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279 terms

Medical Word Roots:Prefixes, Suffixes, and combining forms

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a-, an-
absence, lack
ab-
departing from; away from
acou-
hearing
acr-, acro-
extreme, extremity
ad-
to, toward
aden-, adeno-
gland
aero-
air
af-
toward
alb-
white
amphi-
on both sides; of both kinds
ana-
apart, up, again
angi-
vessel
ant-, anti-
opposed to; preventing, inhibiting
ante-
preceding; before
ap-, api
tip, extremity
append-
hang
aqua-, aque
water
areola-
open space
arthr-, arthro-
joint
artic-
joint, points of connection
atri-
vestibule
aut-, auto-
self
ax-, axi, axo-
axis, axle
azyg-
unpaired
basal
base
bi-
two
bio-
life
blast-
bud, germ
brachi-
arm
brev-
short
broncho-
bronchus
bucco-
cheek
caput-
head
carcin-
cancer
cardi-, cardio-
heart
carneo-
flesh
caud-
tail
cele-
abdominal
cephal-
head
cerebro-
brain, especially the cerebrum; pertaining to the brain and spinal cord
cervic, cervix
neck
chondr-
cartilage
cili-
small hair
circum-
around
clavic-
key
co-, con-
together
coel-
hollow
commis-
united
contra-
against
corn-, cornu-
horn
corona
crown
corp-
body
cort-
bark, outer layer
cost-
rib
crani-
skull
crypt-
hidden
cubit
the elbow
cusp-
pointed
cyst-
sac, bladder
cyt-
cell
de-
undoing, reversal, loss, removal
decid-
falling off
delta
triangular
den-, dent-
tooth
dendr-
tree, branch
derm-
skin
di-
twice, double
dia-
through, between
dors-
the back
duc-, duct
lead, draw
dura-
hard
dys-
difficult, faulty, painful
ec-, ex-, ecto-
out, outside, away from
ef-
away
en-, em-
in, inside
endo-
within, inner
entero-
intestine
epi-
over, above
erythr-
red
eu-
well
exo-
outside, outer layer
extra-
outside, beyond
extrins-
from the outside
fasci-, fascia-
bundle
fenestra-
window
fontan-
fountain
foram-
opening
foss-
ditch
gangli-
swelling or knot
gastr-
stomach
germin-
grow
glosso-
tongue
glute-
buttock
gon-, gono-
seed, offspring
hema-, hemato-, hemo-
blood
hemi-
half
hepat-
liver
hetero-
different, other
hist-
tissue
holo-
whole
hom-, homo-
same
hyal-
clear
hydr-, hydro-
water
hyper-
excess
hypno-
sleep
hyster-, hystero-
uterus
ile-
intestine
im-
not
infra-
below
inter-
between
intra-
within
ipsi-
same
iso-
equal, same
jugul-
throat
kera-
horn
labi-, labri-
lip
lact-
milk
lacun-
space, cavity, lake
lamell-
small plate
lamina
layer, sheet
lat-
wide
later-
side
leuko-
white
lingua-
tongue
lip-, lipo-
fat, lipid
luci-
clear
lumen
light, center of hollow structure
lut-
yellow
lymph
water
macro-
large
magn-
large
mal-
bad, abnormal
mamm-
breast
mast-
breast
medi-
middle
medull-
marrow, middle
mega-
large
meningo-
membrane
meso-
middle
meta-
beyond, between, transition
metro-
uterus
micro-
small
mito-
thread, filament
mono-
single
morpho-
form
multi-
many
myelo-
spinal cord, marrow
myo-
muscle
narco-
numbness
necro-
death
neo-
new
nephro-
kidney
neuro-
nerve
noto-
back
ob-
before, against
oculo-
eye
odonto-
teeth
olfact-
smell
oligo-
few
oo-
egg
ophthalmo-
eye
orb-
circular
ortho-
straight, direct
osteo-
bone
oto-
ear
ov-, ovi-
egg
oxy-
oxygen
pan-
all, universal
papill-
nipple
para-
beside, near, beyond
pariet-
a wall
pect-, pectus
breast
pelv-
a basin
peni-
a tail
pep-, peps-, pept-
digest
peri-
around
phago
eat
phleb-
vein
pia
tender
pin-, pino-
drink
pleur-
side
plex-, plexus
net, network
pneumo-
air, wind
pod-
foot
poly-
multiple
post-
after, behind
pre-, pro-
before, ahead of
procto-
rectum, anus
pseudo-
false
psycho-
mind, psyche
pulmo-
lung
pyo-
pus
quad-, quadr-
four
re-
back, again
rect-
straight
ren-
kidney
retro-
backward, behind
ruga-
fold, wrinkle
sagitt-
arrow
sarco-
flesh
sclero-
hard
semi-
half
septum
a fence, divider
serrat-
saw
sin-, sino-
a hollow space
soma-
body
splanchn-
organ
squam-
scale, flat
steno-
narrow
stroma
spread out
sub-
beneath, under
super-
above, upon
supra-
above, upon
sym-, syn-
together, with
synerg-
work together
tachy-
rapid
telo-
the end
templ-, tempo-
time
teres
round, smooth
therm-
heat
tissue
woven
tox-
poison
trab-
beam, timber
trans-
across
tri-
three
troph-
nourish
tuber-
swelling
vas-
a vessel, duct
venter-, ventr-
abdomen, belly
villus
shaggy hair
viscero-
organ, viscera
-able
able to, capable of
-ac
referring to
-algia
pain in a certain part
-ary
associated with, relating to
-ceps
the head
-cide
destroy, kill
-cipit
head
-clast
break
-crine
separate
-ectomy
cutting out, surgical removal
-ell, -elle
small
-emia
condition of the blood
-esthesi
sensation
-ferent
carry
-form, -forma
shape
-fuge
driving out
-gen
an agent that initiates
-glea, -glia
glue
-gram
a record
-graph
an instrument recording data or writing
-ia
condition
-iatrics
medical specialty
-itis
inflammation
-lemma
sheath, husk
-logy
the study of
-lysis
loosening or breaking down
-malacia
soft
-mania
obsession, compulsion
-odyn
pain
-oid
like, resembling
-oma
tumor
-opia
defect of the eye
-ory
referring to, of
-pathy
disease
-phil, -philo
like, love
-phobia
fear
-plasm
form, shape
-plasty
reconstruction of a part, plastic surgery
-plegia
paralysis
-rrhagia
abnormal or excessive discharge
-rrhea
flow, discharge
-scope
instrument used for examination
-stalsis
compression
-stasis
arrest, fixation
-stomy
establishment of an artificial opening
-tomy
to cut
-ty
condition of, state
-uria
urine