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93 terms

HISTORY 1301 FINAL EXAM

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People migrated
west for many reasons, but NOT because agricultural prices were rising.
National Road
first great federal Transport Project.
Canals
liked sea port with river/lakes.
Erie canal
First canal in America, popular hero of 1820-30's was the "self made man"
Andrew Jackson
nickname was "OLD HICKORY"
Jackson's attitude towards Native Americans
they should be removed beyond white settlement.
Nullification Crisis
foreshadowing of Civi war; Sc wanted to nullify federal law within their state.
Lyman Beecher
behind the Temperance Movement (no alcohol).
Charles Finney
Manipulative minister during the 2nd GREAT AWAKENING.
Catherine Beecher
campaigned to make school teaching a woman's occupation.
Dorothea Dix
lobbied for prison and asylum reform.
Liberia
colony for freed slaves.
Grimke Sisters
abolitionist daughters of South Carolina plantation owner.
Abolitionist daughters of a South Carolina plantation owner.
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Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Early women's rights activist.
Missouri coms in as a free state!!
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Missouri compromise
outlawed slavery in the Louisiana purchase other than in Missouri-angered the South
Monroe Doctrine
Reflected American attitudes towards the old world: had no affect on Europe!
Monroe
associated withing the era of good feelings.
South was not economically self sufficient; depended on north capital, manufactured goods and marketings facilities.
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Less than 1% of whited in the South were great planters.
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Nat turner
let horrific up spring in the 1831.
The God song
told slaves how to escape the North, basically the North star.
Past resistance
Running away, breaking things, and pretending to be sick.
Folk tales
emphasized Running and desire to survive.
Slave sermons
asserted their right to be free.
Underground railroad
ways to the North for fugitive slaves.
Harriet Tubman
most famous conductor on the underground rail road.
Rancheros
wealthy California landowners.
General Santa Anna
Mexican precedent, fought against the Texans.
The Alamo
last stand of some Texans agains the Mexican Army.
Sam Houston
defeats Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto.
Battle of San Jacinto
Gave Texas its independence.
Donner Party
Pioneers who almost didn't make it to California.
Joseph Smith
Founded the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day saints (Mormons)
Brigham Young
let Mormons out to Utah
Manifest Destiny
Justification for American expansion.
Zachary Taylor
won the Battle of Buena Vista.
Gadsden Purchase
southern part of AZ and NM for rail road construction.
Railroads
transformed the American economy more than anything else during the mid 19th century.1800
Irish came to America
because of the potato famine in Ireland.
Popular sovereignty
allowed settles to decide whether or not to allow slavery into their territory/state.
Stephan douglas
wanted to organize territory(kansas Nebraska) to start building a transcontinental RR.
To settle KN
Douglas had to agree to repeal the Missouri Compromise.
Popular sovereignty
did NOT work in KN.
Know
Nothing party- political party based on nativism very anti-immigrant.
Abolitionists
grew in # in the 1830'
William Lloyd Garrison-
dedicated Abolitionist, published "the Liberator"
"liberator"
william lLloyd garrison wrote this paper was truly against slavery.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
wrote Uncle Toms Cabin.
"Uncle Toms Cabin
Fiction book, who talked about slavery."exaggerated"
John Brown
Rabid anti-slavery zealot, led raid on Harper's Ferry, murdered slave owners in cold blood.got HUNGED
Dred Scott Case
Declared the Missouri Compromise.
Unconstitutional
Roger Taney was Chief Justice; Court Fist had to decide of Scott was a citizen or not.
Hinton Rowan Helper Helperism
Wrote "The impending crisis of the South" which called for lower class whites to abolish slavery.
Lincoln Election
Pushed south Carolina into Seceding.
Less than 1% of whites in the south were called
"Great Planters".
South Carolina
first state to secede.
Lincoln won due to massive support in the North; Democrats were to divided.
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Republican party
Popular due to its position on slavery in the territories, it was a Northern party.
Confederate Capital
was originally at Montgomery, AL.
Confederated government didn't have enough power to rule effectively, it was all given to the States: they did NOT have a strong central government.
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Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America.
Alexander Stephens
Vice Press of CSA.
FT. Sumter, SC
first shots of Civil War were fired, united the North against the South.
Confederate capital moved to Richmond, VA.
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Civil war fought over whether or not the Union was divisible.
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Anaconda Policy
Winfield Scott's Strategy for defeating the South.
Pres. Davis was not capable of handling the problems on the home front.
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Antietam
Bloodiest one day battle o the Civil War.
Missouri was NOT part of the Confederacy.
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Robert E. Lee
The most famous Conferrable General
The Battle of Bull run was a Northern victory
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The North did not have familiar terrain to help them during the war.
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General McClellan
overly cautious and slow
Emancipation Proclamation
Freed slaves in Confederate controlled areas only.
13th Amendment -
fostered by the heroism of Black Troops; outlawed slavery in the United States.
Lincoln gave Gettysburg Address.
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Copperheads
northerners who wanted peace at any price
William Tecumseh Sherman
led the infamous March to the Sea through Georgia.
Appomattox Court House
Where Lee surrendered to Grant.
John Wikes Booth
Succeeded Lincoln as President; impeached but not convicted.
Andrew Johnson
succeeded Lincoln as Precident; Impeached but not convicted.
Black Codes
restricted the freedoms of the Blacks
Reconstruction
the Process of rebuilding the South.
Ku klux klan
original goal was to keep blacks from voting.
Gaybriel Prosser
led slave upspring in 1801, was wiped out by hurricane.
Denmark Vesey
Planned slave upspring in SC.
David Walker
wrote about how slaves worldwide should rise up and overthrow their owners.
Lawrenc Kansas
capital of the Free state faction.
Henry Clay
Brains behind the Compromise of 1850.
Comp of 1850
abolished slave trade in DC.
Abolitionists Enterprise
Really prompted the South to start closing down.