TCLEOSE STUDY GUIDE
Terms in this set (250)
That condition of the human organism that consists of its health and disease status and risk potential.
According to the Occupations Code, a person licensed as a peace officer must complete 40 hours of legislatively required continuing education training once every
According to Commission Rules, if a licensee's name is changed for any reason, such as marriage, divorce, or other court action, it must be reported to the Commission within _____ days
According to Commission Rules, if a current license holder is arrested for any offense above a Class C misdemeanor, the license holder shall report the facts of the arrest to the Commission in writing within
According to Commission Rules, the license of any licensee who does not meet the legislatively required continuing education by the expiration date will
Which of the following is an advantage of having the professional model for law enforcement?
More effective problem solving techniques
The expression or use of facts without distortion by personal feelings or prejudices is the definition of
Investigations relating to the deprivation of civil rights under color of law are usually conducted by the
Federal Bureau of Investigation
According to the Penal Code, a public servant acting under color of office or employment commits the offense of Official Oppression if the public servant
Intentionally subjects another to sexual harassment lly sub
The Sixth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
Gives the right to trial, open to the public
Cruel and unusual punishment are prohibited by which amendment?
According to the _____ Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, powers not specifically reserved to the federal government are reserved to the state government.
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, a _____ is an order issued by a judge directed to anyone having a person in their custody, commanding them to produce such person and show why they are in custody
Writ of habeas corpus
Which court case affirmed a person's right to free speech?
Dural V. City of Douglas
The 5th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution gives citizens the protection from_____.
The _____ Amendment limits the level of force that may be used to reasonable force.
The primary components of the American Criminal Justice System are _____.
Police, courts, and correctional
_____ is law that defines the personal and property rights of individuals.
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, which of the following is NOT a magistrate?
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, which of the following are NOT Texas peace officers?
Special agents of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, the Court of Criminal Appeals does NOT _____.
Review decisions of civil cases
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, the ______ courts shall have original jurisdiction of all misdemeanors of which exclusive original jurisdiction is not given to the justice court, and when the fine to be imposed shall exceed five hundred dollars.
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, a peace officer who investigates a family violence allegation or who responds to a disturbance call that may involve family violence shall advise any possible adult victim of all reasonable means to prevent further family violence, including _____.
Giving written notice of a victim's legal rights
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, which of the following is NOT a use of force option for dispersing a riot?
Use any defree of force
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, an affidavit made before a magistrate charging the commission of an offense is called a/an_____.
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, the security given by the accused that he will appear and answer before the proper court the accusation brought against him is known as _____.
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, a written statement of a grand jury accusing a person of an offense is a/an _____.
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, a person is arrested when the person has been ____.
Taken into custody
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, a written statement that is filed and presented on behalf of the State of Texas by a district attorney that charges a person with an offense that may be prosecuted according to law is called a/an _____.
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, a peace officer from another state may pursue a fleeing person into Texas and arrest them there, if the person is suspected of committing ______.
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, the time allowed for the execution of a search warrant shall be _____ whole days, exclusive of the day of issuance and the day of its execution.
3 whole days
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, which court has original jurisdiction over all felony cases?
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, what is a writ issued by a court directing any peace officer in the state, commanding him to arrest a person accused of an offense and bring him before that court immediately called?
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, appeals from the Justice Court are heard by the _____ Court.
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, what is the term for a written order from a magistrate, directed to a peace officer, commanding them to take the body of the person accused of an offense, to be dealt with according to law?
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, what is a law enforcement-initiated action based on an individual's ethnicity or national origin rather than the individual's behavior?
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, whenever a peace officer meets with resistance in discharging any duty imposed on him by law, he _____ command a sufficient number of citizens of his county to overcome the resistance.
_____ circumstances exist when there is not enough time to obtain a warrant and the officer must establish probable cause.
The right to have an attorney present during questioning was affirmed by _____.
Miranda V. Arizona
Persons found in suspicious places, and under circumstances which reasonably show that such persons are about to commit some offense against the laws may _____.
Be arrested without a warrant
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, a peace officer or any other person, may, without a warrant, arrest an offender when the offense is committed in their presence or within their view if the offense is classified as _____.
In U.S. v. Carroll, the Supreme Court upheld an officer's right to search a vehicle's trunk when the officers have _____.
Under temporary detention, a person _____ be required to identify himself.
The act of keeping back, or withholding, by design, a person, is the definition of _____.
The right of the officer to search the immediate area of control in a search incident to an arrest was affirmed in _____.
Chimel V. Calfornia
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, a search warrant is a written order, issued by a magistrate and directed to a peace officer, commanding him to _____.
Search for any property or thing and seize the same
Holding a person for a limited time who, as yet, is not answerable to a criminal offense is ____.
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, if a _____ from another state comes into or passes through this state under an order directing him to attend and testify in this or another state, he is not subject to arrest or the service of civil or criminal process because of any act committed prior to his arrival in this state under the order.
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, an officer must have _____ to believe the property is stolen to justify seizure of the property.
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, a peace officer may arrest, without a warrant, when a felony or breach of the peace has been committed in the presence or within view of a _____ and such person verbally orders the arrest of the offender.
_____ exists when the facts and circumstances known to the officer would warrant a prudent man believing that an offense has been committed.
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, what is the actual forcible detention of a person and other coercive measures to detain him within certain limits?
Which U.S. Constitutional amendment is the primary focus of the Miranda v. Arizona case?
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, a citizen may, without a warrant, arrest an offender when the offense is committed within their view is a _____.
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, which of the following, occurring in the presence of an officer, requires an arrest, even without a warrant?
There is a person the officer has probable cause to believe is violating a protective order
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, a peace officer may break down the door of any house for the purpose of making an arrest if he has been refused admittance after giving notice of his authority and purpose under which of the following circumstances.
The poisonous tree doctrine, which displays the notion that evidence obtained after illegal government action will be excluded from evidence, was affirmed in _____.
Wong Sun V. U.S.
You can frisk if there is _____ that the suspect may be in possession of a weapon.
When a search is conducted after a lawful arrest, within immediate control and contemporaneous with the arrest, the search is justified under _____ to lawful arrest.
What is generally considered to be that area of open space surrounding a dwelling, which is so immediately adjacent to the dwelling that it is part of the house?
According to the Penal Code, what is NOT part of the element of an offense?
admission of guilt
According to the Penal Code, in the case of an "exception to an offense," the burden of proof lies with the _____.
According to the Penal Code, a person acts _____, with respect to the nature of their conduct, when it is the conscious objective or desire to engage in the conduct or cause the result.
According to the Penal Code, a person is criminally responsible as a party to an offense if the offense is _____.
Committed by his own conduct
According to the Penal Code, what is an affirmative defense to prosecution that the actor was compelled by threat of serious bodily injury to engage in the proscribed conduct?
According to the Penal Code, a mistake of fact is _____.
A defense to prosecution
According to the Penal Code, in order to prove a case of public intoxication, a person must ____.
Appear in a public place while intoxicated to a degree the person may endanger himself/herself or another
A person is in the process of robbing a store when a customer enters and is shot and killed by the person. According to the Penal Code, what is the most serious offense committed?
A person abducts a child and demands a ransom for the child's release. The person gets scared and releases the child unharmed. According to the Penal Code, what is the most serious offense committed?
According to the Penal Code, what offense is committed when a person threatens to harm another, by an unlawful act, on account of their service as a witness or public servant?
Obstruction or retaliation
A person causes an explosion with intent to destroy or damage, and is reckless about whether the explosion will endanger the life of some individual. According to the Penal Code, the person has committed the offense of _____.
A person who, in the course of committing theft, intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly causes bodily injury to another, or places another in fear of imminent bodily injury or death, has committed what offense?
A person knowingly causes serious bodily injury to another in the course of committing theft. According to the Penal Code, what is the most serious offense committed?
A person breaks into an attached garage, breaks into a vehicle parked in the garage, and steals a $1,500 computer from the back seat. According to the Penal Code, what is the most serious offense committed?
According to the Penal Code, a person commits the offense of theft if they _____ appropriate property with intent to deprive the owner of the property.
A person removes a $450 price tag from a retail item, replaces it with a $200 price tag and pays the lower price. According to the Penal Code, the person has committed the offense of _____.
Fraudulent destruction, removal, or concealment of writing
A person steals a credit card with the intent to use it. According to the Penal Code, the person has committed the offense of _____.
Credit card abuse
A person knowingly prevents a writ from being served in a civil case. According to the Penal Code, the person has committed the offense of _____.
Preventing execution of civil process
A person enters the county commissioners' meeting and begins to shout obscenities. According to the Penal Code, that person has committed the offense of _____.
Disrupting meeting or procession
According to the Penal Code, a person who knowingly solicits another to engage in sexual conduct with another person for compensation commits the offense of _____.
Promotion of prostitution
According to the Penal Code, a person who intentionally operates or participates in the earnings of a gambling place has committed the offense of _____.
According to the Penal Code, what is the definition of a deadly weapon?
Anything that, in its manner of intended use, is capable of causing serious bodily injury
According to the Penal Code, all persons are presumed to be innocent, and no person may be convicted of an offense unless each element of the offense is proven _____.
Beyond a reasonable doubt
According to the Penal Code, which of the following persons is NOT permitted to carry, on or about their person, a handgun?
A person carrying large sums of money
A person intentionally or knowingly abducts another person with the intent to use them as a shield or hostage. According to the Penal Code, the person has committed the offense of ______.
A person intentionally or knowingly restrains another person. According to the Penal Code, the person has committed the offense of _____.
A person intentionally or knowingly abducts another person. According to the Penal Code, the person has committed the offense of _____.
A person engaged in sexual contact with a child younger than 17 years of age, who is not their spouse, and is more than 3 years older than the child. According to the Penal Code, the person has committed the offense of _____.
Indecency with a child
A person intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly causes bodily injury to another, including the person's spouse. According to the Penal Code, the person has committed the offense of _____.
A person intentionally or knowingly causes the death of an individual. According to the Penal Code, the person has committed the offense of _____.
A person recklessly causes the death of an individual. According to the Penal Code, the person has committed the offense of _____.
A person operates an amusement ride while intoxicated, and by reason of that intoxication causes the death of another by accident or mistake. According to the Penal Code, the person has committed the offense of _____.
According to the Penal Code, which of the following is a "short barrel" firearm?
A shotgun with an overall length of less than 26 inches
According to the Penal Code, which of the following is NOT covered in Section 46.02, "unlawfully carrying weapons?"
A person, not the operator, knowingly possesses an open container (of alcohol) in a passenger area of a motor vehicle that is located on a public highway. According to the Penal Code, the person has committed the offense of _____.
Possession of alcoholic beverage in motor vehicle
According to the Penal Code, a license, certificate, permit, seal, title, letter of patent, or similar document issued by a government, by another state, or by the United States is a _____.
A person is in possession of a burning tobacco product in an elevator. According to the Penal Code, what offense has been committed?
A person retains a child younger than 18, knowing this violates the express terms of a judgment. According to the Penal Code, what offense has been committed?
Interference with child custody
According to the Penal Code, conduct merely affording a person an opportunity to commit an offense does not constitute _____.
According to the Penal Code, a person is justified in using deadly force against another when and to the degree he reasonably believes the deadly force is immediately necessary to _____.
prevent the others imminent commission of robbery
According to the Transportation Code, an operator intending to turn a vehicle right or left shall signal continuously for not less than the last _____ feet of movement of the vehicle before the turn.
According to the Transportation Code, a motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained primarily to transport property, is the definition of _____.
According to the Transportation Code, a motor vehicle designed and used primarily as a farm implement to draw an implement of husbandry is the definition of a _____.
. According to the Transportation Code, a vehicle that is not designed or used primarily to transport persons or property and that is only incidentally operated on a highway, is classified a/an____.
. According to the Transportation Code, an individual, association, corporation, or other legal entity that controls, operates, or directs the operation of one or more vehicles that transport persons or cargo over a road or highway in this state is a/an _____.
. According to the Transportation Code, before a violation for expired registration exists there is a _____ grace period after expiration.
5 working days
. According to the Transportation Code, a divided, controlled-access highway for through traffic is the definition of a _____.
According to the Transportation Code, an improved shoulder is defined as a _____.
According to the Transportation Code, the period beginning one-half hour before sunrise and ending one-half hour after sunset is _____.
. According to the Transportation Code, an injury to any part of the human body and that requires treatment is a _____.
A person disposes of litter on the public highway. According to the Health and Safety Code, what offense has been committed?
According to the Transportation Code, a temporary prohibition against driving a commercial motor vehicle is what type of order?
out or service
. According to the Transportation Code, an operator approaching a railroad grade crossing shall stop if a railroad engine approaching within approximately _____ feet of the highway crossing emits a signal audible from that distance.
According to the Transportation Code, an operator emerging from an alley shall stop the vehicle _____.
Before moving on a sidewalk
According to the Transportation Code, an operator may not, except momentarily to pick up or discharge a passenger, stand or park an occupied or unoccupied vehicle within how many feet of a fire hydrant?
According to the Transportation Code, an operator giving hand signals shall give them from _____.
The left side of the vehicle
. According to the Transportation Code, an operator may not drive at a speed greater than is reasonable and _____ under the circumstances existing
According to the Transportation Code, a vehicle equipped with hazard lamps to warn other vehicle operators of a vehicular traffic hazard shall have the lamps visible at a distance of at least _____ feet in normal sunlight.
. According to the Transportation Code, a turn signal lamp mounted on the rear of a vehicle shall emit _____ light.
Red or amber
According to the Transportation Code, unless expressly provided otherwise, a lighting device or reflector mounted on the rear of a vehicle must be or reflect _____.
According to the Transportation Code, an operator may not follow an ambulance closer than _____ when it is displaying headlights.
. According to the Transportation Code, what is the minimum light transmission percentage allowable for window tinting?
According to the Transportation Code, a motor vehicle is abandoned if the motor vehicle is inoperable, is more than 5 years old, and has been left unattended on public property for more than _____ hours.
According to the Transportation Code, a buyer's temporary cardboard tags are valid for _____ days after the date of purchase.
According to the Transportation Code, which of the following is a recognized way to establish the financial responsibility required for the operation of a motor vehicle?
According to the Transportation Code, a _____ is the width between the boundary lines of a publicly maintained way, any part of which is open to the public for vehicular traffic.
Highway or street
According to the Transportation Code, an operator moving around a rotary traffic island shall drive only to the _____ of the island.
. According to the Transportation Code, an operator passing another vehicle shall return to an authorized lane of travel before coming within _____ feet of an approaching vehicle, if a lane authorized for vehicles approaching from the opposite direction is used in passing.
According to the Transportation Code, it is unlawful to operate an open bed pickup truck with a child younger than _____ in the open bed.
According to the Transportation Code, an operator shall dim headlights when an approaching vehicle is within _____ feet.
According to the Penal Code, sexual harassment is an element of which offense?
According to the Penal Code, _____ is failing to return to custody following a temporary leave for a specific purpose.
Peace officers are granted the authority to use force by the Texas _____.
. According to the Penal Code, deadly force is NOT justified to _____.
Prevent someone from committing suicide
According to the Penal Code, an amount of force that is intended or known by the actor to cause, or in any manner of its use or intended use is capable of causing, death or serious bodily injury is ____.
According to the Penal Code, the threat of force is justified only when _____.
The use of force is justified
. According to the Penal Code, a person who uses force against another may be _____ liable, if the force is justified.
Civilly but not criminally
According to the Penal Code, even though an actor is justified in using deadly force against another, if in doing so he recklessly kills an innocent third party, the justification is _____ in a prosecution for the reckless killing of the innocent third party.
According to the Penal Code, the use of force, but not deadly force, against a child younger than _____ years of age is justified if the actor is the child's parent.
. According to the Penal Code, a person is justified in using deadly force against another _____.
If a reasonable person in the actors situation would not have retreated
. According to the Penal Code, the use of force against another when and to the degree they reasonably believe the force is immediately necessary to protect themselves against the other's use or attempted use of unlawful force, is justified as _____.
Handcuffs are only a _____ restraining device.
. One of the advantages of the rear approach to suspects is _____.
. When handcuffing two suspects together with one set of handcuffs, it is recommended to handcuff _____.
left hand to left hand
The SARA problem solving method includes _____.
According to the Transportation Code, the operator of an authorized emergency vehicle may exceed a maximum speed limit as long as the operator does not _____.
endanger life or property
Fatigue poses a threat to safe driving by causing _____.
longer reaction time
This is one of the most frequent contributors to law enforcement collisions.
_____ generally refers to groups of people with common ancestry and physical characteristics.
. Having an adverse judgment or opinion formed beforehand or without knowledge of or examination of the facts is _____.
. _____ is an organized and relatively unchanging combination of a person's knowledge and feelings about someone, or something that influences him/her to behave in a certain way in regards to that person.
Within in the traditional police service model, most decisions are made at the management and mid-management level with little _____ involvement.
Every law enforcement officer is a crime prevention officer by the technical definition as well as by the _____ responsibilities of the job.
Speed, mobility, and visibility increase preventative potential, and are advantages of _____ patrol.
When an officer is alone, more _____ is devoted to patrol functions and duties.
A/An _____ is able to take in everything around a given situation and then sort out the relevant from the irrelevant.
Patrol officers should practice the technique of refraining from using the word "_____" during the violator interview while conducting vehicle stops.
. If possible, during a felony stop, offset the police vehicle to the _____ of the suspect's vehicle.
Investigations and arrests after the occurrence of a crime are considered ______.
Operation "ID" encourages citizens to mark their property with their _____ number.
Which part of the 7-step violator contact method affords the violator an opportunity to explain or justify the violation?
statement of violation committed
Conducting property checks, questioning suspicious persons, varying patrol patterns, and maintaining high visibility best describe _____.
. Proactive anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk and the action needed to remove or reduce that risk is crime _____.
. Flexibility where the use of motorized vehicles is impractical, high visibility, and intense patrol are some advantages of _____.
One of the objectives of patrol is to _____.
preserve the peace
. The two types of problem area patrol are _____ and _____.
Mail boxes, utility poles, automobiles, and brick walls are all examples of _____.
The normal response to trauma follows a similar pattern called the _____.
Physical arousal associated with fight or flight cannot be sustained; eventually it will result in _____.
According to the Family Code, _____ is an act by a member of a family or household against another member of the family or household that is intended to result in physical harm, bodily injury, assault, or sexual assault.
According to the Family Code, a protective order is effective for the period stated in the order, not to exceed _____.
Up to 80% of crisis situations can be diffused through _____.
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, a magistrate may extend the detention period on a person who is arrested in the prevention of family violence by a period not to exceed _____ hours.
According to the Family Code, _____ means an act by an individual that is against another individual with whom that person has had a dating relationship and that is intended to result in physical harm.
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, a peace officer _____ arrest, without a warrant, a person the peace officer has probable cause to believe has violated a protective order, if the offense is committed in the presence of the peace officer.
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, a peace officer may request a magistrate's order for emergency protection at a defendant's appearance before a magistrate after an arrest for _____.
an offense involving family violence
The single most common factor in suicide is _____.
A common stereotype about all persons with mental illness is that they are _____.
Which of the following is NOT a route of exposure to hazardous materials?
. The fact that all substances, in the right amounts, become toxic is the basis of the _____ concept.
According to the Health and Safety Code, a flammable material, an explosive, a radioactive material, a hazardous material, a toxic substance, or related material is the definition of _____.
_____ is a route of exposure to hazardous material by being cut or abraded by a contaminated object.
One of the effects that a hazardous material event has on the environment is _____.
temporary damage to the water system
. According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, what information should the arresting officer collect from a victim of family violence, at the time of arrest, to allow for an attempt to give personal notice to that victim of the imminent release of the accused offender?
address and telephone number
Wet evidence such as bloodstains, semen, and mud must be _____.
allowed to dry before packaging
. During the processing of a crime scene, what potential problem should be taken into consideration when determining how an area will be searched?
physical characteristics of the area to ve searched
The first officer responding to an offense against a person should be observant of the _____ upon arrival at the scene.
persons and vehicles in the area
_____ of witnesses is when witnesses, including officers, are ordered by the judge to leave the courtroom, stay close to the courtroom, and not discuss the case with other witnesses or jurors.
During the _____ examination the prosecutor elicits facts from the officer, who directs his testimony to the jury or judge.
The _____ sketch is useful when no camera is available.
. In order to facilitate proper orientation of a crime scene sketch, _____.
an arrow pointing to the north must e present
A/An _____ is the explanation of symbols used to identify objects in the sketch.
When conducting a crime scene search, a strip search is among the most effective for _____ searches.
. The object of a crime scene search is to locate physical evidence and to _____.
determine what crime was committed
When a seriously injured victim is still conscious upon an officer's arrival, the officer should _____.
obtain proper identification of the victim
Sexual assaults are acts of _____.
The standard used to determine the guilt or innocence of a person criminally charged is _____.
. _____ includes all means by which an alleged fact is established or disproved.
The legal significance of evidence rests in its influence on the _____.
The legal significance of evidence rests in its influence on the _____.
. The lawful search for people, land, or things useful in reconstructing the circumstances of an illegal act or omission and the mental state accompanying it is a/an _____.
. Examples of _____ are what you see, hear, or smell that indicates there may be criminal activity.
According to the Transportation Code, an "unmarked crosswalk" only exists _____.
According to the Transportation Code, a person has a disability if they have a/an _____ that substantially impairs the person's ability to ambulate.
According to the Rules of Civil Procedure, the document that commands a sheriff or constable to take into their possession the property, if to be found in their county, and keep the same subject to further orders of the court, is known as a writ of _____.
According to the Rules of Civil Procedure, a distress warrant may be filed with a _____.
Justice of the peace
According to the Rules of Civil Procedure, a citation may normally be served on any day except a _____.
According to the Property Code, a writ instructing the tenant and all persons claiming under the tenant to leave the premises immediately is a writ of _____.
According to the Alcoholic Beverage Code, a mixed beverage permittee may normally sell and offer for sale mixed beverages between the hours of _____ on any day except Sunday.
7 a.m. and midnight
According to the Health and Safety Code, a substance that has an addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability similar to morphine or is capable of conversion into a drug having addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability is classified as a/an _____.
According to the Health and Safety Code, inhalant paraphernalia seized as a result of an offense is subject to _____.
The major classifications of drugs include narcotics, depressants, stimulants, and _____.
According to the Health and Safety Code, _____ means a principal compound commonly used or produced primarily for use in the manufacture of a controlled substance.
According to the Family Code, the taking of a child into custody is not considered a/an _____ except for the purpose of determining the validity of a search.
When may a child be fingerprinted when taken into custody?
for conduct that constitutes a felony or misdemeanor punishable by confinement in jail
According to the Family Code, a child who is accused, adjudicated, or convicted for conduct that would not, under state law, be a crime if committed by an adult is a _____.
A peace officer taking a juvenile into custody may dispose of the case without referral to the juvenile court if _____.
the officer is following the guidelines of his her department
According to the Family Code, the duty of a parent to support his or her child exists while the child is a/an _____.
According to the Family Code, _____ means the adult with whom the child resides.
According to the Family Code, a child may be detained in a juvenile processing office only for _____.
the issuance of warninigs to the child
According to the Family Code, a child is defined as a person who is at least _____ years of age and under 17 years of age.
According to the Family Code, the absence of a child on three or more days or parts of days within a four-week period from school is _____.
Conduct indicating a need for supervision
Field notes give an officer the advantage of being able to _____.
provide more details in reports and testimony
Brief notations concerning specific events and circumstances that are recorded while fresh in the officer's mind and used to prepare a report are _____.
Chronological reports organize information by _____.
when each thing happened
That degree of influence the officer must exert over the violator to take him or her safely into custody is known as ____.
_____ are obstacles to effective communication, and officers should try to eliminate them if possible.
Which of the following is one of the helpful tools used in verbal persuasion?
One of the tools an officer uses to maintain a psychological and physical edge is _____.
The good faith defense for an officer is enhanced when following the _____ of the department.
A police supervisor has a/an _____ duty to intervene to stop officers who are engaging in excessive force in their presence.
Which of the following is NOT a consideration used by the courts to determine if unreasonable force was used?
area in which offense occurred
When two officers are interviewing one subject, the second officer's position should be______.
to the right or left ahead of the primary officer
Which of the following is a force option?
Weaponless strategies include _____.
Which of the following is considered a risk factor in the physical process of arrest?
Justification of baton use includes _____.
physical stature of offender
Which court case dealt with warning shots?
Jones v. Wittenberg University
The Commission requires a minimum of _____ rounds for basic handgun qualification.
. The minimum firearms qualification is established at what percentage of the total possible score?
Research has shown that an effective way to improve one's skill in problem solving is to work in small groups, think aloud, and _____.
learn from each other
It is important to be aware of one's _____, so that one can double check decisions to ensure accurate and fair decision-making.
Characteristics of the police subculture are _____.
secrecy and solidarity
Within in the traditional police service model, most decisions are made at the management and mid-management level with little _____ involvement.
Prevention of crime is the soundest of all _____ theories.
All of the following are persistent symptoms of increased arousal in post traumatic stress disorder except _____.
Which of the following is not one of the elements of a victim's reaction to crime?
To prevent the disqualification of family violence victims from receiving crime victim compensation, officers should arrest the _____ instead of arresting both parties when responding to family violence calls.
According to the Health and Safety Code, before a peace officer may take a person believed to be mentally ill into custody without a warrant, the officer's belief must be based on all of the following except _____.
request of a person
Which of the following is NOT a necessary duty when conducting a preliminary investigation?
Release evidence to the property owner