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24 terms

HIM135 Ch2 Key Terms

Diseases in a Flash! by Sharon Eagle
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Aerobe
Mircoorganism that needs oxygen to grow
Anaerobe
Microorganism that grows without oxygen
Asymptomatic
Free of symptoms,
Bacterium
One-celled organism; some bacteria are capable of producing disease
Disease
Any condition characterized by subjective complaints, a specific history, clinical signs, symptoms, and laboratory radiographic findings
Etiology
Cause
Fomite
Any object that adheres to and transmits infectious material (e.g., comb, countertop, drinking glass)
Fungus
Organism such as yeast, mold, or mushroom; most are not pathogenic
Homeostasis
State of equilibrium in the body
Idiopathic
Having unknown or uncertain cause
Incubation
Interval between exposure of the symptoms and the appearance of the first symptoms
Infectious disease
Any disease transmitted directly or indirectly between individuals; also called 'communicable disease'
Microorganism
Living organism too small to be seen by the naked eye
Normal flora
Organisms commonly found on and in the body that do not cause disease
Nosocomial
Acquired within the hospital
Palliative care
Medical care aimed at alleviating disease symptoms and enhancing quality of life
Parasite
Pathogen requiring another living organism to live
Pathogen
Disease-producing microorganism
Pathologist
One who is devoted to the study of human tissues, cells and bodily fluids for evidence of disease
Prodromal
Occurring between earliest symptoms and the appearance of rash or fever
Protozoan
Organism; most protozoans live in the soil, some are capable of producing disease
Symptomatic
Having symptoms, such as fever, sore throat, nausea, and vomiting
Vector
Carrier, usually an insect, that transmits a disease from an infected person to a noninfected person
Virus
Pathogen which grows and reproduces after infecting an host cell