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economic and political domination of a strong nation over other weaker nations


allows local leaders to stay in control


when powerful nations take over weaker nations

sphere of influence

powerful nation has a strong economic hold on a weaker nation

william seward

pushed for the purchase of alaska from russia: seaward's folly

commadore matthew perry

opens trade wtih japan


western sulture and christianity was viewed as superior to other cultures and religions

social darwinism

survival of the fittest nations; also gave us fellings of superiority

manifest destiny

americans believed we had a "fate" or "god-given right" to expand to the pacific ocean

why america became involved in imperialism

economic, nationalist and military reasons

economic reasons for imperialism

need for new markets and new resources

nationalist reasons for imperalism

competing with other western nations for colonies abroad and feared america was losing its power

military reasons for imperalism

u.s. built modern navy----needed basees for supplies

February 1898

explosion occured on Maine, sinking the ship and causin deaths of more than 250 american sailors

April 1898

Congress declared war


members of republican party pushed aressive nationalism

William howard taft

1st us civilian governor of phlipines

emilio aguinaldo

filipino revolutionary, ordered his troops to attack american soldiers stationed in phillipines

gen. Arthur MacArthur

forced to set up concentration camps resulting in thousands of filipins dying

Dr. william crawford gorgas

best known for his work in stopping the spread of yellow fever and malaria by stoping the mosquitos that spread it.


panama canal was started

theodore roosevelt

took office at age 42; nations youngest president;


Theodore roosevelt's term in office

william mckinly

was president in 1900 with theodore roosevelt as VP

John Hay

Secretary of State in 1900


panama canal was finished $23 million under budget

panama canal

links the atlantic ocean to the pacific ocean


puerto ricans were made citizens of us


the island of puerto rico was allowed to elect its own governor

types of imperialism

protectorates, colonization, sphere of influence

why imperialism grew for natural resources
2. Nationalism
3. Advances in military technology
4.humanitarian and religious goals

join a new territory to an existing one


Commodore Matthew Perry

convinced Japan to open trade relations with the U.S

situation between Britain and Venuezuela disputing over a territory of land in which the U.S used this method to intervene

arbitration (settlement of a dispute by a person or panel chosen to listen to both sides of and come to a decision

president involved in the spanish american war. hesitance for war lost him reelection

President McKinley

intense burst of national pride and aggressive foreign policy


factors leading to the spanish american war

De Lome letter (spanish ambassador criticism of president, explosion of the U.S.S, Maine, rejection of Mckinleys list of demands *authorized cuban independence (1898) latet that year signed treaty of Paris

stipulated that the cuban government could not enter any foreign agreements, must allow us to establish naval bases on island and give U.S the right to intervene when necessary

Platt ammendment

puerto rico unlike cuba did not gain independance but due to this act gained citizenship in 1917

jones act

annexed Hawaii


areas of economic and political control in China

spheres of influence

open door policy

allowance of U.S open to all chinas consumers

Roosevelt Corollary

1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine in which he asserted the right for the U.S to intervene in Latin Nations

advocated "Big Stick Democracy" and Roosevelt Corollary, aka being a huge peacemaker during his presidency, built panama canal

Theodore Roosevelt

elected to presidency in 1908, excercised dollar diplomacy which was increased investment in foreign economies

William Howard Taft

ended dollar diplomacy and implemented moral and legalistic standards, proposed League of Nations, tried to keep U.S out of WWI

President Woodrow Wilson

required military service


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