Which of the following NOT an example of metabolisms?
Controlling the basic functions and activities of the cell
The release of energy within a cell necessary for the performance of specific body functions is called:
Which type of tissue coordinates body functions in addition to carrying messages to and from the brain and spinal cord?
A group of body structures that, together, perform one or more vital functions of the body is a (n):
Bones is the hardest structure in the body and is composed of 1/3 organic matter and :
2/3 mineral matter
Which of the following is NOT a function of the skeletal system?
Sending and receiving body messages
Mary is performing a scalp massage on a client. Which of the following bones would be most affected by the massage Mary is offering?
The two bones located on either side of the head above the ears and below the parietal bones are the:
The smallest bones of the facial skeleton that form the front part of the inner, bottom wall of the eye socket are the:
The large, flat bone extending from the midle of the back upward to the joint where it attaches to the clavicle is called the :
Which type of muscle is responsible for permitting a person to change the pace from walking to running?
Which muscle is located between the eyebrows across the bridge of the nose and is responsible for drawing down and wrinkling the area across the bridge of the nose ?
Which muscle circles the mouth and is responsible for puckering and wrinkling the lip ?
Raising the upper lip is accomplished by which of the following muscles ?
Quadratus labii superioris
The coordination of which two muscles enables the body to perform chewing (mastication)?
Temporlis and masseter
Drawing the head back, rotating the shoulder blades and controlling the swing of the arm are functions controlled by the latissimus dorsi and the:
When a professional cosmetologist performs a massage manipulation, what system is generally directly influenced and stimulated?
When performing high stress activities such as excercise, which system of the body is responsible for maintaining the oxygen supply to the muscles and cells?
What is the sticky, salty fluid that circulates through the body bringing nourishment and oxygen to all parts of the body?
What component of blood gives the body the ability to stop the flow of blood when protective layer of the skin is broken?
Which artery supplies blood to the lower portion of the face, including the mouth and nose?
Which smaller branch of the external maxillary artery supplies blood to the upper lip and septum?
What structure filters out toxic substances, like bacteria, and adds antibodies to he lymph fluid?
The nervous system is made up of the central nervous system, the peripheral nervous system and the:
Autonomic nervous system
Located at the end of each axon and responsible for sending messages away from the nerve cell in the form of nerve impulses is a:
Which of the following list of components works in harmony to receive and interpret stimuli and sends the resulting impulses to the appropriate tissues, muscles and organs?
Brain, spinal cord and nerves
A division of the ophthalmic branch that effects the upper eyelids, eyebrow, forehead and scalp is the :
Which of the following nerves control the mouth muscles oris orbicularis, quadratus labii superioris and mentalis?
What branch of the facial nerve extends to the muscles of the temple, the side of the forehead, eyebrow, eyelid and upper cheek?
Which branch of the cervical nerve extends into the side and front of the neck to the breastbone?
Jane, a skin care client, comments after a facial with massage service that her tight fatigued muscles now feel relaxed and smoothed. Which of the following statements describes what caused this effect?
Stimulation of sensitive nerve tissues
Why is peristalsis important in the overall functioning of the digestive system?
Propels food down the esophagus
Breathing through the nose is healthier that breathing through the mouth because the nose:
Contains mucus membranes that filter out dust
Which of the following steps should NOT be followed to break the circuit when a person comes in contact with an electric current?
Touch the person to ground the circuit
The application of special currents (or modalities) that have a variety of effects on the skin is called:
When performing an electrotherapy procedure, what apparatus or current conductor is used to bring the current from the appliance to the client's skin?
The electrode that is negatively charged during and electrotherapy treatment is known as a(n):
What temporary effect will a negative electrode pole produce when applying Galvanic Current during an electrotherapy treatment?
Increase in blood flow
Which of the following is NOT a temporary effect of the positive pole of Galvanic Current?
Which electrotherapy treatment can cause sebum to be broken down or blackheads to the liquified, as in deep-pore cleansing?
When using Galvanic Current on clients in a salon what precaution must a cosmetologist take in order to prevent injury to the client?
Do not use over an area having broken capillaries
An alternating current that can be adjusted to different voltages to produce heat is :
If the client is holding the active electrode while the cosmetologist manually stimulates the are being treated what method of Tesla Current is being used?
Which of the following will produce a mild, stimulating sensation while using high frequency current?
Slightly separating the electrode from the skin
A salon owner wants to mimic natural sunlight as closely as possible in the salon reception area. Which type of light would most likely be used to accomplish this requirement?
Melting ice changes water from a solid to a liquid. Boiling water changes water from a liquid to gas. These are example of what type of change?
When two hydrogen atoms combine with one oxygen atom, the result is water, which is called a(n):
The bonds found within hair that help organize protein chains in order ot build hair are called:
Which of the following statements describes how human hair is formed?
Protein chains connect to other protein chains
All of the following statement regarding pH are true EXCEPT:
A solution is acidic if it has more negative hydroxide ions
In the process of making a cup of instant hot chocolate, what would the powdered chocolate represented?
What is formed when two or more non-mixable substances are united with the help of a binder?
Mixtures of fats and oils converted to fatty acids by heat and then purified, fall under which of the following classifications?
The instruction on a product state to shake well before use, which indicates this product is probably a(n):
Which of the following classifications would identify emulsions that are generally used by cosmetologists?
Oil-in water emulsion
Which of the following cosmetic classifications requires sifting until free of coarse gritty particles?
Cleaning the hair and scalp and removing all foregign matter without adversely affecting either the scalp or hair is called:
If water contains certain salts of calcium, magnesium and other metals it is classified as:
What is the pH of a client's natural hair that has been permed, colored, cut and styled properly within the past few months?
4.5 TO 5.5
Which of the following shampoo types is formulated to have the same pH as the hair and skin?
Which of the following shampoos would NOT be used for chemically treated or damaged hair?
Which shampoo would generally be recommended for an individual who is ill and bedridden?
Powder dry shampoo
Which of the following shampoo types is designed to treat scalp and hair problems or disorders?
Which shampoo contains temporary color molecules that adhere to the hair and deposit color?
Which conditioner will penetrate into the damaged hair shaft and deposit proteins in to the cortex?
Using a protein conditioner would help achieve all of the following results EXCEPT:
Increase new hair growth
The main ingredients found in most neutralizers are:
Hydrogen peroxide, sodium perborate or sodium bromate
Which term below identifies the change assigned to an oxidative hair color procedure?
What would be used to determine if a bottle of hydrogen peroxide is still potent if the purchase date was no longer on the label?
Which of these description is NOT a guideline to be used when creating a resume?
Provide at least eight pages of information
Which of the following interview question is illegal for an employer to ask for the purpose of discrimination?
When were you born?
One of the most effective techniques in building a clientele is to :
Give out business cards to potential clients
Making a future appointment with a client while they are still in the salon is an effective tool for building a clientele and is referred to as:
Prebooking the client
The type of bussiness ownership in which two or more persons share all costs opening, operating and maintaining the bussiness is a:
Which of the following business types is owned by the shareholders and formed under legal guidelines?
All of the following items should be important requirements in the process of salaon planning EXCEPT:
The distance from the Social Security office
Compliance with all local, state/province and federal rules, regulations and laws is the responsibility of the:
The ideal salon arrangement has an efficient traffic pattern providing:
The least steps for the client and stylist to travel
Which type of insurance protects the salon owner from financial loss due to an employee's negligence?
U.S Social Security and Canadian Pension taxes are planned saving/retirement funds, and the money is collected by the:
U.S and Canadian governments
Which of the following items must be reported to the IRS as employee income?
Tips recieved by an employee
All payments received from clients for services performed and home care products purchased is known as:
Renting or leasing a styling station from a building owner would represent which of the following situtions:
What percentage of the total salon expenses generally represents compensation for the salon owner and employees?
A stylist earning additional payment over and above the normal paycheck would be receiving what type of compensation?
Salary plus commission
Which of the following is vital in order to allow close management of products purchased for retailing in the salon?
Inventory control system
The stylist's name, sheduled service, client's name, date and client's phone number should all be included in the :
To become an asset to any salon staff the stylist should do all of the following EXCEPT:
Make negative comments
Which of the following resembles the shapes of a golf club and covers the follicle at the lower portion of the hair root?
Located at the bottom of the follicle and supplying nourishment to the germinal matrix is the:
The hair shaft consisting of unique protein structures that gives hair elasticity is called the :
The outer covering of the hair shaft made up of overlapping layers of transparent scales is called the:
Hair that has been pulled out from the roots can grow back under which of the following circumstance?
The papilla has not been destroyed
The central core of the hair shaft sometimes missing in fine or very fine hair is called the:
What is formed when sebum prodiced by the oil glands mixes with the body's perspiration?
The muscle that causes the hair to stand on end when a person is scared or cold is known as the:
The resting stage of hair growth when the hair bulb has no attached roots sheath is referred to as the :
The cross-section, or diameter, of the hair shaft is much larger in coarse hair than which of the following?
Which of the following is the hard, resistant layer of protein that protects the hair shaft?
The large variety of hair color is influenced by the amount and distribution of:
Eumelanin and pheomelanin
Which of the following refers to the ability of hair to stretch and return to its original shape without breaking?
Small cracks starting in the cuticle and spliting the hair entirely are known as brittle hair, fragilitis crinium or:
Which of following is a condition in which alternating bands of gray and dark hair exist?
A cosmetologist may have to remove excess hair from areas where there is abnormal coverage, a condition known as:
Removal methods for hypertrichosis range from tweezing to electrolysis, depending on all of the following factor EXCEPT:
A disorder that refers to an overabundance of epithelial cells that have accmulated on the scalp or fallen to the shoulders is known as dandruff or:
A disorder that refers to thick, crusty patches of red irritated scalp is know as:
Pediculosis capitis simplex
A red, circular patch of small blisters caused by a vegetable parasite is also known as tinea or:
How should a cosmetologist handle a situation when areas of enlarged open follicles surrounded by clusters of red spots, indicating tinea capitis are observed?
Refer the client to a physician
What scalp disease might be present if prior to a service several dry, yellow, encrusted areas on the scalp are noticed along with a peculiar odor?
Red, watery vesicles or pus-filled areas caused by an itch mite burrowing under the skin are know as:
Hair follicles that are predetermined to produce short, fine, non-pigmented hair that cover most of the body are called:
Alopecia, or excessive hair loss, may be caused by any one of the following EXCEPT:
In androgenetic alopecia, a combination of heredity, hormones and age causes:
Shrinking or miniaturization of follicles
Which procedural step is generally used to determine if hair loss may be identified as androgenetic alopecia?
Ask questions about family history
There is a gradual conversion from terminal hair follicles to vellus-like follicles in clients with:
Various hair loss identification systems identify which of the following?
pattern and density of the hair loss
Sudden hair loss in round or irregular patches without the display of an inflamed scalp is referred tp as:
The premature shedding of hair in the resting phase which can be the result of childbirth, shock, drug intake or fever is:
Hair loss caused by excessive pulling or twisting on the hair or by chemical damage is called:
Brushing the hair prior to a shampoo service accomplishes all of the following EXCEPT:
decreasing blood circulation
Scalp massage involes manipulations performed on the scalp to relax the muscles and stimulate:
For medical and comfort purposes during a shampoo service, it is often recommended that elderly client:
lean forward into the shampoo bowl
Which of the following steps would occur the latest when performing a wet hair service inclusive of draping, shampooing and conditioning?
At what point should the condition of the client's hair and scalp be examined when performing a shampoo?
before shampooing the hair
When determining body proportion, which of the following descriptions, should be taken into consideration?
Which of the following is the standard proportion between the head and body of a woman that most artist use?
1 to 7
When determining facial shape, which of the following is NOT a consideration?
anlysis of the least dominant area
When three-sectioning the facial area, the middle or second section includes:
the middle of the eyebrows to the tip of the nose
A stylist should NOT accentuate the narrowness at the temples and width at jawline in what type of facial shape?
Which of the following should NOT be considered if the client has a diamond facial shape?
adding width at the cheekbones
Which of the following guidelines is true if the client has a heart facial shape?
leave fullness at the nape
Adding volume to the fringe area and will visually shrink the length of the nose in which profile?
A dominant, protruding forehead and chin with a small nose are characteristics of a:
Which of the following is true regarding design decision about clients who wear glasses?
select large glasses for a large face
What type of hair texture creates a wide silhouette and generally holds a style for a longer period of time?
curly and coarse
It is said that 80% of a hair designer's success is based on the ability to gain rapport and:
Lines that are at a right angle to the horizon and add the visual illusion of length are called:
The surface appearance of the hair identified by whether it is curly or straight, smooth or layered is called:
A design pattern in which an element changes gradually in an ascending or descending scale is referred to as:
Which design principle has a pattern in whicn an element has a relationship of opposites that creat interest, variety and excitement?
Balance in a design is identified by which of the following definitions?
a state of equilibrium between contrasting, opposite or interacting elements in the design
What type of balance is created when the weight is positioned unequally from a center axis?
Which of the following lines are parallel to the horizon and create a feeling of maximum weight or stability?
The lines used in haircutting that create the illusion of movement and excitement are called:
When cutting with a razor all of following results are achieved EXCEPT:
regular alternation of short and long lengths
Which finger should be placed in the finger grip to control the still blade when holding shear?
To hold the comb and shears in the the same hand without jeopardizing the client's safety, release the thumb grip and:
close your palm over the shears
When using electric clippers, the attachment that allows the hair to be cut to one exact length is the:
The term used to describe deviding the head into workable areas for the purpose of control is called:
The most natural looking result of the line is achieved when cutting the hair in which of the following head positions?
Which head position when cutting hair results in an inclination or a slight graduated effect?
What term, also known as elevations, is the angle at which the hair is held in relation to the curve of the head prior to cutting?
Which of the following term identifies the technique used to check the accuracy of a haircut by using the opposite parting pattern?
A design line that is used as a lengh guide for cutting graduated, layered and square form is referred to as:
Cutting shorter lengths within the form to reduce bulk and create support and mobility is called:
A technique performed on the ends of the hair to reduce bulk, allow for mobility, soften the ends and blend weight lines is called:
To maintain control of the hair, which of the following hair types should be texturized the greater distance from the scalp?
To allow for more control and the shrinkage factor, very curly hair should be texturized while it is:
To accommodate a growth pattern such as a widow's peak, cowlick or whorl when cutting the hair, which of the following statements would apply?
allow additional length in the growth pattern area
Which of the following growth patterns from a point at the front hairline and curves to one side?
When performing a haircut, which of the following determines the size of a parting?
density of the hair
Infection control produres include sweeping and disposing of cut hair:
before performing a blow dry service
The combination of the size of the base and the position of the curl in relation to the base is called:
The base control used within a hairstyle affects the amount of closeness in the hairstyle or the amount of lift, which is also called:
The base control that results in the most volume and strongest base strength is called:
on base (full base)
Holding the hair 90 degree from the center of the base and rolling it to sit on the bottom parting results in which of the following base controls:
half off (half base)
What is the term assigned to the base control when the tool being used sits below the bottom parting of the base?
Which base control is being used when the tool sits in the lower portion of the base, but not on or below the parting?
Hair that is held at a 45 degree angle above the center of the base and rolled to sit in the upper portion of the base is described by which of the following term?
Using one or two cushion brushes and brushing all the way to the scalp to integrate the base when finishing the hair is called:
What technique uses a comb to push back the shorter lengths of hair toward the base to create a cushion and add volume to the hairstyle?
A comb with closely set teeth that creates a smooth surface as it is being used is a(n):
all purpose styling comb
A tool that is effective for smoothing wavy or curly texture and adding directional emphasis when air forming is called:
7 or 9 row air forming brush
Use of a hand-held dryer with fingers, brushes, pressing combs and/or a curling iron is called:
Before brushing or combing hair that has been curled with an iron, ensure that the hair is:
Rain or humidity may cause thermally styled hair to react in which of the following ways?
hair returns to its original shape
Which of the following is recommended to use for testing the temperature of a stove heated iron?
The process of drying the hair and the styling it to create a new form is called air forming or :
To reduce the potential of hair and scalp damage from heat, hold the blow dryer at least:
8" to 10" from the hair
Which of the following is true about the use of a smaller brush when hairstyling?
results in a curlier style
The technique of combining airflow that dries the hair with heat that is retained in the barrel of a lot brush or comb is referred to as:
If a client requests a temporary hair straightening service which of the following methods should be used?
Which of the following time periods describe how long hair pressing results last?
until the next shampo
How can the temperature of a pressing comb be tested?
place it against a white paper towel and look for a change of color
Curling iron barrels, in order to retain hea, are usually made of which of the following materials?
To maintain a constant temperature during use, the electric curling iron contains a heating element controlled by a:
The temperature of the iron is determined by which one of the following factors?
client's hair condition and texture
Manipulation of a thermal iron when styling involves all of the following produres EXCEPT:
maintaining a closed clamp
All of the following are true about using a thermal iron on tinted, white or very fine hair EXCEPT:
highest iron temperature is used
The technique used to create a curved-under or flipped up effect by adding curl texture at the ends only referred to as a(n):
Which of the following steps would be used when performing the spiral technique?
positioning the curling iron vertically at the base
The hair type that generally requires lower temperatures and less contact time when using an electric curling iron is which of the following?
chemically altered hair
The comb used to protect the scalp when performing curling iron techniques should be made of:
hard rubber or nonflammable material
Why should having the ends of the hair protrude overy the iron be avoided?
fishhook ends could be the result
How is the majority of hair straightening accomplished during a pressing service?
pressing the spine of the comb against the hair
What is created by two complete ablong shapes that are joined and connected by a ridges?
Over direction of the ridge in fingerwaving may be caused by which of the following improper techniques?
pinching or pushing the ridge
A section of hair that forms a pincurl is commonly described in three part as the base, stem (arc) and:
Where is the sterm of the pincurl located tha demonstrates the direction of the curl?
between the base and first turn
Which of the following results would be achieved by using a pincurl with a closed center?
smaller and stronger wave, for a fluffy effect
A pincurl with an open circle has the ability to produce which of the following effects?
wider wave pattern with uniform curls
Cascade pincurls are volume pincurls used to creat which of the following results?
fullness and height
What is the name given to large strand-up pincurls that are able to achieve a similar effect to hair wound around a roller but resulting in less volume?
What type of pincurl is used to achieve a blend or transition from areas of volume to areas of closeness?
The base shapes of pincurls most often used are triangular, square or rectangular and crescent which is also called the:
The base control used when an equal degree of predetermined direction and volume are required is:
half-off base (half stem)
which base control is edentified as having the stem and circle positioned below the base and pick-up line?
off base (full stem)
Cone-shaped or conical rollers fit into a curvature shape and allow the creation of which of the following results?
a stronger curvature movement
Human hair strands will produce which of the following results when undergoing a match test?
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a capless wig?
consists of an elasticized mesh-fiber base
Which of the following wig types simulates natural hair growth and creates a natural look?
Which type of wig is difficult to style because the direction of the hair is determined by the position in which the weft is sewn to the cap?
Using a combination of hand-tied and machine-made processes results in which of the following wig types?
After initial preparation with a toothbrush or cotton ball, hand-tied wigs should be cleaned:
on a block
Coloring produres used on human hair wigs or hairpieces can include all of the following EXCEPT:
high level (lighter) oxidative colors
In addition to chemically treating hair prior to being used for human hair wigs it is often:
decolorized and bleached
Which of the following techniques would be recommended for use at the front hairline to produce a more natural-looking results?
Which hair addition is made up of hair fibers six inches or less in lenght attached to a round-shaped, flat base?
A hairpiece worn by men to cover bald or thinning hair spots, particularly on top of the head is called a :
Which of the following methods describes attaching hair fiber to the clients hair by using a special adhesive?
What is the hair addition method that uses a bonding agent activated by a heating element to affix loose hair fiber to small section of the client's own hair?
When performing an alkaline wave on a client, thioglycolate is joined with what ingredient to create a waving lotion?
With concave rods the hair on both ends must travel farther than the hair in the center to make one complete turn around the rod, creating a:
wider and more spiraling pattern on the ends
In the perm procedure, proper end paper techniques will eliminate crimps or:
fishhooks on the ends of hair
Which of the following descriptions identifies the end papper placement for the bookend technique used during per wrapping?
one end paper fold in half
When using the double-flat end paper technique, the first end paper is positioned under the strand past the ends of the hair, and the scond paper is placed on top of the strand and:
slightly past the first end paper
Water left in the end papers after rinsing the perm solution will dilute the neutralizer and:
weaken the curl formation
The size of the base and the angle at which the hair is held while wrapping determines the tool position or:
On base control is not recommended for alkaline perms since expansion is limited at the base and:
tension may cause breakage
In addition to tension and perm solution what do acid waves use to perform the processing action?
Which of the following chemicals is NOT one of the main ingredients found in most neutralizers?
A neutralizer rebonds and restores the disulfide bonds in addition to which of the following?
reduces the swelling caused by the alkalinity
To equalize the porosity of highly porous hair it may be necessary to use which of the following products?
Which of the following description does NOT identify the meaning of porosity?
the hair's ability to stretch
Hair is generally referred to as fine, medium or coarse when analyzing which of the following classifications?
Which of the following could describe what determines the processing time and proper perm solution?
the texture, elasticity and porosity of the client's hair
Before perming, identify if the hair has been tinted, bleached, highlighted/frosted or:
If perm solution comes in contact with the client's eyes or skin which of the following actions should be taken?
rinse thoroughly with cool water
Proper draping procedures for chemical services accomplish all of the following EXCEPT:
place cape between and chair back
What ingredient in color products could cause uneven curls, discoloration and hair breakage?
When performing a metallic test, immerse at least 20 strand of hair in the prepared mixture for:
What is the most likely cause of underprocessed hair?
perm solution not left on the hair long enough
The most common ingredient found in products that completely straighten the hair is:
Super strength relaxer is used for which of the following hair conditions?
tightly curled, coarse textured hair
Which ammonium thioglycolate relaxer strength would be used on healthy, color-treated, fine-textured or porous hair?
A sodium hydroxide relaxer service should not be performed on which of the following hair conditions?
hair that has been bleached
What product should NOT be applied to hair that has been previously permed with ammonium thioglycolate?
Which of the following conditions determine the processing time and proper relaxer strength to use?
texture, elasticity and porosity
When performing a chemical relaxing produre on porous hair, choose a product that has:
a lower alkaline content
During a chemical relaxer procedure, if the hair is tested with the back of the comb and there is a minimal amount of indentation, or if the curl pattern reverts or beads, what step may be required?
An acid-banlanced neutralizing shampoo or stabilizer is used after the hair is free of chemicals or:
reharden the hair
Virgin sodium hydroxide relaxer may be applied midstrand because body heat from the scalp will:
allow it to spread upward toward the scalp
Which of the following is NOT a step taken when performing a virgin sodium hydroxide relaxer service?
pre-shampoo the client's hair
What action should be taken to replace natural oils to the hair that were removed during a chemical process?
apply a conditioning treatment
Which of the following tests should be performed during a virgin thio relaxer technique to determine if the proper amount of relaxation has occurred?
To protect previously treated hair from the chemical product when performing a relaxer retouch service, what should be applied?
All of the following are terms that describe changing tightly curled hair to curly or wavy hair EXCEPT:
rerrangers are used during a curl reformation process to reduce the natural curl. What is the main ingredient found in rearrangers?
When performing a curl reformation service, the rod diameter chosen should be at least how many times larger than the diameter of the natural curl pattern?
All of the following chemical rearrangers are appropriately matched with the recommended hair type EXCEPT:
super for fine hair
Once the hair is completely wrapped during a curl reformation service, what is applied to ensure thorough saturation of the waving lotion?
The function of a curl activator is to provide moisture and:
help retain shape of a new curl configuration
If curl reforming is desired, cut off all hair previously treated with which of following?
When mixing two primary colors in varying proportions, the colors produced are:
orange, green and violet
Colors made by mixing primary colors with their neigboring secondary color in varying proportions are known as:
If a client's skin tone falls into the yellow, red and orange category it would be classified as:
Rachel is planning to use a complementary color scheme for her future salon decor. Which of the choices below would she consider for her complementary scheme?
green and red
An application of which of the following complemenary color categories would help eliminate unwanted brassiness or orange tones from a haircolor?
After viewing the cortex of hair under a microscope, red hair color would be determined due to a:
predominant amount of pheomelanin
When mixing an oxidative color for hair that is 25-30% gray, apply a color:
one level lighter than the desired shade
If the hair is more resistant to color, the cosmetologist may need to:
pre- lighten or pre-soften the hair
Which factor, along with the natural pigment and color level, might influence's color service?
Fine hair, which is less resistant, may appear to process in what maner when depositing color?
Chemical products such as hair colors, lighteners, perms and relaxers affect:
the porosity of the hair
When hair has been identified as having resistant porosity, the cuticle layers are smooth and:
When changing the color of the hair, the stylist must keep in mind that the final hair color is a combination of the existing pigment and:
the artificial pigment applied to the hair
For any color using and aniline derivative ingredient, what is required?
a predisposition or patch test
Why are color molecules able to penetrate the cuticle layer of the hair when using semi-permanent products versus temporary color?
semi-permanent molecules are smaller in size
Semi-permanent colors are alkaline and generally last through serval shampoos depending on the:
porosity of the hair
Which of the following statements identifies what demi-permanent colors use to develop the color molecules and aid in the color processing?
low volume peroxide
Which type of hair color lift the natural pigment and deposit artifical pigment in one process?
Which of the following statements identifies the action performed by oxidative tints after initial application?
the hair strands swells
In a permanent hair color procedure, the small colored molecules enter the hair with the aid of an alkalizing agent such as
Hight lift tints are designed to achieve lighter colors and are generally mixed with a double amount
30 or 40 volume hydrogen peroxide
Cream hair colors are generally mixed with a cream developer and are commonly applied with a:
bowl and brush
In order for a toner to be effective, which of the following steps needs to be performed?
hair needs to be prelightened
Which product would be selected to neutralize a brassy gold effect after prelightening a client's hair?
A patch test is required with permanent colors because they contain which type of derivative?
What product would be used to equalize the porosity and deposit a base color on a client's hair?
Which result from the following choices could generally be expected when using a filler?
replace the hair's missing primary color
Lighteners utilize ingredients such as ammonia and peroxide to penetrate the cortex and:
cause the melanin to break
Which of the following factor would affect the processing time when lightening hair?
amount of natural pigmentation of melanin in the hair
In order to lift one or two levels of color, which of the following products would be selected?
A powder lightener without buffering agents and conditioners could NOT be used for which of the following procedures?
What product comes in powder form and when mixed with hydrogen peroxide becomes a strong lightening agent?
Which of the following items is an oxidizing agent used with demi-permanent and permanent colors, lighteners and toners?
What is the pH level of hydrogen peroxide, a commonly used developer in hair coloring products?
between 2.5 to 4.5
Color products that are available, but are no recommended for use are:
metallic, compound dyes and vegetable dyes
Why does the base area lighten fasten when usinga midstrand to ends then base (lighter result) technique?
heat from the scalp accelerates processing
What is used to achieve more levels of lift when working with lighteners?
higher volume of developer
Which application technique is used to brush color or lightener directly on the surface of dry, style hair?
Special effects using color darker than the natural hair color on selected trands is referred to as:
The amount and density of the strands selected during the cap technique in hair coloring will determine?
if the effect will be subtle or dramatic
Which of the following techniques utilizes a piece of foil or thermal strip that folds lightener or color?
weaving and slicing
If redness and swelling were found around the test area when performing a predisposition test, which of the following steps should NOT be taken?
proceed with the service
If the hair does not appear light enough during a preliminary strand test, which step should be implemented?
increase processing time
To avoid any false color analysis, be sure the area used for performing the analysis is:
well lit, preferably with windows
Repeating back what a client has said in order to clarify any misunderstanding is called:
When should a cosmetologist ask a client about past color services?
after the greeting, prior to performing the service
During a client consultation prior to the service, which of the following items could be used to better understand the client's specific desires?
hair color swatches
Maintaining ongoing hair color service and consistent chemical results can be achieved by:
keeping accurate records
Temporary colors should be applied to which of the following hair conditions?
clean, towels-blotted hair
What process involves lightening the hair and then recoloring to the desired tone?
In a double-process blond procedure, after rinsing the lightener and checking for scalp abrasions you should:
mix and apply the toner
Which of the following methods would be used if a hair color service results in a darker color than the client desires?
hair color removal technique
Which of the following responses could be the reasons for a color result that is too light?
color formula was too light
Apply 70% alcohol to the hair strand five to seven minutes to remove which of the following products?
The lunula is the half-moom shape at the base of the nail that appears white due to a reflection of light at the point where the:
nail matrix and nail bed meet
The active tissue that generatates cells that harden as they move outward from the root to the nail is called the nail:
The tracks on either side of the nail that the nail moves on as it grows are called the nail:
Jane accidently closed the car door on her finger. The nail on that finger eventually fell off and one year later had not grow back. What nail structure has possibly been permanetly damaged?
A heathy nail is smooth, curved, translucent, pinkish in color and:
is without hollows or wavy ridges
Tinea pedis appears as itching and peeling of the skin on the feet and must be:
reffered to a physician
The disorder in which the nail grows into the edge of the nail grooves causing ingrown toenails is called:
Small white spots on the nail caused by an injury in which a small separation occurs between the nail and the nail bed is called:
Which of the following conditions refers to an excess of living skin attached to the nail plate that disrupts normal nail growth?
What would be the correct response if a client arrives for a manicure and exhibits signs of onychophagy?
offer to perform aweekly nail service, including polish
What is the nail condition that can be indicated by a yellow discoloration that turns black and begins to smell bad?
Discoloration of the nail can indicate serious problems in which of the following parts of the nails:
Upon discovery of a nail fungus on a client's hands or feet, the cosmetologist needs to:
refer client to a physician
What is the job of the manicurist when determining the shape of the client's nails?
enhance the client's natural nail shape
What is the function of a nail dryer when used during a nail service?
aid in fast drying and protection from being sticky or dull
How should implements involved in a blood spill incident be handled?
disinfect implements with a broad spectrum disinfectant
Which of the following steps describes the proper disinfecting procedure for implements following use in a manicure service?
wash implements with soap and water then place in disinfectant
When performing a manicure you must remove any trace of oil, lotion or cream:
before applying polish
What should you use to remove excess polish at the edge of the nail?
an orangewood stick wrapped in cotton with the tip saturated in polish remover
During the massage portion of a pedicure service apply pressure to the muscular tissue on either side of:
Rebalancing the nail during a fill- in nail service means to file and buff the nail to blend:
remaining acrylic to new growth area
If a nail fungus is found prior to performing a fill-in nail service, which of the following steps should be taken?
remove the artificial nail
What is the technical name for the study of skin, including its structure, functions and disorders?
Sudoriferous glands, sebaceous glands, sensory nerve endings, arrector pili muscles and a major portion of each hair follicle are found:
in the dermis
Which layer of the skin contains collagen protein fibers to help give the skin its elasticity and pliability?
On what area of the body would you not find any sebaceous glands?
on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet
Control and regulation of body temperature by the sudoriferous glands helps maintain the body temperature at:
98.6 degee fahrenheit or 37 Celsius
The greatest concentration of sudoriferous glands are found on the:
palms, soles, scalp and forehead and underarms
Which layer of the skin contains large blood vessels that transport nourishment to the skin?
An allergic reaction to cosmetics or chemicals that cosmetologists may be susceptible to is called:
Abnormal changes in the structure of organs or tissues are called primary, secondary and tertiary:
A secondary lesion appearing as round, dry patches of skin covered with rough, silvery scales is called:
A solid mass in the skin that could be soft or hard, fixed or freely movable and may be elevated or deep is called a:
What may happen to the skin if an area is subject to pressure or friction over a long period of time?
it may become callused
Which of the following skin lesion often occurs when skin loses its flexibility due to exposure to wind, cold, water ect. and cracks in the skin appear?
What is another name for a stain in the skin caused by the dilation of the small blood vessels in the skin, also known as a birthmark?
What is a condition called that is characterized by dry, scaly skin caused by a decreased production of sebum?
What is the disorder called that is an over production of perspiration caused by excessive heat or general body weakness?
What is the professional action to take when a client with rosacea request a facial service with you?
proceed with the service with approved of the client's physician
Product that work to further cleans the skin and return it to its normal pH include:
astringents and tonic lotions
Applying pressure to motor points will have which of the following effects?
smoothe and stimulate nerves and muscles
If a client suffers from high blood pressure or has suffered a stroke or heart attack, massage movements should:
be avoid since massage increase circulation
The massage manipulation that consists of light or heavy kneading and rolling of the muscles is called:
Which of the following massage manipulations is a circular deep rubbing movement usually carried out with the fingertips or palms of the hands?
All of the following statements are true about paraffin mask EXCEPT:
made from clay, sand, zinc oxide or mud
Which of the following is NOT generally a contraindication for skin care services?
low blood pressure
Why will many client have the opinion that shaved hair feels thicker following removal?
due to the blunt effect of the razor
What hair removal method is available for clients who cannot tolerate hot wax treatment?
cold wax treatment
How do you test the temperature of hot wax prior to applying it to your client?
test on the back of your hand
In what direction do you pull removal strips during hot wax treatments?
in the opposite direction of the hair growth
What should be applied to the skin following the used of a wax depilatory?
a smoothing lotion or toner
Inserting a single needle into a hair follicle for hair removal is called short-wave electrolysis or :
Why would the cosmetologist apply a lighter shade when performing corrective makeup?
to emphasize a facial area
One method to make wide-set eyes appear closer together is:
extend the brows past the inside corner of the eyes
Face powder cone in tinted shades to match foundations, and also:
in translucent form to be worn with any shade
Indiviual lashes do not adhere to lower lashes for as long as top ones because of:
the body's natural oils
Where in the course of a makeup application does applying lipstick usually occur?
last cosmetic to be applied
During the draping of your client for a makeup application prepare the client by draping, positioning chair and:
putting a headband on client
Bacterial cell that are harmless and can even be benificial to humans are called:
Pus-forming bacterial cells that form in long chains and cause blood poisoning are called:
What bacteria, when viewed throught a microscope, would appear to be coiled, corkscrew--shaped bacterial cells?
Eileen's client has deveploped Lyme disease. Which type of bacteria is the cause of this disease?
Which of the following is NOT a source through which bacteria or viruses enter the body?
What is the relationship with bacteria and disinfectants when bacteria are in the spore-forming stage?
bacteria are not harmed by disinfectants
Which of the following conditioning does NOT occur during the inactive stage of bacterial growth?
harm by heat
Infection control is divided into the following categories:
sanitation, disinfection and sterilization
Chemical products used to destroy or kill bacteria and some viruses (except bacterial spores) are called:
The regulation agency under the Department of Labor that enforces safety and health standards in the workplace is:
Key information on a specific product regarding ingredients, associated hazards, combustion levels and storage requirements is provided by:
Which of the following (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) Bloodborne Pathogens Standard requires the use of:
EPA registraion number
The 2001 OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) Bloodborne Pathogens Stand requires the use of:
an EPA-registered disinfectant with an efficacy against HIV and HBV or tuberculocidal
Which of the following steps should be taken after removing all hair from a brush during a disinfection procedure?
wash brush with soap and water
Tools and instruments used to puncture or invade the skin must be sterilized or designed to be:
When performing first aid for bleeding wounds, what is the next step after bleeding stop?