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25 terms

History Final ch. 7

STUDY
PLAY
Armada
fleet of spanish warships
Elizabeth Tudor
supreme governor of church and state; balanced power
England and France
had most power
French wars of religion
Caths. vs. Protestants
Huguenots
french protestants influenced by Calvin
Ultra Catholics
against Huguenots
Henry of Navarre
protestant; converted to Cath.
Edicts of Nantes
catholicism was official relig. of france
huguenots- right to worship and have public office
Inflation
rising prices
population
went up, leveled, and declined
due to warfare, plague, and famine
Peace of Westphalia
ends 30 years wars; gives sweden, france, and their allies new territories
Thirty years war
Caths. vs. Protestants
Hapsburg family leads Caths.
power struggle
King vs. Parliament
civil war
cavaliers(supported the King) vs. Roundheads(supported Parliament)
Cromwell
military genius
independents
extreme puritans, believed they were doing battle for God
Commonwealth
type of republic
William of Orange
invited people to invade England
toleraton act
parliament had no power
Absolutism
system where ruler holds total power
Cardinal Richelieu
louis 8th chief minister, strengthened monarchies power, set up network of spies
Louis 14th
sunking; lived at Versailles (personal home, chief offices of state, powerful subjects came for favors and offices)
1750
sunking dies
Hobbes
wrote Leviathan(political thought)
Locke
wrote Two Treatises of Government
rights to life, liberty, and property