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Ch. 27 Sections 3-5 Comprehension
Terms in this set (11)
Why did the war on the Western Front turn into a stalemate?
The war turned into a stalemate because both sides dug into trenches for the winter, and this dragged on for four years.
Describe three ways new technology affected the war.
•The rapid fire machine guns mowed down troops
•Artillery allowed troops to shell enemies from miles away
•Poison gas caused troops to get blisters, choke, or get blinded → death
What role did Europe's overseas colonies and dominions play in World War I?
Europe's overseas colonies and dominions were brought into the war, by providing troops, laborers, supplies, and also German colonies were overran by the Allies, bringing them into the war.
What measures did wartime governments take to control: National economies, Public opinion
•National economies: Governments inquired military conscription, set up a forced civilian labor system, raised taxes, borrowed huge amounts of money, rationed food and other products, they set prices, and forbid strikes.
•Public opinion: Countries kept the public from knowing complete casualty figures and discouraging news, and waged a propaganda war by making up tales of atrocities committed against each other.
What impact did wartime failures have on Russia?
The impact that wartime failures had on Russia included incompetent generals and corruption, which destroyed public confidence. People as a result, rioted which turned into a huge revolution in St. Petersburg, overthrowing the Czar. This reformed the government completely.
Why did the United States declare war on Germany?
The U.S. declared war on Germany for a number of reasons. German submarine warfare had grown unrestricted, and attacked vessels leased by the U.S. and carried American passengers. People also felt more unified with the Allies since they shared a common culture, but finally, after the Zimmerman note was released, anti-German feeling arose greatly in the United States and the cry for war was high.
What impact did American entry have on the war?
With the Americans in the war, few soldiers got into combat, however they proved themselves to be good and efficient. The Americans also gave the needed boost to the weary allies, to be able to push the Germans back once and for all.
Describe conditions in Europe after World War I.
The conditions in Europe were terrible. A pandemic spread across Europe, more than 8.5 million casualties, reparations were needed badly, and political turmoil resulted, with European governments collapsing, and colonies looking for more independence.
Identify three issues to be settled at the Paris Peace Conference.
•The lands to have been handed to Italy secretly, which violated the principle of self-determination
•People which demanded states of their own, had territories which overlapped
•The conflicting demands → led to Wilson standing strong on the point of the International League of Nations
How did Woodrow Wilson's goals at the peace talks differ from those of other Allied leaders?
Wilson's talks differed from other Allied leaders because he had a true vision for peacekeeping, and enlightening hope in people. He was an urging reformer, and by creating the 14 points, he pushed for peace and let people know of his goal.
How did the peace treaties both follow and violate Wilson's principle of self-determination?
The peace treaties violated the principle of determination in the way that self-determination was placed in for Europe, and not in the outer territories - known as the system of mandates, also the principle was violated when the Italian prime minister insisted in the secret giving of lands to Italy. However the peace treaties followed self-determination in Eastern Europe, when the German, Austrian, and Russian empires fell, many nations emerged. However Eastern Europe remained a center of conflict, with respect to the self-determination principle.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
World History chapter 26
WH2: Chapter 28
History Ch. 27 Sections 1 & 2 Comprehension
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