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255 terms

Wordly Wise Book 10 Lesson 1-17

STUDY
PLAY
adjudicate
to hear and decide judicially; to judge.
centennial
A one-hundredth anniverary or its celebration; of or pertaining to a period of one hundred years
countenance
a person's face; the expression on a person's face; support or approval; to support or approve' to tolerate
disgruntle
To make dissastisfied; to put in a bad mood
equilibrium
A state of balance
expedite
To speed up a process; to facilitate
gird
To encircle, bind, or surround.
gratuitous
not called for; unnecessary. Without charge; free
illusory
Unreal or imagined; deceiving
implacable
Incapable of being placated, soothed, or significantly changed; relentless.
luminary
A source of light, especially from the sky, such as the sun or moon; A person who is well known for her or his achievements; a celebrity
manifesto
A public statement explaining the intentions, motives, or views of an individual or group
mesmerize
To fascinate or hypnotize
precedent
An act or statement that may serve as an example or justification for a later one
spurious
Not genuine; false
aggregate
n. A group of things gathered in to a whole; sum total.
adj. Calculated by combining units or items.
allocate
v. 1. To set aside for a specific purpose; to allot.
2. To distribute according to a plan.
augur
v. 1. To predict future events, especially from omens.
2. To give promise of.
bastion
n. 1. A fortified area or position; a person, place, or thing that is a source of strength.
2. Something that is considered a stronghold.
decorum
n. Suitable, proper behavior or speech.
defunct
adj. No longer existing or functioning.
disarray
n. A lack of order; confusion.
halcyon
adj. Calm, peaceful, and happy; prosperous.
homily
n. A lecture, usually long, on how to behave morally.
hyperbole
n. Extravagant exaggeration.
importune
v. To plead for persistently.
jurisdiction
n. Legal authority to govern or control.
ruminate
v. To think over again and again to ponder.
temerity
n. Reckless boldness without regard to danger or opposition.
winnow
v. To separate and remove what is undesirable and leave what is desirable; to blow away the chaff from grain.
aura
n. A distinctive atmosphere or feeling that seems to surround someone or something; a distinctive appearance or impression.
banal
adj. Lacking freshness; trite.
bemuse
v. To confuse or bewilder.
cognizant
adj. Fully aware; taking notice.
conundrum
n. 1. A riddle whose answer is a play on words. 2. A puzzle or problem that is difficult or impossible to solve.
evanescent
adj. Short-lived; staying temporarily.
factotum
n. A helper or assistant with a wide range of duties and responsibilities.
grandiose
adj. 1. Impressive because of large size or scope. 2. characterized by the pretense of grandeur or absurd exaggeration.
induce
v. 1. To influence or persuade. 2. To bring about; to cause.
intransigent
adj. Refusing to compromise or change one's position on an issue.
laudatory
adj. Full of praise.
panache
n. Dash or flamboyance in style or action.
picayune
adj. Petty or insignificant; concerned with trifling matters.
predilection
n. An inclination; preference.
promontory
n. A high point of land that juts out into water.
asperity
Sharpness or harshness of manner; roughness of surface; unevenness
bane
A person or thing that destroys or causes harm; causing destruction or ruin
buffoon
A person who often attempts to be funny; a clown; a fool
doleful
Mournful of full of sorrow; causing grief
extrovert
A person whose attention is focused on other and on what is going on around her or him, rather than on her or his own feelings
garish
Excessively bright and flashy; tastelessly glaring
hierarchy
A group or system in which positions of power are ranked, usually from lowest to highest
imbue
To fill completely with a feeling or idea; to inspire
instigate
To stir up or urge on; to provoke
penchant
A strong attraction or leaning
rambunctious
Behaving in a wild and unruly manner
repertoire
The list of pieces an actor, musician, etc., is ready to perform; the skills or accomplishments of a person or group
rudiment
A basic principle or skill. An undeveloped or beginning stage
undermine
To weaken or ruin by degrees. To attack by indirect, secret, or underhanded means.
unremitting
Not stopping or slowing down; constant
accolade
an expression of approval or respect for special merit; an award
adamant
not yielding; firm
adulate
to flatter or admire excessively; to idolize
altercation
a loud and determined dispute; a noisy quarrel
annals
an historical record of events, often arranged in a yearly sequence
assiduous
diligent and persistent
chary
exercising caution; hesitant
clique
a small, exclusive group; a group held together by like interests or purpose
decrepit
worn-out with use; broken-down
endow
to provide with a quality, a thing, or a gift of money
ephemeral
lasting a very short time
ingratiate
to work to gain the favor of someone
pantheon
a group of people held in high esteem for their great achievements
perverse
turned away from what is right; wicked; stubbornly opposing what is right or reasonable; obstinate
tutelage
instruction, protection, or guardianship
abominate
v. To hate or loathe intensely. 2. Disagreeable and unpleasant.
abridge
v. To shorten in duration or extent; to diminish.
animosity
n. Intense ill will.
auspicious
adj. Favorable, promising.
beleaguer
v. I. To besiege; to surround with an army. 2. To surround with troubles; to harass.
confidant
n. A person to whom secrets are told.
constituent
n. 1. One of the parts that make up a whole. 2. A voter represented by a particular official.
iniquitous
adj. Unjust; wicked.
inure
v. to adjust to and accept unpleasant or undesirable conditions.
inveigh
v. (used with against) To complain or protest strongly.
predecessor
n. A person or thing that has held a position or office before another.
sabotage
n. Acts that intentionally damage, hinder, or seek to discredit. v. To engage in intentionally damaging acts.
sadistic
adj. Taking pleasure in causing pain.
scathing
adj. Harshly critical.
transpire
v. 1. To become apparent; to come to light. 2. To happen or occur.
Cautionary
adj. offering or serving as a warning.
Constrain
v. to confine, inhibit, or hold back by force or necessity. n. a restriction or limitation.
Flotilla
n. a fleet of boats or small ships.
Gossamer
n. thin, sheer fabric resembling gauze. adj. as light and delicate as a cobweb.
Ignominious
adj. marked by, deserving, or causing shame or disgrace.
Incur
v. to bring upon onself something undesirable, such as a debt.
Liquidate
v. to settle the affairs of a business; to convert into cash.
Magnate
n. an important, often wealthy, person prominent in a large industry or business.
Misnomer
n. a name that does not fit.
Onerous
adj. burdensome; oppressive.
Pandemonium
n. a state of place of great confusion or uproar.
Quixotic
adj. romantic and idealistic, but impractical.
Tenacious
adj. holding fast; persistent in adhering to something valued or habitual.
Vestige
n. a trace of something that once was present.
Zephyr
n. a light, gentle breeze.
aberration
a departure from the norm or what is considered right, natural, or normal, a flaw or defect. the failure of a mirror or lens to reproduce and image in focus
antiquated
grown old; out-of-date
celestial
of or to relating to the sky or heavens; heavenly
certitude
the state of being certain of the truth or rightness of something
disburse
to distribute something or pay out money, espically from a public or other fund
galaxy
a vast cluster of stars; a group of brilliant or notable people
intractable
hard to manage, tame, or control; stubborn; not easily cured
juncture
a joining together; the point at which two things are joined; a point in time made criticl by the timing of the circumstances
juxtapose
to place side by side
maelstrom
a large and violent whirlpool or something resembling a whirlpool; a place or state of great turmoil or confusion
optimum
best or most favorable
pillory
to expose to public scorn or contempt
proliferate
to grow, expand or multiply at a rapid rate
remiss
negligent; careless; lax
titanic
marked by great strength, size, or influence
Attest
v. To declare or be evidence of something as true, genuine, or accurate.
Axiom
n. A statement or principle that requires no proof because its truth is obvious.
Churlish
adj. Lacking good manners; rude, impolite.
Concoct
v. To make up, prepare, or invent.
Derivative
n. Something that grows out of or results from an earliear form or condition OR adj. Based on what has gone before; lacking originality.
Differentiate
v. 1. To see the difference; to distinguish. 2. To be or make different.
Disparage
v. To criticize in a negative, disrespectful manner.
Dissipate
v. 1. To break up and spread out so thinly as to disappear; to scatter or be scattered. 2. To spend or use foolishly.
Esoteric
adj. Not generally known or understood; familiar to only a relatively small number of people.
Olfactory
adj. Relating to the sense of smell.
Plethora
n. Too great a number; an excess.
Refurbish
v. To make like new; to renovate.
Secrete
v. 1. To produce and give off. 2. To place so as to be hidden from view; to conceal.
Vagary
n. (usually plural) A departure from the normal, expected course; a whim or unpredictable action.
Volatile
adj. 1. Evaporating quickly. 2. Changing readily; explosive; unpredictable.
adjunct
something or someone joined or added to something else but not essentially a part of it
belie
to give a false impression of, to contradict
carnage
great destrcution of life; slaughter
dilemma
a problem that seems to have no satisfactory solution; a difficult choice
diverse
differing from one anotehr; having various or distinct parts
eradicate
to get rid of; to uproot
flout
to ignore in a disrespectful or scornful way
foment
to stir up; to rouse; to instigate
insurrection
an open revolt against legal authory; a rebellion
mandatory
ordered by an authority; required
mitigate
make or become less serious or severe; to ameliorate
pretext
an effort to conceal the real intention or state of affairs; an excuse
singular
denoting a single person or thing, contrasted to more than one.
somnolent
tending to cause sleepiness; drowsy
stalwart
strong, sturdy; firm, resolute
Aftermath
a consequence or result, often a negative one.
Aphorism
A short statement of truth or principle; an adage.
catharsis
a releasing of the emtions; often though the arts; that brings about spiritual renewal or a relieving of tension
cohort
a group that is moving or working together (2) one who assits another, especially in a dubious or criminal activity; an accomplice
culpable
deserving blame or censure
diabolical
devilish; wicked or evil
enormity
the state or quality of being monstrous or outrageous
gibe
To utter taunting, sarcastic words; A taunting, scornful remark.
innocuous
harmless; unlikely to offend
necessitate
to require; to make necessary
odyssey
a long, adventurous journey
partisan
1. A strong supporter or advocate. 2. An armed' fighter opposed to an occupying army. 3. Strongly biased in favor of a particular party, cause, or position.
posterity
a person's decendants; future generations
premeditated
fully planned beforehand; deliberate
scurrilous
vulgar; coarsely abusive
Agrarian
adj. Having to do with farming or agriculture.
Burgeon
v. To grow and expand rapidly; to flourish.
Cataclysm
n. A sudden violent change; a catastrophe.
Culinary
adj. Having to do with cooking.
Denigrate
v. To attack the reputation of; to criticize in a derogatory manner.
Gourmet
n. A person who likes fine food and is a good judge of its quality.
Graniloquent
adj. Using lofty or pompous speech or expression.
Hybrid
n. The offspring of two animals or plants of diiferent species or varieties.
Manifold
adj. Having many different kinds, forms, or parts.
Palatable
adj. Acceptable or pleasing, especially to the sense of taste.
Panacea
something that i supposed to cure all ills or difficulties; a cure all.
Plebeian
adj. Of or pertaining to the common people; common; unrefined.
Scourge
n. Something that causes great pain and suffering; a social evil.
Stalemate
n. A halt in a struggle because both sides are equally strong and neither side will give in; a deadlock.
Temperate
adj. Mild, moderate; restrain.
Adjacent
adj. Near or next to; avoiding.
Beset
v. To surround or to attack repeartedly.
Cede
v. To give up or transfer, especially by treaty or formal agreement.
Circuitous
adj. Roundabout; Indirect.
Desultory
adj. Proceeding or carried out in an aimless or random way.
Galvanize
v. To excite or arouse action.
Implement
n. A tool or instrument.
Inconseqential
adj. Lacking importance or worth; unable to make an impact; trivial.
Magnitude
n. Greatness of size, power, or influence.
Materialize
v. To become real or actual.
Muster
n. A gathering, usually of military forces.
Prohibitive
adj. Serving to restrain action or discourage use of.
Reminisce
v. To think or talk about one's past.
Vanguard
n. The leading or forward position in a movement.
Visionary
n. A person who is given to ideas that are not currently realistic; a dreamer.
Castigate
v. To punish by criticizing sharply; to berate.
Colloquial
adj. Characterized by informal language
Epitaph
n. The words carved on a tombstone in memory of the deceased.
Exodus
n. A mass departure.
Inter
v. To put in a grave; to bury.
Lacerate
v. To tear or cut roughly.
Largesse
n. The act of giving generously; gifts.
Obituary
n. A notice of someone's death, such as in a newspaper, usually with a brief summary of that person's life.
Omnivorous
adj. Eating all kinds of food, including both animal and vegetable food.
Permeate
v. To spread throughout; to pass through.
Rendition
n. An interpretation or tanslation; a performance.
Resurgence
n. A rising again to life, use, acceptance, or prominence; a revival.
Stereotype
n. A generalization that is used to characterize a person without acknowledging individual.
Stipend
n. A regular and fixed amount of pay for work done or to help cover living or work expenses.
Subservient
adj. Serving or action in a subordinate manner; servile.
Curtail
To cut short or reduce.
Discriminate
To make clear distinctions/ treating one group more or less favorably.
Espionage
The act of spying.
Inalienable
Not able to be taken away.
Incarcerate
To put in prison.
Indignity
An insult to one's pride.
Indiscriminate
Not marked by careful distinctions/haphazard.
Infamous
Famous for a negative reason.
Intercede
To act on another's behalf/to try to settle differnces between two parties.
Malign
To say negative and unfair things about.
Perpetrate
To commit, as a crime or other antisocial act.
Rampant
Wild and unrestrained/widespread.
Rancor
Long-held feelings of hatred or bitterness.
Reparation
A mending or repair/ making up or payment for wrongs done.
Smattering
A small amount.
Ameliorate
To make better; to become better; to improve.
Baleful
Expressing hatred or evil; harmful, ominous.
Berate
To criticize vigorously; to scold vehemently.
Circumvent
To avoid through craftiness.
Compunction
A feeling of uneasiness or anxiety caused by guilt.
Condone
To overlook or accept without punishment; to pardon or excuse.
Diminutive
Very small; tiny.
Euphemism
A polite term used to avoid directly naming something considered offensive or unpleasant.
Expendable
Able to be used up and then descarded or replaced.
Heresy
The expression of shocking or unacceptable views.
Infirmity
Physical or mental weakness or defect.
Profane
To treat with scorn or irreverence.
Recompense
To pay or compensate.
Repast
Food and drink; a meal.
Servitude
A lack of freesom; forced labor.
Acrimony
n. Bitterness or sharpness of temper, manner, or speech; hostility.
Affinity
n. Attraction for someone or something with which one feels a closeness or kinship.
Ambivalent
adj. Having mixed, often opposing, feelings about something or someone, indecisive.
Cessation
n. A stopping, either final or temporary.
Emaciated
adj. Very thin or wasted away, especially from lack of nourishment, scrawny.
Enclave
n. A distinct region or community enclosed within a larger territory.
Engender
v. To bring into being, to produce.
Exacerbate
v. To make more severe, bitter, or violent.
Illicit
adj. Not allowed, improper, or unlawful.
Indigenous
adj. Naturally living or growing in a certain area; native.
Inexorable
adj. not to be persuaded, stopped, or moved by entreaty or plea; relentless.
Infactuated
adj. Filled with excessive, shallow, or foolish love or desire.
Insatiable
adj. Never satisfied; greedy.
Poigant
adj. Painfully moving, Affecting, or touching.
Proselytize
v. To convert someone to a faith, belief, or cause.