Extended HPI (4+) Complete ROS (10+ organ systems) Complete PFSH. (2-3 elements depending on service)
How many elements are required to qualify for a given level of History?
3 of 3. (Lowest level is the level choice.)
4 Examination Levels
Problem focused Expanded problem focused Detailed Comprehensive
Problem Focused Exam (1997)
Exam level with 1-5 bullets
Expanded Problem Focused Exam (1997)
Exam level with 6+ bullets
Detailed Exam (1997)
Exam level with 9+ bullets (eye specific)
Comprehensive Exam (1997)
Exam level with all 14 bullets
3 Elements of Medical Decision Making Complexity
Number of Problems Amount of Data Risk
4 Levels of Medical Decision Making
Straightforward Low Moderate High
MDM Level with Minimal dx/mgt options (1 problem point) Minimal/no data (1 data point) Minimal risk
MDM Level with limited dx/mgt options (2 problem points) limited data (2 data points) low risk
MDM Level with multiple dx/mgt options (3 problem points) moderate data (3 data points) moderate risk
MDM Level with extensive dx/mgt options (4+ problem points) extensive data (4+ data points) high risk
What type of problem as the highest number of MDM points?
new problem, additional followup planned
Do you get multiple points if labs or xrays are ordered and/or reviewed?
No. One data point regardless of number of tests.
Do you get multiple points if labs are ordered AND reviewed?
Yes. One point for an ordered test, one point for a reviewed test.
How many elements are required to qualify for a given level of medical decision making?
2 of 3 (Majority is the choice.)
One of 3 Contributing Factors Discussion of diagnosis, test results, impressions, and/or recommendations, prognosis, treatment options, follow-up, etc.
Coordination of Care
One of 3 Contributing Factors For example, arranging admission to rehabilitation hospitals and nursing facilities.
Nature of the Presenting Problem
One of 3 Contributing Factors Severity of Chief Complaint
Name the two types of time that a physician spends in the care of the patient
1. Direct/face to face 2. Unit/floor time
What are the two instances that time is considered for E/M services?
1. Time based codes (eg. Hospital D/C) 2. When 50% or more of time is spent in counseling/coordinating care.
How many key components must be present to code a given level of Office/Other Outpatient Services, New Patient?
3 of 3
How many key components must be present to code a given level of Office/Other Outpatient Services, Established Patient?
2 of 3
If a patient was seen in the office by his physician on Monday and during the appointment the physician decided to admit the patient to the Observation Unit of the local hospital, would you code both the office service and the observation service?
No. Services immediately prior to admission are bundled into the observation service and therefore not coded separately.
The physician who admits the patient and is responsible for the patient during the stay in the inpatient facility.
A physician whose opinion and advice is requested by another physician, but does not take responsibility for the patient.
The care given to the patient by more than one physician at the same time. For example, a pulmonologist and a cardiologist both treating the patient for different conditions at the same time.
Give two examples of physicians who can admit patients to a hospital
1. PCP 2. Hospitalist
Hospital-based physician who only sees patients in the hospital and assumes the responsibility of the PCP for hospitalized patients.
Can Critical care and other E/M servcies may be provided to the same pt on the same day by the same physician?
True or False: Services for a pt who is not critically ill but is in a critical care unit are reported using Critical Care codes.
False. Use other appropriate E/M codes.
What is the determining factor in assigning a level of Critical Care Service?
Time per day Subtract non-critical service time If less than 30 minutes, use other E/M code
True or False: Many Critical Care codes have other services bundled into the code.
What modifier is used, per payer request, when reporting non-bundled services into the Critical Care codes
Not a hospital, but has inpatient beds and professional health care staff. Lowest level of nursing facility
Skilled Nursing Facility (SNF)
Staffed with physicians/nurses. Patients require more care than in standard nursing facility.
True or False: Prolonged service of less than 30 minutes total duration on a given date is not separately reported.
True. The work involved is included in the total work of the E/M code.
Three subheadings under the Prolonged Services subsection.
1. Prolonged Physician Service With Direct Patient Contact 2. Prolonged Physician Service Without Direct Patient Contact 3. Physician Standby Services
True or False: While reporting standby services for a patient, a physician may provide care/services to other patients.
Standby service may be coded for time spent by a physician proctoring another physician.
The codes within this subsection are used to report physician supervision of a patient under the care of a home health agency in a home, domiciliary, or equivalent environment and supervision of care for patients in a hospice or nursing facility.
Care Plan Oversight Services
The codes within this subsection are used to report services when the patient is not currently ill but receives services.
Preventive Medicine Services
This subsection is used to report coordination of care with other health professionals or in warfarin therapy management and coordination of care with other health care professionals
Case Management Services
Codes from this subsection are for care provided in the patient's home.
This subsection is used by non-hospital settings with a professional staff that provides continuous health care services to patients who are not acutely ill.
Nursing Facility Services
Codes from this subsection are used to report the length of time the physician spends providing care to a critically ill patient.
Critical Care Services
Codes from this subsection are used by a hospital-based departments that are open 24 hours a day. They are often combined with Critical Care Services.
Emergency Department Services
Codes from this subsection are used when one physician asks another physician for an opinion about a patient
Initial hospital care, Subsequent hospital care, and Discharge services are all types of what E/M Service?
Hospital Inpatient Services.
If the physician thinks the patient is not ill enough to be formally admitted but still needs to be observed, this code subsection will be used.
Hospital Observation Services.
This subsection of codes could be the physician's office or other ambulatory facility, such as the outpatient surgery center at a hospital. These codes cannot be used once the patient has been admitted to a health care facility.
Office and Other Outpatient Services
This type of Preventive Medicine Services code is used when a patient is seen specifically to promote health, for example a diet/exercise program.
Counseling Risk Factor Reduction and Behavior Change Intervention.
True or False: If a significant problem is encountered during a preventive examination, additional E/M codes are used to report further services
Coding Preventive Medicine Services is largely based on what factor?
Age of the patient.
The 2 types of Non-Face-To-Face Physician Services
1. Telephone Services 2. On-line Medical Evaluation
Codes from this subheading cannot originate from an E/M service that was provided within the previous seven days and cannot lead to an E/M service within the next 24 hours or the next available appointment. The services are reported based on the time documented in the medical record.
Non-Face-To-Face Physician Services
Use codes from this subheading to report evaluation and management services provided to a normal newborn infant. These services may be provided in a hospital or in a birthing center. The services are reported on a per day basis of initial or subsequent service.
Newborn Care Services
Inpatient neonatal and pediatric critical care codes are based on what factor?
The age of the patient. Neonate = 28 days or younger. Pediatric = 29 days through 24 months or 2-5 years.
What subsection is used when a neonate or infant is not considered critically ill but still needs intensive observation?
Initial and Continuing Intensive Care Services
Very Low Birth Weight (less than 1500 grams)
Low Birth Weight (1500-2500 grams)
This subsection has one code, 99499, that is used to indicate that there is no other code that accurately represents the services provided to the patient.
Other Evaluation and Management Services
What must always accompany an unlisted E/M service code?
A patient comes into your physician's office for a physical examination for a life insurance policy. What group of codes would you use to report this service?
Special evaluation and management services
Which government group is responsible for the Medicare program?
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
The Documentation Guidelines apply only to this group of codes.
What are the three years that Documentation Guidelines were published?
1995 1997 2000
E/M services represent which percent of all services provided to Medicare and Medicaid patients?