69 terms

H US History I Final

old questioins from tests and quizzes
One of the first lessons learned by the Jeffersonians after their vicotry in the 1800 presidential election was
that it is difficult to carry out campaign promises consistently when in office
Though Jefferson won the popular and electoral vote, a strange deadlock led to the election being decided
in the House of Representatives
Jefferson's "Revolution of 1800" was most remarkable because it
marked the peaceful and orderly transfer of power on the basis of election results accepted by all parties
As president, Jefferson learned that many of the political principles he had promoted
had to be reversed under the pressure of political realities
Upon becoming president, Jefferson and the Republicans in Congress immediately repealed
the excise tax on whiskey
When it came to the major Federalist economic programs, Jefferson as president
left practically all of them intact
Jefferson believed his mission as president did NOT include
supporting the establishment of a strong army and navy
Jefferson distrusted large proffesional armies because they
could be used to establish a dictatorship
As chief Justice of the U.S. John Marshall helped to ensure that
the political and economic systems were based on a strong central government
Many Jeffersonians were angered when President Adams in his final days in office made several personnel moves which were called
midnight judges
To what branch of government did Adams assign several people during his final days in office
What is judicial review
Supreme Court can deem any passed law as unconstitutional
On which piece of legislation did William Marbury base his lawsuit against Madison
Judiciary Act of 1789
On what grounds did the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court issue his ruling in the case of Marbury vs Madison
The judiciary branch should not have the power to tell any other branch to do their job
How did buying the Louisiana Purchase conflict with Jefferson's political philosophy
He was spending a lot of money and his strict construction view of the Constitution did not allow him to purchase foreign land
the case of Marbury vs Madison raised the question of who had the right to
declare an act of Congress unconsitutional
Jefferson sent 2 envoys to France in 1803 with the essential goal of
purchasing New Orleans to make it secure for American shippers
Lewis and Clark demonstrated the viability of
an overland trail to the Pacific
After the defeat at Tippecanoe, Tecumseh and his supporters
formed an alliance with the British against the Americans
Tecumseh argued that Indians should
never cede control of land to whites unless all Indians agreed
Tecumseh was killed in 1813 at the
Battle of the Thames
James Madison and the more moderate Republicans turned to war because
they believed it was the only way to restore confidence in America's national experiment with republicanism
To deal with British and French violations of American neutrality, Jefferson
pushed through an embargo on all American foreign trade
By 1810, the most insistent demand for a declaration of war against Britain came from
white frontierspeople from the West and South
During the War of 1812, the New England states
provided supplies and financial aid to the British cause
Seafaring New England opposed the War of 1812, but not because
they fared a Canadian invasion of New England
Future president who negotiated with and killed Indians
William Henry Harrison
2 politicians who had powerful influence in Congress and were called
Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun. they were called war hawks
The ______ felt that Jefferson's embargo was a deliberate attempt to weaken their economic well-being and considered it a political move
After killing Alexander Hamilton in a duel, _____ engaged in a plot to seperate the U.S.
Aaron Burr
The most devastating defeat suffered by the Britsh in the War of 1812 was the
Battle of New Orleans
The Battle of New Orleans
provided American diplomats with a large bargaining chip at Ghent
The delegates at the Hartford Convention did not aim to achieve
a New England veto over all federal legislation
Henry Clay's call for federally funded roads and canals was referred to as
The American System
Democratic-Republicans opposed Clay's plan
because they believed it was unconstitutional
One of the major causes of the panic of 1819
was overspeculation in frontier lands
The result of the Missouri Compromise was
except for Missouri slavery was banned north but the issue of slavery expansion was not resolved
The guiding inspiration behind the Monroe Doctrine was
Secretary JQA's determination that America not be locked into British foreign policy
At the time it was issued, the Monroe Doctrine
was a mere presidential declaration incapable of being enforced by the United States
The essential policy of the Jackson adminastration toward Indian tribes was
forced removal to the west because whites wanted the Indians' land
The Panic of 1837 was not caused by
taking the country off the gold standard
Americans moved into Texas
from the South and Southwest under an agreement between Mexican authorities and Stephen Austin
The initial attempt to bring Texas into the Union was thwarted by
northern anitslavery forces
Showdown between Andrew Jackson and South Carolina declared the 1832 tariff null and threatened secession if the federal government tried to collect duties
Nullification Crisis
Irish immigrants that came to the U.S. in 1840s
were almost all Roman Catholic and stayed in cities because they were too poor to buy western land
Native-born Americans distrutsted the Irish
because they were Catholic, so the nativists organized the Order of the Star Spangled Banner
Slaves fought slavery but not by
conducting periodic successful slave rebellions
After 1830, southerners increasingly argued that
slavery was a positive good endorsed by the Bible
John Tyler joined the Whig party primarily
because he resented the dictatorial tactics of Jackson
In the 1840s, the view that God ordained the growth of the U.S. going across North America
was called Manifest Destiny
Arguement from Abraham Lincoln asking where U.S. troops had been shot that had started the Mexican War
"spot resolutions"
Northern Whigs who opposed slavery on moral grounds and were against the adding of Texas as a slave state and the Mexican War
Conscience Whigs
The largest single addition to American territory in American history was
the Mexican Cession
The Wilmot Provisio
said slavery would be banned in the Mexican Cession areas and stirred up the issue of slavery in territories
Early 19th century politicians refused to discuss
the subject of slavery
Popular sovereignty allowed
people in territories to vote if slavery would be allowed
People worried that the admission of California
would tip the balance of free and slave states on way or the other
Northern unionists called this man a traitor for his speech encouraging compromise
Daniel Webster
The Compromise of 1850 allowed slavery in Utah and New Mexico to be
decided by popular sovereignty
The Fugitive Slave Law
set high penalties for anyone who aided escaped slaves and compelled law enforcement to help track down slaves
James Buchanan won the election of 1856
because of threats by southerners to secede if a Republican was elected
"Bleeding Kansas" indicated the complete failure
of popular sovereignty in the territories
The Dred Scott decision ruled that
slaves were not citizens and Congress did not have the power to outlaw slavery in any territory
Lincoln's initial declaration that the North fought only to preserve the Union and not to abolish slavery was made
essentially to keep the Border States in the Union
The Confederacy
had to fight a defensive battle to win the war and had better generals but had to deal with a weak economy
The North
had a good economy but suffered from poor generals
The Confederacy believed that Britain would help them in the Civil War because
Britain was economically dependent on Southern cotton
Northern Democrats who were anitwar and proslavery and criticized Lincoln
Protests against unfair system of choosing usually poorer Northern men
draft riots