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42 terms

Geography Vocab 7th Grade

Final Review
STUDY
PLAY
Chernozem
the rich black topsoil found in the North European Plain, especially in Russia and Ukraine
Collective Farm
an enormous farm in the Soviet Union on which a large team of laborers were gathered to work together during Joseph Stalin's reign.
Canopy
The area encompassing the tops of the trees in a rain forest, about 150 feet above the ground
Czar
the emperor of Russia prior to the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the subsequent creation of the Soviet Union in 1922
Cash Crop
A crop grown for direct sale, and not for use in a region, such as coffee, tea, and sugar in Africa
Commodity
An agricultural or mining product that can be sold
Constitutional Monarchy
A government in which the ruler's powers are limited by a constitution and the laws of a nation
Command Economy
A type of economic system in which production of goods and services is determined by a central government, which usually owns the means of production
Rai/Raj
a kind of Algerian music developed in the 1920s by poor urban children that is fast paced with danceable rhythms
Rift Valley
a long, thin valley created by the moving apart of the continental plates, present in East Africa, stretching over 4,000 miles from Jordan in Southwest Asia to Mozambique in Southern Africa.
Wadis
riverbeds that remain dry except during the rainy seasons
Mosque
An Islamic place of worship, where Muslims pray facing toward the holy city of Mecca
Mandala
any of various geometric designs (usually circular) symbolizing the universe
Dynasty
A series of rulers from the same family
Desertification
An expansion of dry conditions to moist areas that are next to deserts
Drip Irrigation
the practice of using small pipes that slowly drip water just above ground to conserve water to use for crops
Desalinization
The removal of salt from ocean water
Diversify
to increase the variety of products in a country's economy; to promote manufacturing and other industries in order to achieve growth and stability
Shogun
the general of the emperor's army with the powers of a military dictator, a position created by the Japanese emperor in 1192 after a struggle between two powerful clans
Supra
Georgian/Russian term for dinner party, with many dishes and courses, toasts, and short speeches.
Stateless Society
one in which people use lineages, or families whose members are descended from a common ancestor, to govern themselves
Salt Flat
flat land made of chemical salts that remain after winds evaporate the moisture in the soil
Storm Surge
high water level brought by a cyclone that swamps low-lying areas
Samurai
A professional soldier in Japan who served the interests of landowners and clan chiefs
Oasis
A place where water from an aquifer has reached the surface; it supports vegetation and wildlife
Tsunami
A giant ocean wave, caused by an underwater earthquake or volcanic eruption, with great destructive power
Theocratic
a form of government where religious leaders control the government, relying on religious law and consultation with religious scholars
Taiga
a nearly continuous belt of evergreen coniferous forests across the Northern Hemisphere, in North America and Eurasia
Typhoon
A tropical storm, like a hurricane, that occurs in the western Pacific
Economic Tiger
a country with rapid econmic growth due to cheap labor, high technology, and aggresive exports
Estuary
A broadened seaward end of a river, where the river's currents meet the ocean's tides
Escarpment
A steep slope with a nearly flat plateau on top
Nomad
a person with no permanent home who moves according to the seasons from place to place in search of food, water, and grazing land
Apartheid
a policy of complete separation of the races, instituted by the white minority government of South Africa in 1948
Alluvial Plain
land that is rich farmland, composed of clay, silt, sand, or gravel deposited by running water
Archipelago
A set of closely grouped islands
Atoll
A ringlike coral island or string of small islands surrounding a lagoon
Yurt
A tent of Central Asia's nomads
Privatization
The selling of government-owned businesses to private citizens
Fossil Water
Water pumped from underground aquifers
Caste System
the Aryan system of social classes in India and one of the cornerstones of Hinduism in which each person is born into a caste and can only move into a different caste through reincarnation.
Cyclone
A violent storm with fierce winds and heavy rain; the most extreme weather pattern of South Asia