21 terms

SS Ch 14

This set is on the Industrial Revolution.
Judicial review
The supreme court has the last say in interpreting the constitution.
Monroe Doctrine
A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere.
American System
Created by Henry Clay - protective tariff, strong national bank and a network of roads and canals.
National Road
First national road building project funded by Congress. It made travel and transportation of goods much easier because it was one continuous road that was in good condition.
Erie Canal
waterway that ran from Albany to Buffalo, New York
Noah Webster
American writer who wrote textbooks to help the advancement of education. He also wrote a dictionary which helped standardize the American language.
John Marshall
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court appointed by John Adams
John C. Calhoun
Andrew Jackson's Vice President
Henry Clay
United States politician responsible for the Missouri Compromise between free and slave states.
Industrial Revolution
Change in technology, brought about by improvements in machinery and by use of steam power.
Using interchangeable parts.
Samuel Slater
He memorized the way that the British made machines and he brought the idea to America. He made our first cotton spinning machine.
Francis Cabot Lowell
Visited England and returned to the US to open a mill in Mass. That brought spining and weaving in one building in a town named after him
Robert Fulton
American inventor who designed the first commercially successful steamboat and the first steam warship.
Henry Miller Shreve
a river captain and steamboat builder who helped clear the Red River so people could travel easier.
This was the original name for Lowell, Massachusetts along the Merrimack River. Renamed Lowell in honor of who built the first factory system at this town.
Soil Exhaustion
is when the soil has lost nutrients needed by the plant.
cotton gin
a machine that separates the seeds from raw cotton fibers.
Eli Whitney
United States inventor of the mechanical cotton gin.
Nat Turner
United States slave and insurrectionist who in 1831 led a rebellion of slaves in Virginia.
New Orleans
Where about 450 slaves gathered together after a plantation revolt.