97 terms

Chapter 11, Urinary, part 1

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kidney
ren-o (renal)
nephron
nephr-o
ureter
ureter-o ( ureter-al)
bladder
cyst-o (cyst-ic), vesic-o (vesic-al)
urine
urin-o (unrin-ary)
between the kidneys
inter-ren-al
pertaining to outside the bladder
extra-cyst-ic
pertaining to the bladder and the ureter
vesico-ureter-al, cysto-ureter-al, uretero-cyst-ic
cavity in the kidney that collects urine from many collecting ducts is the renal
pelvis
a tube that carry urine to the bladder is a/an
ureters
the tube that caries urine from the bladder is the
urethra
The ---- is the functional unit of the kidney
nephron
the---- is the reservoir for urine until it expelled
bladder
the filtering structure of the kidney is the
glomerulus
reabsorption occurs in structures called the
tubules
the external opening of the urethra is the
urinary meatus
abnormal condition of urinary tract
uro-pathy
disorder affecting the blood vessels of the kidney
reno-vascular disorders
excretion of an abnormally large quantiy of urine
poly-uria
difficult of painful urination
dys-uria
excreting less than 500 mL of urine per day
olig-uria
excreting less than 100 mL of urine per day
a-nuria
difficulty in beginning of the flow
hesitancy
holding of the urine, incomplete empty bladder
urinary retention
abnormal backward or return flow of urine from the bladder into the ureters
urinary reflux
inability to control urination
urinary inconti-nence
nocturnal bed-wetting
enuresis
excessive urination at night
Noct-uria, nyct-uria
disorder is characterized by enlarged kidneys containing many cyst
poly-cyst-ic
accumulation of waste product in the blood
ur-emia
presence of blood in the urine
hemat-uria
destruction of kidney
nephro-lysis
malignant neoplasm of the kidney occurring in young children
Wilms tumor
urethra hemorrhage
urethro-rrhagia
discharge of the urethra
urethro-rrhea
pertaining to being destructive to the kidney
nephro-tox-ic
loss of control of the passage of urine from the bladder
urinary incontinence
inflammation of the urethra and bladder
urethro-cyst-itis or cysto-urethr-itis
disease of the ureter
uretero-pathy
inflammation of a ureter, pelvis, and kidney
uretero-pyelo-nephr-itis
inflammation of the kidney and its renal pelvis
pyelo-nephr-itis
inflammation of the interstitial tissue of the kidney
interstitial nephr-itis
condition marked by the presence of kidney stones
nephro-lith-iasis
abnormal distension of a ureters with urine or watery fluid
hydro-ureter
prolapse or herniation of a ureter
uretero-cele
herniation of the urethra
urethro-cele
narrowing of the lumen
stricture
stricture (narrowing) of the ureter or urethra
uretero-stenosis, urethro-stenosis
hardening of the nephron
nephro-stenosis
renal artery stenosis ( partial or complete blocking of one or both renal arteries) cause this condition
renal hypertension
blood clot in the renal vein
renal vein thrombosis
congenital defect in which urinary meatus is located below its usual location
hypo-spadias
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located above its usual location is
epi-spadias
enlargement of both kidneys is called
bilateral nephromegaly
disorders that affect the blood vessels of the kidneys are
renal-vascular disorders
distension of the renal pelvis with urine, resulting from an obstruction in the upper part of a ureter
hydro-nephrosis
distension of a ureter with urine or a watery fluid is
hydro-ureter
hernial prostrusion of the bladder into the vagina is a
cysto-cele
a nonmalignant, noninflammatory enlargement of the prostate is called benign prostatic h
hyper-plasia
this procedure is used when kidneys fail to remove waste products from the blood
kidney dialysis
process of diffusing blood thru a semipermeable membrane to remove toxic material from blood or kidney
kidney dialysis, hemodialysis
dialysis through peritonium
peritoneal dialysis
surgical excision of a kidney with the ureter
nephro-ureter-ectomy
removal of the kidney through several small incision in the abdominal wall
laparo-scopic nephr-ectomy
surgical excision of he bladder
cyst-ectomy
surgical connection of one ureter to another
trans-uretero-uretero-stomy
incision to remove calculus
litho-tomy
crushing of a calculus
lotho-tripsy
incision to remove kidney's stone
nephro-litho-tomy
surgical removal of a stone from the renal pelvis
pyelo-litho-tomy
surgical removal of a stone from ureter or bladder
uretero-litho-tomy, cysto-litho-tomy
use in treating strictures of the ureter
catheter dilation
surgical transplantation of the ureter to a different site on the bladder
uretero-cysto-neo-stomy
surgical repair of the renal pelvis
pyelo-plasty
surgical fixation of the kidney
nephro-pexy
this use to strengthen the pelvic muscles
kegel exercises
agent that causes the body to eliminate more water in the form of urine
diuretics
drug that prevent muscle spasm
anti-spasm-odics
instrument used to measure urine
urino-meter
(kidney) (to cut) ( a record)
nephro-tomo-gram
(kidney) (formation of a new opening)
nephro-stomy
(bladder) (visual examination)
cysto-scopy
terms means making radiographic images of the urinary system after the urine has been rendered opaque by a contrast medium (cystoscopy, cystoureteroscopy, intravenous pyelography, nephrotomography)
intravenous pyelography
this is not a type of urinary tract catherterization (endoscopy tube, nephrotomy tube, suprapubic tube, urethral tube)
endoscopy tube
descrive partial or complete blocking of a blood vessel (stenosis, thrombosis, sclerosis)
stenosis
any disease of the urinary tract
uropathy
inflammation of the renal glomeruli
glomerulo-nephr-itis
outside of the urinary bladder
extra-cystic
ADH
antidiuretic hormone
ARF
acute renal failure
BPH
benign prostatic hyperplasia
BUN
blood urea nitrogen
CRF
chronic renal failure
KUB
kidney, ureters, and bladder
TUR
transurethral resection
TURP
transurethral resection of the prostate
UA
urinarylysis