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U.S History Final Exam 8th grade 2012 By: Aubrey Dunlap 3rd hour
Flash cards for studying the exam.
Terms in this set (100)
area along which rivers form waterfalls or rapids as the rivers drop to lower land
a branch that flows into the main stream
the shore of a sea or ocean
half of the earth usually referred to as eastern or western; northern or southern
body of land jutting into a lake or ocean, surrounded on three sides by water
part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline, generally smaller than a gulf
a large ice mass that moves slowly down a mountain or over land
a large body of water constituting a principal part of the hydrosphere; consists of salt water
a division of an ocean or a large body of salt water partially enclosed by land
a body of (usually fresh) water surrounded by land
the state capital of Alaska
the capital and largest city of Wyoming
St. Paul, MN
capital of Minnesota
the capital and largest city of Indiana
the capital of the United States in the District of Columbia
a midwestern state in north central United States in the Great Lakes region; capital is Lansing
a Midwest state in north-central United States; capital is Springfield
a state in southern United States on the Gulf of Mexico; capital is Barton Rouge
a state in southeastern United States between the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico; capital is Tallahassee
Declaration of Independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
The document written in 1787 and ratified in 1788 that sets forth the institutional structure of the U.S. government and the tasks these institutions perform. It replaced the Articles of Confederation.
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, containing a list of individual rights and liberties, such as freedom of speech, religion, and the press.
The capital of the United States
a private meeting of party leaders to choose candidates for office
7th president of the US; successfully defended New Orleans from the British in 1815; expanded the power of the presidency; he was apart of the Democratic Party
a vote that blocks a decision
characterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is divided between one central and several regional authorities
approve and express assent, responsibility, or obligation
the branch of government that enforces and carries out the laws
the branch of government that interprets the laws and determines whether they are constitutional
the branch of government that makes the laws
The amount of years a Senator serves
The amount of years a Representative serves
a proposed law.
Where bills and other possible laws go to
the upper house of the United States Congress
the legislature of the United States government; a meeting of elected or appointed representatives
the right to vote; a legal right guaranteed by the 15th amendment to the US constitution
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
How is a representation in the Senate chosen?
They are elected by popular vote
How is representation in the House of Representatives chosen?
The Senate elects the people they want to run.
What is the Executive branch's role with laws?
They enforce and carry out laws
What is the Legislative branch's role with the laws?
They make laws
What is the Judicial branch's role with laws?
They decide if the laws are constitutional.
United States slave who sued for liberty after living in a non-slave state
16th President of the United States saved the Union during the Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)
withdraw from an organization or communion
Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free
President of the Confederate States of America
capital of the state of Virginia located in the east central part of the state; served as the capital of the Confederate States
abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (1800-1858)
The concept that a States people should vote whether to be a slave state or Free
Robert E. Lee
Confederate general who had opposed secession but did not believe the Union should be held together by force
Tomas J. Jackson
Confederate General. 2nd most well known commander after Robert E Lee. earned the nickname "Stonewall" from the 1st battle of bullrun. Tries to attack DC .
Ulysses S. Grant
an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War.
Sherman's March to Sea
Sherman and some 60000 troops set out to march across Georgia; burnt cities and destroyed everything.
any state prohibiting slavery prior to the Civil War
any of the southern states in which slavery was legal prior to the Civil War
the period from the present until death
freedom of choice; personal freedom from servitude or confinement or oppression
The Pursuit of Happiness
It is the right of citizens in the American constitutional democracy to attempt to attain "pursue" happiness in their own way, so long as they do not infringe upon the rights of others.
The good of the community as a whole.
difference, variety; a condition of having many different types or forms
Separation of Powers
the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
an advocate who represents someone else's policy or purpose
Freedom of Religion
a civil right guaranteed by the 1st amendment to the US constitution
Freedom of Speech
a civil right guaranteed by the 1st amendment to the US constitution
Freedom of the Press
the right of journalists to publish the truth without restriction or penalty; in the first amendment
Freedom to Petition the Govt.
This is the final clause of the 1st ammendment.
-If the govt provides a permit to one group, they cannot refuse a permit for another group.
Separation of Church & state
The policy of keeping government and religious functions separate
Who had the right to vote in the Colonies?
White, Male, Landowner, Church Member, over 21
policy of extending a nation's boundaries
the nineteenth century policy of the government of the US to remove Native American tribes living east of the Mississippi River to lands west of the river
the belief that the U.S. should extend all the way to the pacific ocean
A boat powered by a steam engine that turns a large paddle wheel.
loyalty to the interests of a particular region
migration into a place (especially migration to a country of which you are not a native in order to settle there)
a machine that separates the seeds from raw cotton fibers
of or pertaining to Andrew Jackson or his presidency or his concepts of popular democracy
land bridge that connected Asia and North America
a political and social system that developed during the Middle Ages; nobles offered protection and land in return for service
A series of holy wars from 1096-1270 AD undertaken by European Christians to free the Holy Land from Muslim rule.
English Bill of Rights
document that gave England a government based on a system of laws and a freely elected parliament
Proclamation of 1763
law forbidding english colonists to settle west of the appalachian mountains
1765 Stamp Act
required tax stamps on all kinds of paper materials
Olaudah Equiano- Middle Passage
sold into slavery at age 11; after gaining freedom, he spoke out against slavery and published his autobiography
The first bloodshed of the Amercan Revolution, as British guards at the Boston Customs House opened fire on a crowd killing five americans
Boston Tea Party
protest against increased tea prices in which colonists dumped british tea into boston harbor
information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause
an act passed by the British that allowed British troops to live in the homes of the colonists
Sam Adams and John Hancock
The leaders of the Son's of Liberty
the 24 zones of different time into which the Earth is divided
goods brought into a country
Goods and Services sold to other countries
Date the Declaration of Independence was signed?
The United States Citizenship Test (also called "civics exam") is a required step in the Naturalization process. Most applicants for United States citizenship are required to pass the Citizenship Test.
Dates of things that have happening out of Pop. Culture. Like Inventions, Population, ect.
Freedom of Assemble
The First Amendment;
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