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Biology Ch 15 - 16 *

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amino acids and other organic molecules could have been generated on a lifeless Earth.
Miller was the first to show that
O2 (oxygen gas)
Which highly reactive gas was probably absent from the earth's primitive atmosphere?
lightning or intensive ultraviolet radiation
Experiments and chemical principles suggest that ______ powered the synthesis of complex organic compounds on prebiotic Earth
Protobionts
_____ are membranes containing concentrated organic molecules and have some lifelike properties, but are not alive
crust
Earth's continents and seafloors together form a thin outer layer of the planet called the
65 million years ago
It is estimated that the modern continents began to take shape
The collision of two continental plates
Th himalaya are an example of a mountain range formed as a result of
fossil lungfishes have been found on every continent except Antartica
Which of the following lines of evidence suggests that lungfishes evolved while Pangea was intact?
five ... 50%
Over the past 500 million years, _______ mass extinctions have occurred in which at least ______o f the species on Earth became extinct.
Permian
During the _______ over 96 of marina species and many terrestrial species became extinct, possibly because intense volcanic activity warmed Earth's climate
a thin layer of iridium-enriched clay in lat Cretaceous fossil strata.
One of the strongest lines of evidence of a meteor or comet impact in the late Cretaceous is
exaptation ... for some other function and only later became adapted for flight
The concept of _____ suggests that feathers originally evolved
homologous
Structures that evolved from the same structure in a common ancestor are
classify species in groups that reflect evolutionary relationships
Ever since Darwin, systematics has tried
genus, family, order, class, phylum
Which of the following options lists taxonomic categories in the correct order from most specific to most general?
North America and Eurasia
According to the figure, if a species were found only in Laurassia 135 million years ago, on which modern continents would its descendants most likely be found today?
a layered structure formed by cyanobacteria
A stromatolite are
streptococci
Cocci that occur in chains are called
rod-shaped bacteria
Bacilli
heterotrophs
_________ obtain carbon atoms from organic organisms
animals
The oldest known multicellular organisms include algae and ________ such as corals and worms
unicellular organisms
In all _______ all life functions happen in one cell
plants
Organisms moved onto land when green algae gave rise to
bioremediation
using bacteria to clean up the environment is called
nitrogen
Prokaryotes are important in a chemical cycle that makes ____ available to plants.
antibiotics
Most bacterial diseases can be treated with
peptidoglycan
Archaea cell walls lack
streptomycin
Bacteria are inhibited by