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Terms in this set (39)
What are the three main areas of Bioengineering?
biological, agricultural, and biomedical engineering
What are the five fields of study in Bioengineering?
cell theory, evolution, genetics, homeostasis, energy
the study of cell structures.
the study of how organisms and species evolve from different organisms.
the study focused on the ways in which genes are used inside the cell structure.
is the ability of an organism to regulate itself in order to maintain a constant state.
focused on how organisms survive through processing sources of energy , such as food.
the ability to adapt to the environment naturally.
is the intentional selection of specific traits from one organism to put in another.
What are the two branches of biological engineering?
Genetics and Biomass
What are the two types of bioconversion?
Biochemical and thermochemical
the use of bacteria, microorganisms and enzymes to breakdown biomass into gaseous or liquid fuels.
the application of heat and chemical processes in the production of energy products from biomass.
What are the three types of Biochemical conversion?
Fermentation, anaerobic digestion, and composting
Microorganisms to decompose a biomass to create a liquid fuel alcohol.
Microorganisms to degrade biological material in an environment without oxygen.
Creating piles of biomass and allowing the natural organisms to break down the biological composition of material.
What are three types of Thermochemical conversion?
Combustion, pyrolosis, gasification
burning waste to create heat.
decomposing microorganisms to create charred materials such as charcoal with regulated heat and reduced oxygen.
is the process of turning biomass into carbon dioxide and hydrogen through a controlled amount of high temperatures and oxygen.
is a branch of biological engineering focused on crop an livestock production.
is a field that uses biological organisms and other biological tools to help humans and other species live.
the use of tools and resources to manipulate or model living organisms to meet human needs and wants.
are the structural and functional units of living things.
are the hereditary unit of living organisms that contain information about the traits from parents and give instruction to the rest of the cell on which traits to pass to the offspring.
the modification of the characteristics of an organism by manipulating its genetic material.
biological materials that are used as a source of energy to produce heat or electricity.
are chemicals sprayed by farmers to eliminate weeds that may damage a specific crop.
a farmer's production per acre.
is the transformation of raw ingredients, by physical or chemical means into food, or of food into other forms.
a device that injects the new gene into existing genetic makeup.
is the use of genetic engineering to create an an exact copy of a living organism.
work like natural antibodies in the body by finding the unwanted germ and attacking.
is a method used by forensic scientists to identify humans by their genetic makeup.
Computerized tomography (CT) scan
produces a 3-D image inside an object.
Magnetic resonance (MRI) scanner
views detailed images of the inner components of a human body.
is used to observe and give an image of the dense areas of the body, such as a bone.
bioengineering deals with sensitive issues: Life, Human growth, Environment, Economics.
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