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Film Elements and Terminology
Terms in this set (29)
What is included within the boundaries, or margins, of the shot.
A shot TAKEN FROM SOME DISTANCE that SHOWING THE FULL SUBJECT and perhaps the surrounding scene as well.
The IMAGE BEING SHOT TAKES UP AT LEAST 80% OF THE FRAME. What does the lighting symbolize?
This shot falls between a long shot and close-up' people are seen from the WAIST UP. This is HOW WE TYPICALLY VIEW OTHERS.
camera movement techniques
How the director MOVES THE ENTIRE CAMERA to communicate important information to the audience.
A stationary camera moves left or right.
A stationary camera moves up or down.
The CAMERA IS STATIONARY but the LENS MOVES, making the OBJECTS APPEAR TO GROW LARGER OR SMALLER. ____ CREATES INTIMACY.
The CAMERA IS MOVING with the action-- on a track, on wheels, or held by hand.
camera angle techniques
How the director places the camera in relation to the subject being filmed.
Camera shoots subject from below; makes the SUBJECT LOOK LARGER than normal-- STRONG, POWERFUL, THREATENING
Camera is above the subject; makes the SUBJECT LOOK SMALLER than normal -- WEAK, POWERLESS, TRAPPED
Accounts for 90 TO 95 PERCENT OF THE SHOTS seen because it is the MOST NATURAL; camera is even with the key character's eyes
Shot that is TILTED SIDEWAYS to ADD TENSION or create a SINISTER OR DISTORTED VIEW of a character
A shot of a person looking, then a cut to what he or she saw, followed by a cut back for a reaction.
When the director MANIPULATES the CAMERA LENS to communicate important information to the audience
When the director INTENTIONALLY puts his or her object SLIGHTLY OUT OF FOCUS, making the image appear softer or a bit fuzzy.
When a director SHIFTS THE FOCUS from one object to another within the same shot in order to DIRECT THE AUDIENCE'S ATTENTION.
How the director uses light to set a tone, affect mood, create intrigue, demonstrate a conflict.
scene is FLOODED WITH SHADOWS and darkness; CREATES SUSPENSE OR SUSPICION.
bottom or side/front or rear
Direct LIGHTING FROM BELOW OR FROM ONE SIDE; often dangerous or evil-looking.
Techniques to transitions from scene to scene, connects scenes, or deal with time shifts
Manipulations once the film has been shot.
A transitional device; scenes can ____ to black or white, or they can ____ to a another images or setting. Often implies that flashback/flashforward.
An IMAGE FADES INTO ANOTHER SIMILAR IMAGE; can CREATE A CONNECTION between images.
Cut to ACTION THAT IS HAPPENING SIMULTANEOUSLY in two different locations.
Sound that could be HEARD LOGICALLY BY THE CHARACTERS within the film: Ex - music playing in the background of a scene
Sound that could not be heard by characters; SOUND GIVEN DIRECTLY TO THE AUDIENCE by the director - Theme songs, scary music, etc.
internal diegetic sound
Sound that can be heard only WITHIN THE MIND OF ONE CHARACTER - The audience hearing a character's thoughts
This term comes from the theater to describe what appears in the scene ... helps audiences suspend their disbelief.
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