Reconstruction and Daily Life
Terms in this set (15)
Schools started by the Freedmen's Bureau, Northern missionary groups, and African American organizations. Children and Adults flocked here to educate themselves, newly freed blacks.
Under this system, a worker rented a plot of land to farm. The landowner provided tools, seed, housing, Sharecropper gave the landowner a share of the crop,gave them a place to farm/gave landowners cheap labor
Ku Klux Klan
A secret group that's goals wre to restore Democratic control of the South and keep former slaves powerless. (Planters, former Confederate soldiers mainly)
Killing victims on the spot without a trial as punishment for a supposed crime.
1. Why did many newly freed African Americans leave plantations?
No longer needing passes to travel, they journeyed throughout the region ; Wanted to return to their birthplace, look for economic opportuinity in the North and West, some moved just cause.
2. How did freedom allow African Americans to strengthen family ties?
Former slaves could marry legally, raise families without fearing that their children might be sold, some adopted children of dead relatives and friends to keep family ties strong. People were reunited.
3. Why was education an important goal for African Americans?
To reach their goal of economic independence so they could work to provide for their families now, and attend good schools.
4. Who aided and who opposed education for African Americans in the South?
African-American groups who raised a million dollars for education, the federal govt. and proivate groups in the North and the Freedmen's Bureau aided it. White Southerners worked against the teacher's efforts, and white racists.
5. Why did many Americans want land reform in the South? What happened to proposals for land reform?
More than anything else, freed people wanted to own land. They thought they deserved it, as free citizens now. General William T. Sherman suggested that all freedmen would get 40 acres and a mule. Thaddeus Stevens and Charles Sumner proposed a plan to Congress that would haven taken land from plantation owners and given to freed people. It wasn't passed.
6. How did the contract system and sharecropping operate?
Contract system : Blacks could decide whom to work for, and planters could not abuse them or split up families.
Sharecropping : a worker rented a plot of land to farm and was provided tools, seed, housing, and sharecropper gave landowner a share of the crop.
7. What were the drawbacks of the contract system and sharecropping?
Contract system : Even the best paid low wages, couldn't leave the plantations without permission, owners cheated workers out of wages and benefits. Punished workers for breaking contracts.
Sharecropping : farmers and landowners had opposite goals. Farmers had to buy food from the local store owned by the landlord and were soon caught in a cycle of debt.
8. How did reliance on cotton production contribute to poverty in the Deep South?
The value of it dropped, trying to produce more, but it drove prices down even further. Exhausted the soil, reduced amount of land available for food crops. Relied on it too much.
9. What were the goals and tactics of the Ku Klux Klan?
To restore Democratic control of the South and keep former slaves powerless. Targeted prosperous blacks. Rode on horseback, dressed in white robes and hoods, beat people, burned homes, lynched, attacked white Republicans.
10. Why was the Klan successful?
Klan victims had little protection, military authorites ignored them, as the authorites were against Reconstruction.
11. How did the actions of the Klan benefit the Democratic Party?
As gun-toting Klansmen kept Republicans away from the polls, the Democrats increased their power.