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9th Grade English Final: Grammar

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common noun
names any person, place, thing, or idea
proper noun
names a particular person, place, thing or idea
verb
expresses action or state of being
adjective
describes a noun
adverb
modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb
interjection
an exclamation
conjunction
a word that joins two phrases or sentences
article
a, an, the
prepositional phrase
a phrase beginning with a preposition
pronoun
takes the place of a noun
adjective phrase
a prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or pronoun
adverb phrase
a prepositional phrase that modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb
conjunctive adverb
modifies the verb in an independent clause and joins that clause to another independent clause; however
relative pronoun
a pronoun (as 'that' or 'which' or 'who') that introduces a relative clause referring to some antecedent
reflexive pronoun
usually refers to the subject of a sentence; examples: myself, yourself, himself, herself, ourselves, yourselves, and themselves
interrogative pronoun
pronoun that asks a question; examples: who, whom, whose, what, which
correlative conjunction
pairs of words that connect words, phrases or clauses. Examples: both...and, either....or, not only...but also.
subordinate conjunction
a conjunction (like 'since' or 'that' or 'who') that introduces a dependent clause
coordinating conjunction
connects word or word groups that have equal importance in a sentence (and, but , or, for, so, yet, nor)
appositive
a word or phrase that renames a nearby noun or pronoun
predicate nominative
a noun or pronoun that follows a linking verb and renames or identifies the subject