52 terms

The End War in Western Europe & Holocaust

Japanese Internment
Japanese-Americans who were considered a threat to be traitors, sent off (by law) to camps
Japanese internment camps in California
Manhattan Project
code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 by Roosevelt to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II.
Albert Einstein
under the OSRD & created penecillin, the miracle drug , ddt, & pesticides.
Robert Oppenheimer
United States physicist who directed the project at Los Alamos, Mexico that developed the first atomic bomb.
Office of Scientific Research and Development; made improvements in sonar and radar, along with pesticides and penicillin. Worked on the Manhattan Project.
Navajo Code Talkers
Native Americans from the Navajo tribe that used their own language to make a code for the U.S. military that the Japanese could not understand due to the rapid speaking.
Women's Auxiliary Army Corps. Women volunteering for the army would not be given the same rank, pay, or benefits as men who were doing the same thing as them.
Oveta Culp Hobby
Director of the Women's Army Corps during World War II; she held the rank of colonel and later became the second woman cabinet member, serving as secretary of health, education, and welfare.
distributing goods to consumers in a fixed amount
Japanese Aggression
Japan took over Churlia & then attacked china and was called raped of manjin; US set up an embargo
Pearl Harbor
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II.
Dec 7, 1941
Pearl Harbor was Attacked
systematic killing of a racial or cultural group
Battle of Stalingrad
Soviet and German armies fought over the the rich oil field. Soviets came out victorious.
Operation Torch
Allied invasion of North Africa; September 1942-1943
General Eisenhower
American general who commanded operation torch
General Erwin Rommel
legendary desert fox; led the Afrika Korps.
Bloody Anzio
1944. allied attack on Sicily, launched attack from northern Africa, aided by 50,000 Italian peasants, Hitler is the only enemy left to defeat in Europe.
June 6 1944, Normandy, France, Allied invasion of Western Europe; Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
Omaha and utah
US attack these places
Sword, Juno, Gold Beaches
Britain and Canada attack these shores
June 6, 1944
Date of the allied invasion on the beaches of Normandy
Operation Overlord
the code name for the Allied invasion of Europe at Normandy on June 6, 1944; also known as D-Day
Atlantic wall
concrete fortification used as a barrier to protect Germans
Hedge Hog
prevent vehicles from coming ashore
soldiers came off these pick-up truck boats
the first city the allies took from Hitler; city in western Germany near the Dutch and Belgian borders, Capital of Charlemagned's empire, a city in present day Germany
Battle of Bulge
WWII battle in which German forces launched a final counterattack in the west
V-E day
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
May 8, 1945
Germans surrendered
Yalta Conference
FDR, Churchill and Stalin met. Russia agreed to declare war on Japan after the surrender of Germany and in return FDR and Churchill promised the USSR concession in Manchuria and the territories that it had lost in the Russo-Japanese War
paratroops were scattered and the Germans couldn't react quick
Japanese spy at Pearl Harbor
hideki tojo
Prime minister of Japan during World War II
2 waves
primary and secondary
USS Arizona
sank in 9 minutes with 1177 crew aboard; stands as the memorial to Pearl Harbor
pearl harbor movie
Attack ordered by Hideki Tojo to destroy the American fleet. Did much damage, but did not destroy the fleet. America then declared war on Japan
Master race
star of david
symbol of the Jewish religion
Night of Broken Glass, Nov 9 1938 night when the Nazis killed or injured many jews & destroyed many jewish property
where the Jewish people were forced to live
concentration camp
a situation characterized by crowding and extremely harsh conditions
extermination camp
a camp where prisoners were sent to be executed
multi-ethnic military force of the 3rd reich
one of the most brutal concentration camps in which the Jews were severely persecuted by the Nazi Party
largest camp
first camp liberated by the soviets
boy in the stripped pajamas
little boy becomes friends with a Jew in a concentration camp
general omar bradley
US general; led breakout from beaches into occupied France after D-Day
city around which the battle of the bulge was fought