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a word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word
example: she dives [into] the pool
what is the difference in infinitive phrases and prepositional phrases?
infinitive phrase is a verbal phrase
a subordinate clause that modifies a noun or pronoun
ex: We feel bad for our friends [whose luggage was lost]
a subordinate clause that modifies a verb, adjective, or adverb
ex: As long as we were there, we helped them look for clothes
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity
what is the difference between a subordinate and an independent clause?
independent has a complete thought; subordinate doesn't
if a subordinate clause is essential, what does this mean?
it is needed to complete the thought of the sentence
if the subordinate clause is nonessential, what does this mean? what punctuation will it have?
it is not needed to complete the thought of the sentence; it is punctuated with a comma
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