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The Roaring Life of the 1920s
Terms in this set (49)
the era that prohibited the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages. 18th Amendment
The largest population increase during the 1920s occurred in America where?
movement of African Americans from South to northern cities
Why was it hard to enforce prohibition?
people were determined to break the law, people made own alcohol, not enough money to enforce the law, law enforcement official took bribes from smugglers & bootleggers
Who supported prohibition?
rural areas, small-town, religious rural white Protestants. Organized crime syndicates also supported because they made lots of money from it.
NOT recent immigrants
According too Fundamentalists, alcohol caused?
urban slums, child abuse, crime
hidden saloons and nightclubs that illegally sold liquor
smuggler who brought alcohol in from Canada and the Caribbean
What happened to the crime rate?
Religious movement based on the belief that everything written in the Bible was literally true
attorney who defended John Scopes for teaching evolution in school
Scopes Monkey Trial
Trial of John scopes for teaching evolution. John Scopes, a young Biology teacher from Tennessee, challenged the Tennessee law making it a crime to teach evolution.
What is the significance of Scopes Trial?
It highlighted the struggle between science and religion in American schools
theory stating that plant and animal species had developed and changed over millions of years and humans had evolved from apes.
belief that God made the world and all its life forms, including humans in 6 days.
John T. Scopes
Biology teacher from Tennessee who challenged Tennessee law forbidding the teaching of evolution
William Jennings Bryan
attorney who was the prosecutor for Scopes trial
young woman who embrace the new fashions and values of the 1920s. Emancipated young woman who held new independent attitudes and liked the sophisticated new fashions of the day. Wore make-up, short skirts, short hair, excess jewelry, smoked, drank, & danced to new music.
stricter social and moral standards for woman than men in the 1920s
What allowed women to shed old roles in the 1920s?
equal wages paid for women and men, new managerial positions that were open to women, equality in the business world.
NOT work opportunities provided by new industrial economy
Charles A. Lindberg
first person to fly solo across the Atlantic. Fly from NYC in The Spirit of St. Louis to Paris.
Concert music Composer merged jazz with traditional elements creating music with a new American sound. Influenced by both the music of Louis Armstrong and traditional music
artist showed the grandeur of NYC later became famous for paintings of the Southwest.
artist who painted the loneliness of American life
Prominent writers of the 1920s held what type of view of US society?
1st American to win a Nobel Prize for Literature. Novels: Main Street and Babbitt made fun of middle-class America's conformity and materialism.
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Novelist described the 1920s as the Jazz Age. Novels: This Side of Paradise and The Great Gatsby showed the negative side of the age.
phrase Fitzgerald used to describe the 1920s
Edna St. Vincent Millay
Poet who celebrated youth and freedom from traditional restrictions.
Novelist who introduced a tough, simple style of writing that changed American literature.
Novelist lived abroad because disliked American culture. Called the American novelists who lived in Paris the "Lost Generation". The Lost generation included Fitzgerald and Hemingway.
American novelists (Stein, Hemingway, Fitzgerald) living in Paris who criticized American culture.
Nation Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Worked to end violence against African Americans. Fought for legislation to protect African Americans, works with anti-lynching organizations and publish the magazine The Crisis
W.E.B. Du Bois
led peaceful protest against racial violence
James Weldon Johnson
Poet and civil rights leader. Lead the NAACP to protect African Americans. Led fight to get laws against lynching passed by Congress. No law passed but lynchings decreased.
Black nationalist leader from Jamaica. Formed a black nationalist group called UNIA. Urged African Americans to return to Africa to set up an independent nation. Believed African Americans should build a separate society.
Universal Negro Improvement Association. A black nationalist group started by Marcus Garvey.
A literary and artistic movement that celebrated African-American culture. In the 1920s, many African Americans, blacks from West Indies, Cuba, Puerto Rico and Haiti moved to Harlem. Harlem became the world's largest black urban community. The literary movement led by well educated blacks took pride in their African heritage and their people's culture.
Harlem Renaissance writer who wrote The New Negro
Poet who wrote about the pain of prejudice and urged African Americans to resist discrimination
Poet who wrote about the daily lives of working-class blacks. he wove the tempos of jazz and blues into his poems
Zora Neale Hurston
Anthropologist and author, famous female writer who collected folklore of poor Southern blacks
Actor, singer, and civil-rights leader. Starred in Eugene O'Neill's play The Emperor Jones and in Shakespeare's Othello
Born in the early 20th century in New Orleans where musicians blended instrumental ragtime and vocal blues together.
Trumpet player, Jazz musician, helped spread jazz music from New Orleans to the North.
jazz pianist and composer, Jazz musician, led 10 piece orchestra in Harlem's CottonClub night club, jazz pianist and one of the nation's greatest composers
Female Blues Singer, outstanding vocalist of the decade, highest-paid black artist in the world
famous dancer, singer and comedy star in Paris
1st woman to fly solo across the Atlantic, in a record time of about 15 hours from Newfoundland to Ireland.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
USH Chapters 14 & 15
US- Chapter 16
USH: Chpt 18, 20, 22
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