolent methods could gain civil rights for African Americans.
Which civil rights organization won a number of important court cases against segregation in the 1950s?
In a ruling known as Brown II, the Supreme Court
ordered the immediate implementation of Brown v. Board of Education.
To which city did President Eisenhower send federal troops to protect African American students?
In response to riots over desegregation the University of Mississippi, President Kennedy declared that
Americans were free to disagree with the law but not to disobey it.
Why were many Americans surprised when President Johnson supported civil rights?
He was a Southerner with an undistinguished record on racial matters.
At what school was there major rioting over James Meredith's enrollment?
the University of Mississippi
How did T. Eugene Connor react to civil rights marchers in Birmingham, Alabama?
He ordered the use of police dogs and fire hoses against the marchers.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 forbids discrimination in employment on the basis of
The first of the confrontations on the Edmund Pettus Bridge during the march on Selma became known as
Following the issuance of the Kerner Commission's findings, a number of conservative commentators
argued against expanding federal spending for minorities