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making colonies for goods and to create an empire ex. Britain and India, France and N. Africa
Battle of Tannenberg
Russia attacked Germany on Eastern front, German victory, but distracted Germany from advancing on Paris (WWI battle)
Battle of the Marne
Allies drove the Germans back, stalemate leads to beginning of trench warfare (WWI battle)
"over the top"
men were ordered through no man's land to attack opposite trench, faced barbed wire, machine guns, and almost certain death
Battle of Verdun
resulted in stalemate, hundreds of thousands of casualties for each side, no territorial gain for anyone (WWI battle)
Czar Nicholas II
Russian Czar during WWI; unpopular with Russian people; made bad military decisions, overthrown
advisor to Czarina Alexandra, self-proclaimed holy man and healer, corrupt and immoral
unrestricted submarine warfare
a German policy which stated that their U-boats would sink any ship in the British waters
secret telegram from German politician Arthur Zimmerman to Mexico, proposing war against US for return of Arizona, Texas, and New Mexico
2nd Battle of the Marne
Allied stop German offensive, shift in power to Allies, territory gain (WWI battle)
Woodrow Wilson's ideas for world peace, presented at Paris Peace Conference, wanted to reduce weapons, free choice of government, and League of Nations
represented France at Treaty of Versailles, wanted harsh punishment for Germany to weaken them beyond repair
David Lloyd George
represented GB at Treaty of Versailles, wanted to punish German without weakening, wanted to end communism
represented Italy at Treaty of Versailles, wanted more territory for Italy but ignored by other nations
Treaty of Versailles
peace treaty to end WWI, resulted in harsh punishment for Germany (reparations), created League of Nations (US and Germany were excluded)
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