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Northwest Ordinance

Enacted in 1787, it is considered one of the most significant achievements of the Articles of Confederation. It established a system for setting up governments in the western territories so they could eventually join the Union on an equal footing with the original 13 states

Alexander Hamilton

Hamilton emerged as a major political figure during the debate over the Constitution, as the outspoken leader of the Federalists and one of the authors of the Federalist Papers. Later, as secretary of treasury under Washington, Alexander Hamilton spearheaded the government's Federalist initiatives, most notably through the creation of the Bank of the United States.

Newburgh Conspiracy

The officers of the Continental Army had long gone without pay, and they met in Newburgh, New York to address Congress about their pay. Unfortunately, the American government had little money after the Revolutionary War. They also considered staging a coup and seizing control of the new government, but the plotting ceased when George Washington refused to support the plan.

Shay's Rebellion

this conflict in Massachusetts caused many to criticize the Articles of Confederation and admit the weak central government was not working; uprising led by Daniel Shays in an effort to prevent courts from foreclosing on the farms of those who could not pay the taxes

Reign of Terror

the historic period (1793-94) during the French Revolution when thousands were executed

Genet Mission

French Revolutionist ambassador to the US sent to the US to meet with Washington to present credentials and become the ambassador. Washington avoided him so that he wouldn't have to accept his credentials and not have to help France in their war due to the existing treaty. Genet states that he has Letters of Marque and Reprisal that drafted people to come and fight and live by rules of war. Washington Declared Neutrality to avoid any attack by England. Genet then began writing editorials attacking Washington and Washington puts him on house arrest and requests that France sends a new ambassador.

Jay's Treaty

agreement negotiated by john jay to work out problems between britain and the US over the western frontier trade in the caribbean, british seizure of US ships, and debts owed to british merchants

Fallen Timbers

The 1794 battle in which the Indians of the Northwest Territory were defeated.

Alien and Sedition Acts

acts passed by federalists giving the government power to imprison or deport foreign citizens and prosecute critics of the government

Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions

These stated that a state had the right to declare a law unconstiutional, or nullify a law, within its borders. These were written by Jefferson and Madison to resist the Alien and Sedition Acts


Battle fought against the Shawnee by William Henry Harrison. British gun powder proved that they were assisting the Shawnee and gave congress reason to declare war

War Hawks

Southern and Western members of congress who were eager for war with Britain. They had a strong sense of nationalism, and they wanted to takeover British land in North America and expand.

Hartford Convention

Meeting of Federalists near the end of the War of 1812 in which the party listed it's complaints against the ruling Republican Party. These actions were largley viewed as traitorous to the country and lost the Federalist much influence

USS Constitution

Old Ironsides; a US navy ship who defeated British navy ships during the War of 1812

Fort Mims

Creeks allied with the England attacked this Alabama fort in 1813 in a mercilious attack that included scalping. The Americans would get this fort back by the efforts of Andrew Jackson, who decimated the hated Creeks

Era of Good Feelings

A name for President Monroe's two terms, a period of strong nationalism, economic growth, and territorial expansion. Since the Federalist party dissolved after the War of 1812, there was only one political party and no partisan conflicts.

William Henry Harrison

Govenor of the Indiana territory, that fought against Tecumseh and the Prophet in the battle of Tippecanoe

"Remember the Raisin"


Barbary Wars

war about issue of the North African pirates' demand of tribute from American merchant vessels in the Mediterranean Sea.

James Madison

The fourth President of the United States (1809-1817). A member of the Continental Congress (1780-1783) and the Constitutional Convention (1787), he strongly supported ratification of the Constitution and was a contributor to The Federalist Papers (1787-1788), which argued the effectiveness of the proposed constitution. His presidency was marked by the War of 1812.

Battle of New Orleans

Last battle during the War of 1812 where the British army attempted to take New Orleans. Due to the foolish frontal attack, Jackson defeated them, which gave him an enormous popularity boost.

Battle of the Thames River

Battle near Detroit in which American forces led by General William Henry Harrison killed Tecumseh on their way to victory

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