How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Literary Terms for Poetry Unit

For Zarnas's English 9 Honors
STUDY
PLAY
Tone
Writer's attitude toward the material/reader
Rhythm
The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
Rhyme
The repetition of similar sounds at the end of lines and words
Rhyme Scheme
The pattern of rhymed line-endings arranged in a stanza
Meter
A rhythm of accented syllables organized into patterns
Verse
A line of poetry
Free verse
A verse that lacks rhythm or meter
Blank verse
Unrhymed iambic pentameter
Couplet
A pair of successive lines of verse
Quatrain
A stanza consisting of 4 lines
Setting
Time and place of any literary work
Speaker
The point of view in which the poem takes place
Iambic pentameter
10 syllables per line, accented every second beat. Often used in Shakespeare's work to express education and class
Satire
The use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices
Imagery
Adjectives and/or descriptions to help portray an image to the reader
Connotation
An association that comes along with a particular word
Denotation
The literal meaning of a word
Alliteration
The repetition of similar sounds at the beginning of words
Assonance
A pattern of similar vowel sounds
Consonance
A pattern of similar consonant sounds
Onomatopoeia
A word used to express a sound (ex. buzz, crack)
Conceit
Elaborate poetic comparison
Euphemism
A mild word or expression used to substitute for a harsh or blunt word
Hyperbole
An extreme exaggeration
Litotes
An understatement
Metaphor
A comparison of two unalike things
Simile
A comparison of two unalike things using the words like or as
Oxymoron
A figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction
Paradox
A statement or proposition that leads to a conclusion that seems senseless, logically unacceptable, or self-contradictory
Personification
A literary term for giving an object human characteristics or qualities
Symbol
Something that represents or stands for another
Synecdoche
A figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa