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45 terms

Ancient Indian Civilizations

Chapter 3
STUDY
PLAY
Indo-Aryan religious text
Vedas
Mark the seasons on the Indian subcontinent
Monsoons
Part of a code of ethics in Buddhism
Four Noble Truths
Unity of God and creation
Monism
Social class system
caste system
Fierce ruler who became a Buddhist
Asoka
Level of perfect peace
Nirvana
Epic poem
Bhagavad Gita
Ancient Indus River valley city
Harappa
Powerful priests
Brahmins
Ancient Indus River valley cities based their protection around
Citadels
The ultimate goal of Hindus was to
reach Nirvana
Right Action is
part of the Eightfold Path
Indian physicians saved lives through the use of
inoculation
The Indian subcontinent is separated from the rest of Asia by the
Khyber Pass
Pariahs were
outside the caste system
More people became Buddhists after
Asoka's conversion
The Buddha taught that the way to salvation was
a life of selflessness
Stupas were
temples that housed objects associated with Buddha
Chandragupta Maurya ruled by
establishing a rigid bureaucracy
The teachings of the Upanishads were passed along in the form of
Epics
Mahayana Buddhists viewed the Buddha as a(n)
savior
Siddhartha Gautama became known as
the Buddha
One reason the Guptas lost power was because they
let local leaders become too powerful
During the Vedic Age, the military leader, lawmaker, and judge of a settlement was the
raja
The Indo-Aryan people's effect on southern India was
Minimal
Why did the Indo-Aryan people have little effect on southern India
It was geographically isolated from the rest of India
The time when the Indo-Aryans came to norther India is known as the
Vedic Age
Why did the Indo-Aryans come to India?
The were attracted by fertile lands
The thinkers of the Vedanta
questioned the powers of the Brahmins
How did the thinkers of the Vedanta pass on their teachings?
Through the Upanishads
Asoka's policies included
religious tolerance
How did Asoka express his views in his kingdom?
He had them carved on pillars placed in public places
Like the Hindus, Buddha also taught a belief in
reincarnation
How did Buddha's teachings differ from the Hindu's teachings?
Buddha taught that all could achieve nirvana
Siva the Destroyer is
a form of Brahman
Why is Hinduism not polytheistic?
because all forms of Brahman are part of one force - Brahman
India's rainy season occurs because of
the southwest monsoon
What are the temperatures like in India?
Mild to very hot
The most powerful people in the Indo-Aryan community were the
Brahmins
How did the Brahmins gain power?
They knew how to perform the religious ceremonies
During the Gupta period, women began to practice suttee, or
burning themselves along with their dead husbands
What does the practice of suttee say about the status of women in India?
Little value was placed on the lives of women
Atman is the
Individual essence of the Self
How does Atman relate to monism?
Monism is the unity of all things in one. Therefore, Atman (Self) is part of god