Upgrade to remove ads
Transcription and Translation Lab
by Rob Swatski, Associate Professor of Biology at HACC-York Campus (HACC, Central Pennsylvania's Community College) http://robswatski.virb.com/
Terms in this set (35)
The molecule that stores genetic information in cells is called _____.
Cytosine, Guanine, Adenine, and Thymine are the four _____ of DNA.
DNA is protected inside the _____ of a cell.
DNA is organized into sections called _____.
Genes code for _____, which do all of the work in a cell.
In what part of the cell are proteins made?
What specific cell structure is used to help make proteins?
During _____, each gene on the DNA is read and codes directly for a molecule of messenger RNA (mRNA).
Messenger RNA (mRNA) is a copy of a _____.
Which base is found in RNA, but not in DNA?
Name two ways the mRNA transcript is modified before it leaves the nucleus.
A 5' GTP cap and a 3' poly-A tail are added to the mRNA.
Why is the mRNA transcript modified before it leaves the nucleus?
To protect it from ribonuclease (RNAase) enzymes in the cytoplasm which degrade RNA.
During _____, the ribosome reads the sequence of bases on mRNA.
Each set of three mRNA bases is called a(n) _____.
Which molecule brings the amino acids to the ribosome as they are needed during translation?
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
The building blocks of proteins are called _____.
Which sequence on DNA tells the enzyme RNA polymerase where to begin transcription of a gene?
Name the enzyme that links RNA nucleotides into a growing RNA chain during transcription?
In complementary base pairing with DNA, the base Cytosine (C) in DNA bonds with the base _____ in RNA.
In complementary base pairing with DNA, the base Thymine (T) in DNA bonds with the base _____ in RNA.
In complementary base pairing with DNA, the base Adenine (A) in DNA bonds with the base _____ in RNA.
How many amino acids are found in nature?
The codon AUG not only stands for the amino acid methionine (Met) but also functions as a _____ codon.
The _____ codon signals where a ribosome ends translation.
The type of bond that holds amino acids together in a protein is called a(n) _____ bond.
A group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementary to an mRNA codon is the _____.
An error that occurs when DNA is copied (replicated) is called a _____.
A _____ mutation changes a single nucleotide, but does not change the amino acid created.
The way a cell's mRNA-translating machinery groups the mRNA nucleotides into codons is called the _____.
A _____ mutation changes an amino acid codon to one of the three stop codons, resulting in a shorter and usually nonfunctional protein.
A _____ mutation is where a single base pair in DNA has been changed.
A _____ mutation is where a codon that specifies an amino acid is mutated into a codon that specifies a different amino acid.
What protein is affected by the mutation that causes sickle cell anemia?
What type of cell is affected by sickle cell anemia?
red blood cell
A _____ mutation shifts the reading frame of the genetic message by inserting or deleting a nucleotide.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Biological Molecules Lab
DNA Fingerprinting Lab
Protein Electrophoresis Lab
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Core Topic 2 Molecular Biology | IB Biol…
Unit 5 Vocabulary
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
BIOL 206 Chp 14 The Structure of Communities
BIOL 206 Chp 13 Mutualism
BIOL 206 Chp 12 Coevolution
BIOL 206 Chp 11 Competition