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Floral Design: Techniques
Terms in this set (27)
The process of removing parts or pieces of plant material so as to distort or change the appearance. The positioning of plant material in unusual ways within a composition.
The process of compressing and tying plant material into a three dimensional geometric shape, simulating a bale of tied grasses or hay.
The process of using a decorative material, such as ribbon or wire to encircle a stem or stems in one or more precise rings. Typically used as a decorative accent but may sometimes serve a functional purpose. It may sometimes be applied to the container.
The process of finishing the foundation of a composition with intricate, textural details providing a decorative surface of materials from which the design emerges. Accomplished by techniques such as clustering, layering, terracing and pave and is typically employed in parallel systems and vegetative designs.
A basing technique using parallel or angled insertions of short-stemmed materials to create a uniform surface with little or no variation of depth. The technique may also be done with small fruits, berries or pods.
The placing of identical materials within a specific limited area with each material maintaining its individual identity. Some amount of space typically exists between each separate group.
The process of inserting a collection of small, textural flowers and or greens of a single kind closely together so that the individual components become indistinguishable from the total mass. Each component does not need to retain its individual identity.
The process of positioning like materials in a stair step fashion, creating spaced horizontal levels. Used to achieve depth within a composition and is frequently employed as a basing technique.
The process of gathering several similar materials together and inserting them in an arrangement as one unit, often used as a labor saving technique.
The functional process of tying or securing materials together with a binding material such as wire, ribbon, or string. May also serve as a decorative purpose.
A decorative process of interweaving three or more strands of fiber, ribbon, or foliage, etc by overlapping in a diagonal pattern.
The process of firmly tying a quantity of stemmed materials together, forming a radiating pattern above and below the binding point.
The process of using one or more materials to brace, support or prop another design component.
The process of completely encircling a flower, a bouquet or the edge of a container with foliage or other decorative materials, creating a finished appearance.
The process of using linear branches or flowers to showcase the materials within. Outlines and defines space and typically calls attention to the focal area of the design.
An interlocking series of bare branches or stems placed into a container as a natural mechanic for holding plant materials in place in a composition. Adapted from the techniques of traditional ikebana, these are often left exposed to enhance the aesthetic quality of the design.
A method of crossing and interweaving stems to form a framework for holding plant materials in position within a container. Successive stem placements result in a mechanically solid vase design, ensuring secure delivery. This technique can also be used for making hand tied bouquets.
The process of creating a decorative surface by applying foliage in an overlapping manner to give pattern and or texture to a container or other material by means of gluing, sewing, stapling, etc.
The placement of identical materials or groups of materials in a composition such that one appears to reflect the other.
The process of clustering rounded or dome shaped flowers or other materials into a tightly organized pattern of placement in a composition. May range from low, tight groupings used for basing to taller more prominent mounds. The result is a cushion base which resembles clouds, pillow, or rolling hills with depressions in between. Emphasizes the colors, textures, and shape for the whole group rather than the individual flowers.
The process of placing flowers or other materials in an orderly succession, with a gradual shift of some aspect such as color, light to dark, size, smallest to largest, or spacing between them. Can be utilized to achieve transition as well as rhythm.
The process of placing one or more materials over or around the others in a composition, lightly enclosing the materials within. Creates an impression of protection and gives greater depth to a design.
The process of placing like materials of a similar size and shape on top of one another in an orderly and vertical fashion, without space between the components. The technique may also be done in a horizontal manner, positioning a series of relatively flat materials next to each other, surface to surface. Effective in a presentation of numerous stacks of varying heights.
The process of modifying, altering, or adding detail to a material's appearance by trimming, gluing, stapling or pinning.
The process of interlacing strips or strands of materials in a crisscross fashion to construct a new dimensional pattern or sculptural form.
The process of covering a single stem or a bundle of stems from end to end with a decorative material, such as ribbon, raffia, wire, etc.
The process of segregating like materials to specific levels or three dimensional areas within the composition.
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