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bilingual education

strategy in which school subjects are taught in both the learner's original language and the second (majority) language


A social-group classification based on a combination of race, religion, social class, and regional residence

ethnicity paradox

the maintenance of one's ethnic ties in a way that can assist with assimilation in larger society

life chances

Max Weber's term for the extent to which individuals have access to important societal resources such as food, clothing, shelter, education, and health care.

respectable bigotry

Michael Lerner's term for the social acceptance of prejudice against White ethnics, when intolerance against non-white minorities is regarded as unacceptable


the enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next


the belief in the inherent superiority of one's own ethnic group or culture


a term used by sociologists to refer to any of the full range of socially defined positions within a large group or society

ascribed status

a social position a person receives at birth or takes on involuntarily later in life.

achieved status

a position that is earned, accomplished, or involves at least some effort or activity on the individual's part

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