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98 terms

AP Lang Vocabulary

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Mite
Type: Noun
Def:
- a contribution that is small but is all that a person can afford
Insidious
Type: Adjective
Def:
- intended to entrap or beguile
- stealthily treacherous/deceitful
Chastity
Type: Noun
Def:
- formal/rigid
- purity from UNLAWFUL sexual intercourse
- moderation/modesty -> restraint from excess
Prostrate
Type: Verb
Def:
- to cast (oneself) face down on ground in humility/adoration
Remonstrate
Type: Verb
Def:
- to say/plead in protest/objection/disapproval
Vouchsafe
Type: Verb
Def:
- to grant/give/allow by favor/graciousness/condescension
Candor
Type: Noun
Def:
- quality of being frank/open/sincere
- impartiality
Desultory
Type: Adjective
Def:
- disconnected/random
- digressing from main subject
Immutable
Type: Adjective
Def:
- unmovable
- unchangeable
Effulgence
Type: Noun
Def:
- a brilliant radiance
*effulgent=shining
Uncanny
Type: Adjective
Def:
- having/seeming to have a supernatural/inexplicable basis
Piquant
Type: Adjective
Def:
- agreeably pungent/sharp in taste/flavor
Deprecatory
Type: Adjective
Def:
- expressing disapproval
- protest
- apologetic
Sardonic
Type: Adjective
Def:
- mocking/cynical
Pirogue
Type: Noun
Def:
- a native boat/dugout canoe
Upbraid
Type: Verb
Def:
- to find fault with or reproach severely
- censure
Incipient
Type: Adjective
Def:
- beginning to exist/appear
- in an initial stage
Propensity
Type: Noun
Def:
- a natural inclination/tendency
Epigram
Type: Noun
Def:
- a short poem ending in a witty or ingeious turn of thought to which the rest of the composition is intended to lead up
Fractiousness
Type: Adjective
Def:
- refractory/unruly
- peevish
* esp. of children
Contiguous
Type: Adjective
Def:
- touching/bordering/adjoining
- meeting at a common boundary
Insolent
Type: Adjective
Def:
- Haughty/arrogant
- Overbearing
Nebulous
Type: Adjective
Def:
- Cloudy/misty/foggy
Conceit
Type: Noun
Def:
- conception/notion/idea/thought
- elaborate/extended metaphor
Meretricious
Type: Adjective
Def:
- alluring by false show but without value/integrity
Ineffable
Type: Adjective
Def:
- cannot be expressed/described in language
- too great for words
Turgid
Type: Adjective
Def:
- swollen/distended
- grandiloquent/pompous
Contingent
Type: Adjective
Def:
- Touching each other
- happening/coming by chance
Dilatory
Type: Adjective
Def:
- tending to cause delay
Harrow
Type: Verb
Def:
- to tear/lacerate/wound
Magnanimous
Type: Adjective
Def:
- generous in feeling/conduct
Truculent
Type: Adjective
Def:
- fierce/cruel/savage/barbarous
*truck driver
Redolent
Type: Adjective
Def:
- having/diffusing a pleasant smell/aroma/scent
Moratorium
Type: Noun
Def:
- an agreed postponement
Concur
Type: Verb
Def:
- to coincide
- to agree in opinion
Precipitate
Type: Verb
Def:
- to throw a person suddenly/violently in a particular state (esp. undesirable one)
- to happen quickly
- to bring about
Profundity
Type: Noun
Def:
- the quality of great/vast depth/wisdom
Scintillate
Type: Verb
Def:
- to sparkle/twinkle
Equivocate
Type: Verb
Def:
- to use ambiguous/unclear expressions
- to avoid commitment in order to mislead
Sublime
Type: Adjective
Def:
- inspiring awe/veneration
- absolute/utter
Stagnate
Type: Verb
Def:
- to cease to flow
Sanguine
Type: Adjective
Def:
- Blood-red
- disposed to hopefulness/confidence of success
Solicitous
Type: Adjective
Def:
- troubled/anxious/deeply concerned
Acrimony
Type: Noun
Def:
- sharp/irritating bitterness of disposition/manner
Delineate
Type: Verb
Def:
- to trace out by lines
- to portray in words
Copious
Type: Adjective
Def:
- Furnished plentifully with anything
- yielding an abundant supply of
Annex
Type: Verb
Def:
- to join/unite
- a subsidiary addition to a building
Vicissitude
Type: Noun
Def:
- a change/alteration in condition/fortune
- the uncertain mutability of something
Emblematic
Type: Adjective
Def:
- symbolical
- typical
Invariably
Type: Adverb
Def:
- unchangingly/constantly
Ignominy
Type: Noun
Def:
- dishonor/disgrace/shame
Ingenuous
Type: Adjective
Def:
- open/frank/candid
Inimical
Type: Adjective
Def:
- unfriendly/hostile/harmful
Avail
Type: Verb
Def:
- to have force/efficacy for the accomplishment of a purpose
Obviate
Type: Verb
Def:
- to meet and dispose of
- to circumvent
Quaff
Type: Verb
Def:
- to drink deeply
- to take a long draught
Amenable
Type: Adjective
Def:
- disposed to answer
- responsive/ tractable/ capable of being won over
Expostulate
Type: Verb
Def:
- to reason earnestly w/ someone against something that the person intends to do/has done
Ascetic
Type: Adjective
Def:
- rigorous self-discipline
- abstinence from creature comforts
Inure
Type: Verb
Def:
- to bring a person by use/habit to a certain state of mind
- to accustom/habituate
Office
Type: Noun
Def:
- a duty or function
- authorized form of divine service/worship
Sedulous
Type: Adjective
Def:
- diligent/active/persisten
Flag
Type: Verb
Def:
- to communicate with/signal/warn
- to mark
- to fall off in vigor/energy/activity
Asperity
Type: Noun
Def:
- crabbedness/bitterness/acrimony
Epoch
Type: Noun
Def:
- a fixed point in the reckoning of time
Inculcate
Type: Verb
Def:
- to teach forcibly
Nicety
Type: Noun
Def:
- a delicate/fin point
- precision
Subjugate
Type: Verb
Def:
- to make subservient/submissive
Supplication
Type: Noun
Def:
- humble/earnest petition/entreaty
Extenuate
Type: Verb
Def:
- to make thin/slender/weak
Posterity
Type: Noun
Def:
- all future generations of people
Oligarchy
Type: Noun
Def:
- a form of goverment w/all power vested in small group
Prosaic
Type: Adjective
Def:
- commonplace/dull/unimaginative
Evince
Type: Verb
Def:
- to show clearly/make evident/prove
Celerity
Noun
Def:
- Swiftness/speed
Factitious
Adjective
Def:
- artificial/contrived
Iconoclast
Noun
Def:
- person who attacks cherished beliefs/institutions
Temerity
Noun
Def:
- excessive boldness/rashness/recklessness
Irascible
Adjective
Def:
- easily provoked to anger
Prodigious
Adjective
Def:
- extraordinar in size/amount/etc.
Decorum
Noun
Def:
- That which is proper/dignified/suited
Demur
Verb
- to make objection (esp. due to morals)
Punctilious
Adjective
- excessively particular/correct for procedure/conduct
Derelict
Adjective
- left/deserted/abandoned
- neglectful of duty
Recondite
Adjective
- profound/difficult/abstruse subject matter
- esoteric
Remunerate
Verb
- to pay for work
Sundry
Adjective
- various or diverse
Efface
Verb
- to wipe out
- to make (oneself) inconspicuous
Epithet
Noun
- any word/phrase applied to a person/thing to describe an actual/attributed quality
* Richard the Lion-Hearted
Germane
Adjective
- closely related/relevant/pertinent
Inimical
Adjective
- adverse in tendency/effect
- unfavorable/harmful
Incumbent
Adjective
- currently occupying/having a position/post
Abrogate
Verb
- to abolish by formal/official means
- to put aside
- to put an end to
Opine
Verb
- to hold/express an opinion
Unforck
Verb
- to deprive a monk/priest of ecclesiastical rank
- to strip of a frock
Transpire
Verb
- to occur/happen
- to be revealed/become known
Wax
Verb
- to increase in extent/quantity/power
- to grow/become
Intemperate
Adjective
- immoderate
- extreme