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the long period of time before people invented writing
objects made by humans which historians used to learn details of the past
the way of life of a society, which includes its beliefs, values, and practices
the study of the origins and development of people and their societies
the study of past people and cultures through their material remains.
people who move from place to place to find food
a region of the Middle East named for its rich soils and golden wheat fields
the area of land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, also means "between the rivers"
the world's first civilization developed in southeastern mesopotamia
system of ranking groups from high class to middle and the lowest class based on wealth
a large, stepped platform thought to have been topped by a temple dedicated to the city's chief god or goddess
the earliest known writing invented by the sumerians
high city, with is great marble temples dedicated to different gods and goddesses
areas dedicated to the honors of gods and goddesses
watercolor paintings done on wet plaster
city-state, idea by the greeks to govern each
a narrow water passages that connect seas
a blind poet who wandered from village to village, singing of heroic deeds
greek colonists whose city sates dotted southern italy who lived mostly north of rome
a form of government that would not allow an individual to gain too much power
members of the land-holding upper class
supervised the business and government and command the armies
ruler who had complete control over a government
farmers, merchants, artisans who made up most of the population
loosely organized system of rule in which powerful local lords divided their landholdings among lesser lords
pledged service and loyalty to the lord
powerful lord granted his vassal a fief or estate
a legal system based on custom and court rulings
group of men sworn to tell the truth