How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

29 terms

World Cultures

STUDY
PLAY
prehistory
the long period of time before people invented writing
artifacts
objects made by humans which historians used to learn details of the past
culture
the way of life of a society, which includes its beliefs, values, and practices
anthropology
the study of the origins and development of people and their societies
archaeology
the study of past people and cultures through their material remains.
nomads
people who move from place to place to find food
fertile crescent
a region of the Middle East named for its rich soils and golden wheat fields
mesopotamia
the area of land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, also means "between the rivers"
sumer
the world's first civilization developed in southeastern mesopotamia
hierarchy
system of ranking groups from high class to middle and the lowest class based on wealth
ziggurat
a large, stepped platform thought to have been topped by a temple dedicated to the city's chief god or goddess
cuneiform
the earliest known writing invented by the sumerians
acropolis
high city, with is great marble temples dedicated to different gods and goddesses
shrine
areas dedicated to the honors of gods and goddesses
fresco
watercolor paintings done on wet plaster
polis
city-state, idea by the greeks to govern each
strait
a narrow water passages that connect seas
homer
a blind poet who wandered from village to village, singing of heroic deeds
etruscans
greek colonists whose city sates dotted southern italy who lived mostly north of rome
republic
a form of government that would not allow an individual to gain too much power
patrician
members of the land-holding upper class
consul
supervised the business and government and command the armies
dictator
ruler who had complete control over a government
plebeian
farmers, merchants, artisans who made up most of the population
feudalism
loosely organized system of rule in which powerful local lords divided their landholdings among lesser lords
vassal
pledged service and loyalty to the lord
feudal contract
powerful lord granted his vassal a fief or estate
common law
a legal system based on custom and court rulings
jury
group of men sworn to tell the truth