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ICC (Interstate Commerce Commission)
a federal regulatory agency that governed over the rules and regulations of the railroading industry.
FTC (Federal Trade Commission)
protects consumers from misleading and fraudulent advertising. Reviews advertising claims. Can order a company to change their ad
NAACP (National Association of the Advancement of Colored People)
organization that worked to find employment and to secure civil rights for African Americans
RFC (Reconstruction Finance Corporation)
loaned money to banks, insurance companies, and railroads so that they would stay in business
FEPC (Fair Employment Practices Committee)
investigated charges of discrimination in army or work places
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
EPA (Environmental Protection Agency)
established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment
OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration)
a government agency in the Department of Labor to maintain a safe and healthy work environment
SDS (Students for a Democratic Society)
a student organization that opposed the war in vietnam and held marches
SDI (Strategic Defense Initiative)
Reagan's plan that attempted to create a defensive shield, reducing the threat of MAD; nicknamed "star wars"
INF (Intermediate Nuclear Force)
both superpowers agreed to get rid of their stockpiles of missiles and allowed each other to inspect the other side to prevent cheating
NOW (National Organization for Women)
organization that wanted Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) to enforce its legal mandate to end sex discrimination
HUAC (House of Un-American Activities Committee)
a congressional Committee that investigated Commmunist influence inside and outside the US gov. after WWII
SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty)
negotiations between the US and Soviet Union; designed to limit both countries' stock of nuclear weapons
AAA (Agricultural Adjustment Act)
attempted to regulate agricultural production through farm subsidies; ruled unconstitutional in 1936; disbanded after World War II
TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority)
relief, recover, and reform; one of the most important acts that built a hyro-electric dam for a needed area
NRA (National Recovery Administration)
a powerful lobby that advocates the right to own and bear arms and rejects any gun regulation by the government
WPA (Works Progress Administration)
massive work relief program funded projects ranging from construction to acting; disbanded by FDR during WWII
CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps)
relief that provided work for young men 18-25 years old in food control, planting, flood work, etc.
SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission)
an independent federal agency that oversees the exchange of securities to protect investors
FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation)
a federally sponsored corporation that insures accounts in national banks and other qualified institutions
reduce the amount of time between the election of the President and Congress and the beginning of their terms
Mary E. Lease
lecturer, writer, and political activist; advocate of the suffrage movement as well as temperance but she was best known for her work with the Populist party.
photographed migrant farm workers during the Great Depression; inspired government aid programs and Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath
convicted and executed in 1953 for passing atomic secrets to the Soviet Union; records opened after the end of the Cold War suggest her husband was guilty, but she didn't have anything to do with it
feminist author; critized limited roles for women in her 1963 book The Feminine Mystique
journalist, women's rights leader since 1960s; founded Ms. Magazine in 1972 to cover women's issues
conservative activist; led campaign during the 1870s and 1980s to block the Equal Rights Amendment
F. Scott Fitzgerald
novelist who depicted the US and the world during the 1920s in novels such as The Great Gatsby
Woodrow Wilson Guthrie
one of the muscians most closely associated with the plight of American workers during the great depression; began his career as a hillbilly singer
United States film maker who pioneered animated cartoons and created such characters as Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck
an American singer, actor, and musician who was cultural icon; known as "the King of Rock 'n' Roll"; one of the most influential artists in music's history
consumer advocate; published Unsafe at Any Speed in 1965, criticizing auto safety and inspiring new safety laws; Green Party candidate for president in the 2000 election
his lyrics lamented the disappearance of the white working class, became the decade's most popular new rock artist
Plessy v. Ferguson
supreme court ruled that segregation public places facilities were legal as long as the facilites were equal
Brown v. Board of Education
court found that segregation was a violation of the Equal Protection clause "separate but equal" has no place
Swann v. Mecklenburg County Board of Education
important US Supreme Court case dealing with the busing of students to promote integration in public schools
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
1978 state university couldn't admit less qualified individuals solely based on race; no quotas
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