Terms in this set (57)
Study of the biological and cultural unity and diversity
of humankind, past and present, throughout time and space
the study of material evidence of past human life
the scientific study of the structure, sounds, and meaning of language
the study of human biological variation in time and space; includes evolution, genetics, growth and development, and primatology.
The study of human society and culture; describes, analyzes, interprets, and explains social and cultural similarities and differences.
We look at sociocultural groups as a complex system with "moving parts"
There are not many cultural universals
The practice of trying to understand a culture on its own terms and to judge a culture by its own standards.
is judging culture on the basis of one's own culture
1. Biological Anthropolgy
2. Early Ethnography
3. "Culture and Personality" school
4. International Public Health Movement
these anthropologist looked at health and illness
they were trying to get an understanding of the life on the ground
"Culture and Personality" school
school of thought and group that investigated links between culture practices and the formation of national character
International Public Health Movement
public health workers went into villages to start sanitation projects
focuses on the biological approach to health and illness through human adaption
Applied Medical Anthropology
Study and advocating for the sociocultural groups we work with
Critical Medical Anthropology
analysis of structural factors of social inequality and oppression, through economy and media, affect health
Understand local meanings around health and illness.
Aurther Kienman made this and said that we need to understand the different ideas that can be at play of what caused the illness, how it got diagnosed, and how can we treat it
A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being
is what considers to be the most objective, diagnosable by expert
The experience of the suffering
How we demonstrate illness varies widely through:
3. recognition and interpretation
4. social context
Disturbances in the capacity for____ are often pathological highly individualistic contexts
Disturbances in the capacity for _________
Voodoo, social taboo etc.
belief set in motion through transgression social ties are cut off by community.
local systems of health and healing rooted in culturally specific norms and values. (Logical, patternized, and organized reflecting a larger culture "Geroge Foster")
Illness results from intervention of sensate agent. Example: God, ghost, ancestor
Illness is explained in impersonal and functional terms. (Example: chinese medicine)
Illness caused by strong emotions (example: evil eye)`
Stories of Sickness
-we are stories of our lives.
-can be nonverbal
-normality is defined by culture
-meaning-making when illness makes no sense
Stories do what 2 things?
2. draw others in
Recruitment into Healing
2. Selection by circumstance
3. Selection by others
individual specialized body of healing
Selection by Circumstance
come to be as marked by healer
Selection by others
community established healer, supernatural
a person [...] who has mastered spirits and can at will introduce them into his [or her] own body
-rural mountain people from areas in Laos; Shamans important to them (medicine man)
Transformation Rights of Passage
1. Separated by others
2. Separated by old self
3. Separated apart by costume
4. Set apart by behavior
Kleinman's 6 Questions
4. Natural history
Notions of episode of sickness/treatment employed by all par ties in clinical encounter
Performed by patients, families, social networks and communities and includes wide range of therapies
self-trained or apprentice healers. Performed by shaman, mediums, magicians etc.
practitioners and bureaucratic structures associated with both biomedicine and heterodox medical systems.
childhood understanding of the norms and cultural beliefs perceived and interpretation of the body.
1. body inner structure
2. body functions
3. shape size/ appearance
4. boundaries of the body
Inner body structure
shaped by the stories that we share with each other about the meaning of the body.
Dominative Medical System
reflect the class, racial, ethnic, and gender relations and inequalities of the wider society
The body is ___ as well as physical
What do we acquire from enculturization?
1. body inner structure
2. how the body functions
3. optimal size and shape of the body
4. boundaries of the body
Illnesses can ___ (or become more important than other parts of the body) ex: cancer, heart attack, stroke etc.
idea that health was dependent on four humors, where is balanced they are well. If unbalanced they are not well.
Examples of Optimal Shape/Size in other cultures
1. Ancient peru, the binding of head
2. Feet binding
3. Ringed neck
a physical and psychological concept from birth..
-Means by which our society and culture influences and controls physical functioning of individuals.
-Mary Douglas "natural symbols"
-Framework for making sense of physical and mental experiences: Cultural codebook for reality.
a largely collective entity that shapes all aspects of our bodies, body sizes, shapes, diet, posture, the ways we walk, behaviors when ill.
Individuals embody the culture they live in.
The process by which human conditions and problems come to be defined and treated as medical conditions, and thus become the subject of medical study, diagnosis, prevention, or treatment.