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55 terms

Chapter 8

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blast/o, -blast
germ or bud
chrom/o, chromat/o
color
chyl/o
juice
hem/o, hemat/o
blood
immun/o
safe
lymph/o
clear fluid
morph/o
form
myel/o
bone marrow or spinal cord
phag/o
eat or swallow
plas/o
formation
reticul/o
a net
splen/o
spleen
thromb/o
clot
thym/o
thymus gland
plasma
liquid portion of blood and lymph
serum
liquid portion of blood left after clotting process
erythrocyte
red blood cell
leukocyte
white blood cell
granulocytes
a group of leukocytes containing granules in cytoplasm
neutrophil
a granular leukocyte
polymorphonuclear luekocyte
another term for neutrophil
eosinophil
rose-color granular leukocyte
basophil
dark-stained granule leukocyte
agranulocytes
group of leukocytes without granules in their nuclei
lymphocyte
an agranulocytic leukocyte active in immunity
monocyte
performs phagocytosis
platelets
thrombocytes that coagulate
thymus
primary gland of lymphatic system
spleen
filters aging blood, removes cellular debris
lymph
fluid circulated through lymph vessels
lymph capillaries
microscopic vessels that draw lymph from lymph vessels
lymph vessels
vessels that receive lymph from lymph capillaries
lymph nodes
small oval structures that filter lymph received from vessels
lymph ducts
collecting channels
right lymphatic duct
receives lymph from the upper right part of the body
thoracic duct
receives lymph from left side of body
antigen
a substance which causes the body to produce antibodies
antibody
substance produced by the body that destroys antigen
immunity
process of disease protection by exposure to an antigen
active immunity
immunity that protects the body from future infection
passive immunity
immunity resulting from antibodies that are produced naturally
microcytosis
presence of small red blood cells
macrocytosis
presence of large red blood cells
anisocytosis
presence of red blood cells of equal size
poikilocytosis
presence of large, irregularily shaped red blood cells
reticulocytosis
increase of immature erythrocytes in blood
erythropenia
abnormally reduced number of red blood cells
lymphocytopenia
abnormally reduced number of lymphocytes
neutropenia
decrease in number of neutrophils
pancytopenia
abnormally reduced number of all cells in blood
hemolysis
breakdown of red blood cell membrane
immunocompromised
impaired immune defenses
immunosuppression
inability for immune response
lymphadenopathy
presence of enlarged lymph nodes
splenomegaly
enlargement of the spleen