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DICOM Digital Imaging and Communication in Medicine
is the exclusive international standards body for the transfer of radiologic images and other medical information between computers; all PACS use this; embrace the use of JPEG and MPEG;
resulted from a joint effort between the American College of Radiology and the National Electrical manufacturers Association starting in 1983; subsequently it became an independent organization and a global standards body; the current version of the standard v3.0 was published in 1993
a single file contains both a header (which stores information about the patient's name, the type of scan, image dimensions, etc. as well as all of the image data; most common standard for receiving scans from a hospital
National Council for Prescription Drug Programs (NCPDP)
is an ANSI acccredited SDO representing virtually every sector of the pharmacy services industry; has been named in US federal legislation, including HIPPA, the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement and Modernization Act, and in the meaningful use requirements
NCPDP Key standards
telecommunication Standard and batch standard, the SCRIPT standard for electronic prescribing and manufacturers rebate standard
Other NCPDP standards
financial information reporting standard, a billing unit standard, a medicaid subrogation standard, a formulary and benefit standard, a post adjudication standard and a prescription file transfer standard
Institute of electrical and electronic engineering IEEE
creates standards for medical devices; works collaboratively with ISO, CEN, HL7 and DICOM to create these standards and contributes greatly to interoperability; standards referred to as point of care standards
created a family of standards that defines the entire seven layer communications requirements for the medical information bus; produced waveform standards; working on personal device standards
what all the IEEE standards are identified by; referred to as the family of standards; the specific identification number is a five digit number that identifies the type of standard; ISP rules title is health information class purpose
Types of IEEE standards
guidelines/information/background, point-of-care standards, transport profile, application profile
, interface profile, models, and nomenclature
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