How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

163 terms

Science Final

Stupid science stuff just like we learned all year but all clumped into one Quizlet! Funn! Not! Btw, none of the comments are meant to be offensive... or maybe they are.
STUDY
PLAY
True
True or False: Luster is a test to identify a mineral.
True
True or False: Fracture is a test to identify a mineral.
True
True or False: Streak is a test to identify a mineral.
True
True or False: Hardness is a test to identify a mineral.
True
True or False: Density is a test to identify a mineral.
True
True or False: Cleavage is a test to identify a mineral.
False (though true is also an acceptable answer)
True or False: Smashing it into Mr. Gunby's head is a test to identify a mineral.
False (You could tell by smell but you're really supposed to waft it.)
True or False: Smell is a test to identify a mineral.
False (I mean, you could, but depending on what you ate, you might not be around to finish the taste test)
True or False: Eating is a test to identify a mineral.
False (though it would be nice...)
True or False: Burning on a pile of science textbooks is a test to identify a mineral.
True (that's the mineral's luster)
True or False: Observing how it reflects light is a test to identify a mineral.
True
True or False: Observing how it reacts to chemicals is a test to identify a mineral.
Crystalline Structure
The ___________ ___________ of a mineral is the way the atoms are arranged and it determines the outward shape of the mineral.
True
True or False: All minerals are natural.
True
True or False: All minerals are inorganic.
True
True or False: All minerals have a crystalline structure.
True
True or False: All minerals are solid.
False
True or False: All minerals are shiny.
False
True or False: All minerals were once living.
False
True or False: All minerals are not solid.
False
True or False: All minerals are rocks.
Igneous (Rock)
Melting and cooling have to do with the formation of which kind of rock?
Sedimentary (Rock)
Compaction and cementing have to do with the formation of which kind of rock?
Metamorphic (Rock)
Heat and pressure have to do with the formation of which kind of rock?
Igneous (Rock)
Granite is an example of which kind of rock?
Sedimentary (Rock)
Sandstone is an example of which kind of rock?
Metamorphic (Rock)
Marble is an example of which kind of rock?
Coarse
When magma cools slowly, (coarse/fine)-grained rock is formed.
Fine
When magma cools quickly, (coarse/fine)-grained rock is formed.
True
True or False: Each kind of rock can turn into the others depending on conditions.
Aftershocks
(Earthquakes/Aftershocks) are transverse waves.
Earthquakes
(Earthquakes/Aftershocks) are longitudinal waves.
Aftershocks
(Earthquakes/Aftershocks) are S-waves.
Earthquakes
(Earthquakes/Aftershocks) are P-waves.
Focus
The exact point (inside the earth) where the earthquake begins.
Epicenter
The point on the earth's surface directly above the place where the earthquake begins.
10 (times)
How many times greater is the amplitude of an earthquake with a magnitude of 5 on the Richter scale, compared to one with a magnitude of 6?
100 (times)
How many times greater is the amplitude of an earthquake with a magnitude of 3 on the Richter scale, compared to one with a magnitude of 5?
Magnitude
The Richter scale measures the _____________ of an earthquake.
32 (times)
How many times greater is the amount of energy released in an earthquake with a magnitude of 3 on the Richter scale, compared to one with a magnitude of 4?
True
True or False: Convergent is a type of boundary.
True
True or False: Divergent is a type of boundary.
True
True or False: Transform is a type of boundary.
False
True or False: Bivergent is a type of boundary.
False
True or False: Retransform is a type of boundary.
Collide
Convergent boundaries are when plates __________.
Separate
Divergent boundaries are when plates __________.
Pass
Transform boundaries are when plates __________.
Mountain(s)
When two continental plates collide, what is formed?
Volcanic Mountain(s)
When an oceanic and a continental plate collide, what is formed?
Volcanic Island(s), Ocean Trench(es)
When two oceanic plates collide, what is formed?
P-Wave
This is the primary wave in an earthquake. It is longitudinal and travels faster than the secondary wave.
S-Wave
This is the secondary wave in an earthquake. It is transverse and travels slower than the primary wave.
True
True or False: Mountains can be formed by convergent continental plates.
True (volcanic mountain)
True or False: Mountains can be formed by convergent oceanic and continental plates.
True (volcanic mountain)
True or False: Mountains can be formed by hotspots.
False (But I mean, who knows. Maybe they could)
True or False: Mountains can be formed by elephants.
False (though both have roots!)
True or False: Mountains can be formed by trees.
False (that forms trenches)
True or False: Mountains can be formed by convergent oceanic plates.
Basalt
What type of rock makes up the ocean floor?
False
True or False: Basalt is coarse-grained.
1
Step (?) of 3 in the formation of a volcano when plates collide: Magma forms from the oceanic crust melting in the process of subduction.
2
Step (?) of 3 in the formation of a volcano when plates collide: The magma then rises because it is less dense than the rock around it.
3
Step (?) of 3 in the formation of a volcano when plates collide: The magma burst out and cools to form a volcano.
Shield
_________ volcanoes have lava with a low viscosity (runny) and will be short and wide.
Composite
__________ volcanoes have very viscous lava (thick). They are tall and pointy and have eruptions of cinder or ash and lava.
Cinder Cone
_________ _______ volcanoes are loose cinder surrounding a vent. They don't get very tall.
Caldera
When land collapses into the magma chamber after a volcanic eruption, a _________ is formed.
A
Volcanoes with low viscosity lava will be A. short and wide, B. tall and pointy.
B
Volcanoes with high viscosity lava will be A. short and wide, B. tall and pointy.
False
True or False: it is just a myth that the continents were once connected.
Plate Tectonics
The idea that the continents move is based off of what?
Pangaea (Mr. Gunby spelled it Pangea. He's wrong. But would he admit it? Nooooooo.)
What is the name of the super continent that existed when all the current continents were one?
True
True or False: the continents look like if they were slid and rotated that they could fit together like a jigsaw puzzle.
moves in relation to a (stationary) reference point.
An object is in motion if it:
(Average) Speed
Distance traveled/time it took to travel that distance is the formula for what?
Direction
Velocity is like speed except it also has a _________.
Motion
A distance / time graph is used to graph what?
Acceleration
A distance - time graph or speed - time graph can be used to graph what?
Velocity
Acceleration is a change in __________.
Force
A ________ is a push or pull.
Greater (Force)
If two unequal forces are acting on an object, the object will move in the direction of the _________ force.
Friction
A resistance that forms between two objects when they are rubbed together.
True
True or False: the force two objects exert on one another affect the friction between them.
True
True or False: the roughness of the materials of the objects affects the friction between them.
False
True or False: the color of the objects affects the friction between them.
Mass(es) (and) distance
Gravitational force is affected by the objects' _________ and the __________ between them.
1
This is Newton's (#) Law: An object at rest will stay at rest unless an outside force is exerted on it. An object in motion will stay in motion unless an outside force is exerted on it.
2
This is Newton's (#) Law: Force, mass and acceleration are related by the formula F = MA.
3
This is Newton's (#) Law: Every action has an equal and opposite reaction.
Momentum (p=mv)
Mass • Velocity, or mv, it used to find what ????
9.8 m/s/s
When a student pushes Mr. Gunby out of an airplane without a parachute, he will accelerate at a rate of?
Centripetal
_______________ force is the force that keeps an object constantly falling and constantly changing direction as it orbits around earth.
Work
A force causes an object to move a distance. _____ is being done.
Work
Joules are the unit for ????
Direction, Distance, Force
What three factors do machines change to make work easier?
Mechanical Advantage
Output Work / Input Work is the formula for what?
Efficiency
(Output Work / Input Work) • 100 is the formula for what ????
Length of Ramp / Height of Ramp
Formula for MA of an inclined plane.
Length of Wedge / Width of Wedge
Formula for MA of a wedge.
Length Around Thread / Length of Screw
Formula for the MA of a screw.
1(st)
Which class of lever changes the direction of the input force and increases either force or distance. Its MA depends on the position of the fulcrum.
2(nd)
Which class of lever increases force but does not change the direction of the input force? The MA is always greater than 1.
3(rd)
Which class of lever increases distance but does not change the direction of the input force. Its MA is always less than 1.
1
MA of a fixed pulley:
2
MA of a movable pulley:
3
MA of a block and tackle:
Radius of Wheel / Radius of Axle
MA of a wheel and axle is found by:
True
True or False: you can find the IMA of a compound machine by dividing the final output by the initial input.
True
True or False: you can find the IMA of a compound machine by multiplying all of the IMA's of each simple machine in it together.
False
True or False: you can find the IMA of a compound machine dividing the initial IMA by the final IMA.
Potential Energy
Energy form based on what the object could do. The object is not moving.
Kinetic Energy
Energy based on an object's motion. Object is moving.
True
True or False: Nuclear Energy is a form of energy
True
True or False: Chemical Energy is a form of energy.
True
True or False: Thermal Energy is a form of energy.
True
True or False: Electrical Energy is a form of energy.
True
True or False: Electromagnetic energy is a form of energy.
True
True or False: Mechanical Energy is a form of energy.
False
True or False: Optic Energy is a form of energy.
False (well technically false but I'd take true on this one too)
True or False: Frauwinslowthehypergermanteacher Energy is a form of energy.
False
True or False: Scent Energy is a form of energy.
(The) Law of Conservation of Energy
This states that energy can neither be created nor destroyed.
Static Electricity
The build up of electrons on an object.
Static Discharge
The loss of static electricity as charges transfer from one object to another.
Conductors
(Conductors/Insulators) have freely flowing electrons.
Conductors
(Conductors/Insulators) tend to be metals, such as copper.
Insulator
Rubber is an example of a (Conductor/Insulator)
Series
If one bulb goes out in a (series/parallel) circuit, they all go out.
Series
There is only one path for the current to follow in a (series/parallel) circuit.
Series
In a (series/parallel) circuit, when more bulbs are added, they get dimmer.
Series
When more bulbs are added in a (series/parallel) circuit, the current decreases.
Parallel
In a (series/parallel) circuit, when more bulbs are added, the resistance decreases.
Parallel
In a (series/parallel) circuit, when you take one bulb out, the others stay lit.
Parallel
In a (series/parallel) circuit, there are multiple paths for the current to take.
A
Charges flow because of:
A. Differences in electric potential energy
B. Similar Voltages
C. Resistance
Least
Current takes the path of (least/greatest/either least or greatest) resistance
Contain, Attract
Magnets ______ iron and _______ iron.
False
True or False: Like poles on magnets attract.
True
True or False: Opposite poles on magnets attract.
At its poles
Where is a magnet the strongest?
Magnetic Field
The area where a magnet exerts its force is called a????
Electrical (into) Mechanical
A generator turns mechanical energy into electrical energy. An electric motor turns ____________ energy into ____________ energy
Changes Direction
Direct Current goes in one direction. (ONE DIRECTION!!!!) Alternating current ??????
(the) Doppler Effect
What is it called when the pitch you hear changes because of your position in relation to the source of the sound?
Higher
In front of a moving source of sound, the frequency would be (higher/lower).
Lower
Behind a moving source of sound, the frequency would be (higher/lower).
Frequency, Amplitude
The ___________ of a wave affects its pitch. The _________ affects its loudness.
More
The closer you are to a sound, the (more/less) intense it is.
Louder
The more intense a sound is, the (louder/quieter) it sounds.
Diffuse, Regular (It can be a diffuse or regular reflection. If it is diffuse, the light will reflect in all directions because the surface is rough. If it is regular, it will reflect with precise angles because the surface is smooth.)
List the two ways light can be reflected
(A) Virtual Image (It is upright and the same size as the original but left and right are reversed)
Plane mirrors are flat. What kind of image do they create?
False (the opposite)
A concave mirror can produce either a real or virtual image. True or False: If the object is past the focal point, a virtual image will be formed. If it is between the focal point and the mirror, a real image will be formed.
virtual, smaller
A convex mirror produces a (real/virtual) image that is always (smaller/larger) than the original object.
Enters a new medium. (This is because of a change in speed)
Refraction occurs when a ray of light ???
Rod(s)
Seeing An Image: What part of your eye contains pigment that helps you see in dim light?
Retina
Seeing An Image: When light enters your cornea, an up-side down image is produced on your ????
Cone(s)
Seeing An Image: ________ work best in bright light to help you see an image. They detect color.
Cones (and) Rods
Seeing An Image: _________ and __________ work together to turn the image on your retina into signals to send to your brain.
Ridge(s)
What is formed when oceanic - oceanic plates diverge (separate)?
Surface Waves
What waves move even slower than P-Waves and S-Waves?
Volcanic Ash
Exploding pumice forms...
Distance From Fulcrum to Input Force / Distance From Fulcrum to Output Force
How do you calculate the MA of a lever?