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common noun

names any person, place, thing, or idea

proper noun

names a particular person, place, thing or idea


expresses action or state of being


describes a noun


modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb


an exclamation


a word that joins two phrases or sentences


a, an, the

prepositional phrase

a phrase beginning with a preposition


takes the place of a noun

adjective phrase

a prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or pronoun

adverb phrase

a prepositional phrase that modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb

conjunctive adverb

modifies the verb in an independent clause and joins that clause to another independent clause; however

relative pronoun

a pronoun (as 'that' or 'which' or 'who') that introduces a relative clause referring to some antecedent

reflexive pronoun

usually refers to the subject of a sentence; examples: myself, yourself, himself, herself, ourselves, yourselves, and themselves

interrogative pronoun

pronoun that asks a question; examples: who, whom, whose, what, which

correlative conjunction

pairs of words that connect words, phrases or clauses. Examples: both...and, either....or, not only...but also.

subordinate conjunction

a conjunction (like 'since' or 'that' or 'who') that introduces a dependent clause

coordinating conjunction

connects word or word groups that have equal importance in a sentence (and, but , or, for, so, yet, nor)


a word or phrase that renames a nearby noun or pronoun

predicate nominative

a noun or pronoun that follows a linking verb and renames or identifies the subject

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