Ch 12&13 study guide
Terms in this set (59)
The source of Europe's most important river systems, including those of Southern Europe is
Alps, Pyrenees, and Apennines
The major mountain chains of Southern Europe include the
Southern Europe is a popular destination for tourists because of its ________ summer climate
It has higher amounts of rainfall and rich, sedimentary soil conditions
Why does most of the agriculture of Southern Europe occur along the coastal plain region?
Which type of landform is found in regions that may be prone to earthquakes caused by plate tectonic forces?
The languages of Italy, Spain, and Portugal are categorized as Romance languages, which are based on
Births are occurring at a slower rate than deaths, resulting in a shrinking, aging population
Which statement summarizes trends in the population patterns of Southern Europe today?
As manufacturing activity declined across Southern Europe over the past 30 years, the ________ sector has increased steadily
government overspending, high unemployment, high national debt
Which factors account for economic instability in the Southern European region in the 21st century?
Mediterranean Action Plan
The 1975 creation of the ________ was an attempt by Mediterranean nations to limit the damage to the environment caused by increases in human activity.
Growing numbers of tourists want to sample local cuisines, especially seafood dishes in coastal areas, resulting in overfishing.
What is one way that growing tourism directly affects the health of the marine life within the Mediterranean ecosystem?
topsoil and the vegetation it supports
Removal of which essential elements leads to erosion that can cause desert-like conditions?
Tourism is a major component of Southern Europe's economy. This is an example of the region's increasing dependence on the ________ sector.
Which describes the population pattern of Southern Europe today?
mild and rainy
Which characterizes winters in Southern Europe?
mountainous terrain/surrounded by three seas
Which lists a geographical feature that has kept the Balkan Peninsula isolated and slow to develop economically, and another feature that has helped to offset, or balance, that isolation?
Greeks in ancient Athens introduced the concept of ________, which has influenced society, politics, and culture around the world
The EU gave loans and subsidies to some members in Southern Europe, stretching resources and creating resentment among member states
What economic actions by the European Union have caused political tension among member states?
Select an example that could belong under the heading "Managing Resources" of Southern Europe.
Which period saw a resurgence of the arts and culture in Europe during the 1300s after a long period of decline?
fires caused by the drier and warmer conditions of climate change
What is a leading cause of deforestation?
Which mountain range runs along the spine of the Italian Peninsula?
an independent urban region in ancient Greece with its own unique society and government
a period of cultural rebirth with renewed interest in classical learning
an interdependent relationship between two places
a political movement where smaller regions that shared common linguistic and cultural patterns unified into formal states
in sculpture, to depict the human form as accurately as possible
The Dinaric Alps run parallel to coast of the
orchards, vineyards, and livestock
The Hungarian Plain is characterized by
the southern areas of the Adriatic Sea
Which region has a Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters?
continental climate, with short summers and long, cold winters
What type of climate does the Baltic Sea region experience?
Most countries changed their borders, and new countries were formed
How was the political geography of Eastern Europe reshaped after the end of World War I?
thousands of years ago
When did the first Slavs migrate from Asia to Eastern Europe?
located near Western Europe
The Eastern European countries that benefited from foreign investments shortly after the fall
Countries retained their free government health care systems
How did the fall of the Soviet Union impact the health care system in Eastern Europe?
The largest minority group in Europe is the
burning coal as a power source
The black triangle is an example of an area with high pollution caused by
placed a higher priority on rapid industrialization than on protecting the environment
Factories built and operated during the communist era were heavy polluters because the communist governments
agreement to regulate land-based pollution that endangered a shared marine environment
The Helsinki Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area was groundbreaking because it was the first
The companies responsible for managing forests have gone out of business
Why do so few people who sell illegally logged wood get caught?
vehicles with high pollutant emissions are banned
The European Union has established low-emission zones in Eastern Europe, which are areas where
its corrupt government was removed and the territory was absorbed by neighboring countries
Yugoslavia only existed from the 1940s to the 1990s because
Bosnian Croats and Bosnian Muslims
Which two ethnic groups were most affected by ethnic cleansing during the 1990s?
Most of Eastern Europe has a ________ climate
The burning of coal coats the area with black soot
Why is the industrial area of Poland, eastern Germany, and the Czech Republic called the black triangle?
Slavs, Germanic, and Celtic
The earliest people of Eastern Europe were
it is cheaper than electricity
Many people in Eastern Europe burn wood to heat their homes because
Almost no communist countries in Eastern Europe had anti-pollution laws
Which statement about countries during the communist era is true?
access to navigable water
Which geographic feature played the greatest role in the development of most major cities in Eastern Europe?
It has fertile soil used to grow grains and vegetables
Which statement about the Hungarian Plains is true?
the end of World War I
The Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman Empires ruled much of Eastern Europe until
Which characteristic protected the Balkan Peninsula from invaders, allowing the Slavic people in the area to create independent states?
shrubland with some woodlands and forests
What is the predominant natural vegetation in areas around the Adriatic Sea?
banning dolphin fishing
An example of a conservation effort to protect marine life in the Black Sea region is
a waterway that connects Eastern Europe to the North Sea and Northwestern Europe
a body of water that connects Europe to Asia
a waterway that links industrial cities with ports on the Baltic Sea
a body of water that connects to the Atlantic Ocean, allowing for trade between countries in Eastern Europe and the rest of the world
a body of water that provides a trade route between mainland Europe and the Scandinavian Peninsula
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