Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

On what date was gold discovered in California?

January 24, 1848

Where was gold discovered?

In the American River in Coloma

Who is credited with discovering gold?

James Marshall

What was Mr. Marshall's occupation?

He was a carpenter.

What are some of the properties of gold?

It is soft, easy to work with, and does not tarnish.

How is gold different from silver?

Gold is heavier, does not tarnish, and is more valuable.

Who was president when gold was discovered?

President James K. Polk

Why were gold miners called "49ers?"

Because they rushed to California in 1849.

What were the 3 main routes to get to California?

Overland, around Cape Horn, and across the Isthmus of Panama

What is the Strait of Magellan?

It is a dangerous short cut through Cape Horn.

What does terra del feugo mean?

Land of fire.

What are 3 methods of gold mining?

Panning, using a rocker or long tom, and hydraulic mining.

What is mining called that sinks deep shafts into the ground?

Coyote mining

Who was Levi Strauss?

A tailor who made heavy duty work pants for miners. We call them jeans.

What are 3 names of miners' camps?

Hangtown, Angel Camp, Rattlesnake Diggings, Git Up and Git, Old Dry Diggings.

What method of mining was banned because it was harmful to the environment?

Hydraulic mining

What was another nickname for a gold miner.


What happened to the Native American population as a result of the gold rush?

It decreased because they were either pushed off their land or killed.

What 3 things happened to California because of the gold rush?

The population increased, prices of goods increased, and California eventually became a state.

Who was John Sutter?

A businessman who employed James Marshall to build a sawmill.

What is the Spanish word for gold?


What was the fastest way to get to California during the gold rush?

To take the Isthmus of Panama route.

What did some Chinese men do to make money in the gold fields?

They planted vegetables and sold them to the miners.

After the gold rush what did the miners do?

Some stayed in California to start new businesses, some became farmers, others went back home.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording