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English Literary Terms

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simile
A figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, (e.g., as brave as a lion)
metaphor
A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable without using like or as, (e.g., She has a heart of gold)
personification
The attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form, (e.g., She did not realize that opportunity was knocking at her door)
alliteration
A literary device in which two or more consecutive words (or words that are nearby in the same sentence) start with the same letter, (e.g., Peter Piper picked a pack a pickled peppers)
repetition
It is the simple repeating of a word, within a sentence or a poetical line, with no particular placement of the words, in order to emphasize, (e.g., I heard slow, creaky footsteps getting LOUDER AND LOUDER AND LOUDER... Someone was coming to get me)
hyperbole
Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally, (e.g., I could sleep a year)
sensory details
Details that describe what is seen, heard, smelled, tasted, or touched, (e.g., I heard the birds chirping so loud I almost woke up panicked in the morning)
irony
The expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect, (e.g., It was ironic that the fire station burned down)
imagery
Visual images collectively, (e.g., On a starry winter night in Portugal...)
symbolism
The use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities, (e.g., Life is a roller-coaster: This is symbolic because it indicates that there will be ups and downs in life that you have to weather)