62 terms

Second Semester Exam

ICC (Interstate Commerce Commission)
a federal regulatory agency that governed over the rules and regulations of the railroading industry.
FTC (Federal Trade Commission)
protects consumers from misleading and fraudulent advertising. Reviews advertising claims. Can order a company to change their ad
NAACP (National Association of the Advancement of Colored People)
organization that worked to find employment and to secure civil rights for African Americans
RFC (Reconstruction Finance Corporation)
loaned money to banks, insurance companies, and railroads so that they would stay in business
FEPC (Fair Employment Practices Committee)
investigated charges of discrimination in army or work places
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
EPA (Environmental Protection Agency)
established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment
OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration)
a government agency in the Department of Labor to maintain a safe and healthy work environment
SDS (Students for a Democratic Society)
a student organization that opposed the war in vietnam and held marches
SDI (Strategic Defense Initiative)
Reagan's plan that attempted to create a defensive shield, reducing the threat of MAD; nicknamed "star wars"
INF (Intermediate Nuclear Force)
both superpowers agreed to get rid of their stockpiles of missiles and allowed each other to inspect the other side to prevent cheating
NOW (National Organization for Women)
organization that wanted Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) to enforce its legal mandate to end sex discrimination
ERA (Equal Rights Amendment)
promised equal treatment for men and women in all areas
HUAC (House of Un-American Activities Committee)
a congressional Committee that investigated Commmunist influence inside and outside the US gov. after WWII
NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement)
allows open trade with US, Mexico, and Canada
SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty)
negotiations between the US and Soviet Union; designed to limit both countries' stock of nuclear weapons
AAA (Agricultural Adjustment Act)
attempted to regulate agricultural production through farm subsidies; ruled unconstitutional in 1936; disbanded after World War II
TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority)
relief, recover, and reform; one of the most important acts that built a hyro-electric dam for a needed area
NRA (National Recovery Administration)
a powerful lobby that advocates the right to own and bear arms and rejects any gun regulation by the government
WPA (Works Progress Administration)
massive work relief program funded projects ranging from construction to acting; disbanded by FDR during WWII
CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps)
relief that provided work for young men 18-25 years old in food control, planting, flood work, etc.
SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission)
an independent federal agency that oversees the exchange of securities to protect investors
FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation)
a federally sponsored corporation that insures accounts in national banks and other qualified institutions
16th Amendment
authorized federal income tax
17th Amendment
provided for the direct election of Senators by the people
18th Amendment
prohibited sale and production of intoxication liquors
19th Amendment
gave women the right to vote
20th Amendment
reduce the amount of time between the election of the President and Congress and the beginning of their terms
21st Amendment
ended the Prohibition of alcohol in the US, repealed the 18th amendment
22nd Amendment
limits the president to two terms
23rd Amendment
gave residents of Washington DC the right to vote
24th Amendment
outlawed the poll tax
25th Amendment
presidential succession, vice presidential vacancy, and presidential disability
26th Amendment
lowered the voting age from 21 to 18
27th Amendment
regulates pay (raises for members of Congress)
Mary E. Lease
lecturer, writer, and political activist; advocate of the suffrage movement as well as temperance but she was best known for her work with the Populist party.
Margaret Sanger
founder of birth control
Dorothea Lange
photographed migrant farm workers during the Great Depression; inspired government aid programs and Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath
Ethel Rosenberg
convicted and executed in 1953 for passing atomic secrets to the Soviet Union; records opened after the end of the Cold War suggest her husband was guilty, but she didn't have anything to do with it
Lucille Ball
Actress and TV star of the comedy series, "I Love Lucy"
Rosa Parks
civil rights worker whose arrest in 1955 touched off the Montgomery bus boycott
Rachel Carson
marine biologist, author of Silent Spring ->inspired concern for the environment
Betty Friedan
feminist author; critized limited roles for women in her 1963 book The Feminine Mystique
Gloria Steinem
journalist, women's rights leader since 1960s; founded Ms. Magazine in 1972 to cover women's issues
Phyllis Schlafly
conservative activist; led campaign during the 1870s and 1980s to block the Equal Rights Amendment
Sandra Day O'Connor
first women Supreme Court Justice; appointed by President Reagan in 1981
writer of The Jungle->argued for social reform
Langston Hughes
writer active during the Harlem Renaissance
Louis Armstrong
jazz musician famous for his long trumpet solos and "scat" singing
F. Scott Fitzgerald
novelist who depicted the US and the world during the 1920s in novels such as The Great Gatsby
Woodrow Wilson Guthrie
one of the muscians most closely associated with the plight of American workers during the great depression; began his career as a hillbilly singer
M Anderson
Walt Disney
United States film maker who pioneered animated cartoons and created such characters as Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck
Elvis Presley
an American singer, actor, and musician who was cultural icon; known as "the King of Rock 'n' Roll"; one of the most influential artists in music's history
Ralph Nader
consumer advocate; published Unsafe at Any Speed in 1965, criticizing auto safety and inspiring new safety laws; Green Party candidate for president in the 2000 election
Bruce Springsteen
his lyrics lamented the disappearance of the white working class, became the decade's most popular new rock artist
Plessy v. Ferguson
supreme court ruled that segregation public places facilities were legal as long as the facilites were equal
Brown v. Board of Education
court found that segregation was a violation of the Equal Protection clause "separate but equal" has no place
Swann v. Mecklenburg County Board of Education
important US Supreme Court case dealing with the busing of students to promote integration in public schools
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
1978 state university couldn't admit less qualified individuals solely based on race; no quotas
Roe v. Wade
1973 Supreme Court case that legalized abortion