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14 terms

Religion Final Exam

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Jihad
a holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
Muhammad
the Arab prophet who founded Islam
Mecca
the holiest city of Islam; Muhammad's birthplace
The Koran
the holy book of Islam
Suffis
a mystical muslim group that believed they could draw closer to god through prayer, fasting, and a simple life
Sunnis
Muslims belonging to branch of Islam believing that the community should select its own leadership. The majority religion in most Islamic countries.
Shites
people who only want Muhammad's descendants as ruler
Shar'ia Law
Islamic Law; Moral code of religious law of Islam
From the precepts set forth by Quran and the example set by the prophet Muhammad in the Sunna
Allah
Muslim name for the one and only God
Mosque
(Islam) a Muslim place of worship
Ramadan
(Islam) a fast (held from sunrise to sunset) that is carried out during the Islamic month of Ramadan (9th month)
Prophet
tells forth the will and council of God
Ethics
motivation based on ideas of right and wrong
Cult
an organized group of people with an obsessive devotion to a person or set of principles