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17 terms

Psychology - Treatments

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psychotherapy
a psychological intervention designed to help people resolve emotional, behavioral, and interpersonal problems, and improve the quality of their lives
paraprofessional
person with no professional training who provides mental health services
behavior therapists
therapist who focuses on specific problem behaviors and current variables that maintain problematic thoughts, feelings, and behaviors
systematic desensitization
patients are taught to relax as they are gradually exposed to what they fear in a stepwise manner
exposure therapy
therapy that confronts patients with what they fear with the goal of reducing the fear
dismantling
research procedure for examining the effectiveness of isolated components of a larger treatment
response prevention
technique in which therapists prevent patients from performing their typical avoidance behaviors
participant modeling
technique in which the therapist first models a problematic situation and then guides the patient through the steps to cope with it unassisted
token economy
method in which desirable behaviors are rewarded with tokens that patients can exchange for tangible rewards
aversion therapy
treatment that uses punishment to decrease the frequency of undesirable behaviors
cognitive behavior therapy
treatment that attempts to replace maladaptive or irrational cognitions with more adaptive, rational cognitions
group therapy
therapy that treats more than one person at a time
structural family therapy
treatment in which therapists deeply involve themselves in family activities to change how family members arrange and organize interactions
emperically supported therapies (ESTs)
treatments for specific disorders supported by high-quality scientific evidence
pharmacotherapy
use of medications to treat psychological problems
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
patients receive brief electrical pulses to the brain that produce a seizure to treat serious psychological problems
psychosurgery
brain surgery to treat psychological problems