U.S History Chapter 17 Imperialism

economic and political domination of a strong nation over other weaker nations
allows local leaders to stay in control
when powerful nations take over weaker nations
sphere of influence
powerful nation has a strong economic hold on a weaker nation
william seward
pushed for the purchase of alaska from russia: seaward's folly
commadore matthew perry
opens trade wtih japan
western sulture and christianity was viewed as superior to other cultures and religions
social darwinism
survival of the fittest nations; also gave us fellings of superiority
manifest destiny
americans believed we had a "fate" or "god-given right" to expand to the pacific ocean
why america became involved in imperialism
economic, nationalist and military reasons
economic reasons for imperialism
need for new markets and new resources
nationalist reasons for imperalism
competing with other western nations for colonies abroad and feared america was losing its power
military reasons for imperalism
u.s. built modern navy----needed basees for supplies
February 1898
explosion occured on Maine, sinking the ship and causin deaths of more than 250 american sailors
April 1898
Congress declared war
members of republican party pushed aressive nationalism
William howard taft
1st us civilian governor of phlipines
emilio aguinaldo
filipino revolutionary, ordered his troops to attack american soldiers stationed in phillipines
gen. Arthur MacArthur
forced to set up concentration camps resulting in thousands of filipins dying
Dr. william crawford gorgas
best known for his work in stopping the spread of yellow fever and malaria by stoping the mosquitos that spread it.
panama canal was started
theodore roosevelt
took office at age 42; nations youngest president;
Theodore roosevelt's term in office
william mckinly
was president in 1900 with theodore roosevelt as VP
John Hay
Secretary of State in 1900
panama canal was finished $23 million under budget
panama canal
links the atlantic ocean to the pacific ocean
puerto ricans were made citizens of us
the island of puerto rico was allowed to elect its own governor
types of imperialism
protectorates, colonization, sphere of influence
why imperialism grew
1.search for natural resources
2. Nationalism
3. Advances in military technology
4.humanitarian and religious goals
join a new territory to an existing one
Commodore Matthew Perry
convinced Japan to open trade relations with the U.S
situation between Britain and Venuezuela disputing over a territory of land in which the U.S used this method to intervene
arbitration (settlement of a dispute by a person or panel chosen to listen to both sides of and come to a decision
president involved in the spanish american war. hesitance for war lost him reelection
President McKinley
intense burst of national pride and aggressive foreign policy
factors leading to the spanish american war
De Lome letter (spanish ambassador criticism of president, explosion of the U.S.S, Maine, rejection of Mckinleys list of demands *authorized cuban independence (1898) latet that year signed treaty of Paris
stipulated that the cuban government could not enter any foreign agreements, must allow us to establish naval bases on island and give U.S the right to intervene when necessary
Platt ammendment
puerto rico unlike cuba did not gain independance but due to this act gained citizenship in 1917
jones act
annexed Hawaii
areas of economic and political control in China
spheres of influence
open door policy
allowance of U.S open to all chinas consumers
Roosevelt Corollary
1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine in which he asserted the right for the U.S to intervene in Latin Nations
advocated "Big Stick Democracy" and Roosevelt Corollary, aka being a huge peacemaker during his presidency, built panama canal
Theodore Roosevelt
elected to presidency in 1908, excercised dollar diplomacy which was increased investment in foreign economies
William Howard Taft
ended dollar diplomacy and implemented moral and legalistic standards, proposed League of Nations, tried to keep U.S out of WWI
President Woodrow Wilson
required military service