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26 terms

Vocab for Suda's Science class chapter 10

10-1, 10-2, and 10-3
STUDY
PLAY
organism
living thing
habitat
an environment that provides the things an organism needs to live, grow, and reproduce
biotic factor
the living parts of a habitat
abiotic factor
the nonliving parts of an organism's habitat that include water, sunlight, oxygen, temperatures, and soil
photosynthesis
a process in which organisms use water along with sunlight and carbon dioxide to make their own food
species
a group of organisms that are phisically similar and can mate with each other and produce offsprings which and mate and produce offsprings as well
population
all the members of one species in a particular area
community
all the different populations that live together in an area
ecosystem
the community of organisms that live in a particular area, along with the nonliving surroundings
ecology
the study of how living things interact with each other and their environments
birth rate
number of births in a population in a certain amount of time
death rate
the number of deaths in a population in a certain amount of time
immigration
moving into a population
emigration
leaving a population
limiting factor
an environment factor that causes a population to stop growing
carrying capacity
the largest population that an area can support
producer
an organism that can make its own food
consumer
an organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
herbivore
eats plants
carnivore
eats meat
omnivore
eats both plants and meat
scavenger
a carnivore that feeds on the bodies of dead organisms
decomposer
An organism that breaks down wastes and dead organisms
food chain
a series of events in which one organism eats another and obtains energy
food web
the pattern of overlapping food chains in an ecosystem
energy pyramid
a diagram that shows the amount of energy that moves from one feeding level to another in a food web