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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. LIVER
  2. jejunum (part of small intestine)
  3. stomach
  4. pancreas
  5. esophagus
  1. a -muscular tube which leads to stomach
    -a valve (esophageal sphincter) separates it from stomach
  2. b has muscular wall lined w/ mucus -> contains gastric enzymes and acid (pH 1) for breaking down food
  3. c -important for metabolism.
    -involved in production & breakdown of proteins
    -produces & breaks down glycogen and toxins
    -bile is secreted
  4. d villi absorbs amino acids, sugars, fatty acids, & glycerol so that what is passed onto the large intestine is a thin, watery substance almost devoid of nutrients
  5. e -endocrine (secreted directly to blood) & exocrine (secretions carried to specific locations) gland
    -produces insulin

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. building block of kidney
  2. 1. proteins digeted
    2. amino acids carried in blood to body cells
    3. cells convert amino groupps to ammonia. carried in blood to liver
    4. liver converts ammonia to urea (less toxic)
    5. urea carried in blood to kidneys
    6. kidney nephrons filter urea into urine
  3. site storage of urine
  4. site in nephron where filtration occurs
    -involves active transport to eliminate urea while reabsorbing glucose, Na+, water
  5. -majority of digestion & nutrient absorption takes place
    -surface is covered w/ villi which increase SA for nutrient absorption

5 True/False questions

  1. large intestine (colon)-enzymes that break down protein
    -present in saliva & gastric secretions


  2. ureterstubes which transport urine from kidneys to bladder


  3. duodenum (part of small intestine)separated from stomach by duodenal sphincter., ultimate destruction of food digestion reaches completion


  4. salibary glands- saliva starts digestive process & acts as a lubricant.
    -largest of the 3 salivary glands are the parotid glands


  5. excretory systemtubes which transport urine from kidneys to bladder