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104 terms

Ch 15 E/M Services

2012 Buck Step by Step Medical Coding Ch 15
STUDY
PLAY
2 Examples of Place of Service
Office
Hospital
ED
Nursing Home
4 Examples of Type of Service
Consultation
Admission
Newborn Care
Office Visit
4 Examples of Patient Status
New/Established
Outpatient/Inpatient
New Patient
Patient who has not received professional services from physician or another physician of same specialty/subspecialty in same group within past 3 years
Inpatient
Patient who has been formally admitted to health care facility.
3 Key Components to E/M Level of Service
History
Examination
Medical Decision Making Complexity
4 Contributory Factors to E/M Level of Service
Counseling
Coordination of Care
Nature of Presenting Problem
Time
4 Elements of History
Chief Complaint
History of Presenting Illness
Review of Symptoms
Past/Family/Social History
CC
Chief Complaint abbreviation
ROS
Review of Symptoms abbreviation
HPI
History of Present Illness abbreviation
PFSH
Past/Family/Social History abbreviation
Chief Complaint
Patient's statement describing symptoms, problems, or conditions as the reason for seeking health care services from a physician.
History of Present Illness
description of current problem, includes location, quality, severity, duration, timing, context, modifying factors, and associated signs and symptoms
Context
Under what circumstances a symptom occurs
Modifying Factors
What circumstances make symptom better or worse
Associated Signs and Symptoms
What other symptoms occur when main symptom occurs
Review of Symptoms
An inventory of body systems obtained through a series of questions in which the patient reports signs or symptoms they are currently having or has had in past
Constitutional Symptoms
Usual weight, weight changes, fever, weakness, fatigue
Cardiovascular Symptoms
Chest pain
rheumatic fever
tachycardia
palpitation
high blood pressure
edema
vertigo
faintness
varicose veins
thrombophlebitis
Respiratory Symptoms
Chest Pain
wheezing
cough
dyspnea
sputum (color and quantity)
hemoptysis
asthma
bronchitis
emphysema
pneumonia
tuberculosis
pleurisy
last chest xray
shortness of breath
Gastrointestinal Symptoms
appetite
thirst
nausea
vomiting
hematemesis
rectal bleeding
change in bowel habits
diarrhea
constipation
indigestion
food intolerance
flatus
hemorrhoids
jaundice
Musculoskeletal symptoms
joint pain/stiffness
arthritis
gout
backache
muscle pain
cramps
swelling
redness
limitation in motor activity
Integumentary symptoms
rashes
eruptions
dryness
cyanosis
jaundice
changes in skin/hair/nails
breast lumps/dimpling/discharge
Neurological Symptoms
faintness
blackouts
seizures
paralysis
tingling
tremors
memory loss
Endocrine Symptoms
thyroid trouble
heat/cold intolerance
excessive sweating/thirst/hunger/urination
blood sugar levels
Hematologic/Lymphatic Symptoms
Anemia
easy bruising/bleeding
past transfusions
Past History
Pt's past experience with illness/operations/injuries/treatments
Social History
Age-appropriate review of past/current activities including:
employment/occupational history
marital status/sexual history
use of drugs/alcohol/tobacco
education level
Family History
health status/cause of death of parents/siblings/children
Specific diseases related to CC, HPI, or ROS
hereditary diseases of family members
4 History Levels
Problem focused
Expanded problem focused
Detailed
Comprehensive
Problem Focused History
Brief HPI (1-3)
ROS- none
PFSH- none
Expanded Problem Focused History
Brief HPI (1-3)
Problem pertinent ROS (1 organ system)
PFSH - none.
Detailed History
Extended HPI (4+)
Extended ROS (2-9 organ systems)
Pertinent PFSH (1+)
Comprehensive History
Extended HPI (4+)
Complete ROS (10+ organ systems)
Complete PFSH. (2-3 elements depending on service)
How many elements are required to qualify for a given level of History?
3 of 3. (Lowest level is the level choice.)
4 Examination Levels
Problem focused
Expanded problem focused
Detailed
Comprehensive
Problem Focused Exam
(1997)
Exam level with 1-5 bullets
Expanded Problem Focused Exam (1997)
Exam level with 6+ bullets
Detailed Exam (1997)
Exam level with 9+ bullets (eye specific)
Comprehensive Exam (1997)
Exam level with all 14 bullets
3 Elements of Medical Decision Making Complexity
Number of Problems
Amount of Data
Risk
4 Levels of Medical Decision Making
Straightforward
Low
Moderate
High
Straightforward
MDM Level with
Minimal dx/mgt options (1 problem point)
Minimal/no data (1 data point)
Minimal risk
Low-complexity
MDM Level with
limited dx/mgt options (2 problem points)
limited data (2 data points)
low risk
Moderate-complexity
MDM Level with
multiple dx/mgt options (3 problem points)
moderate data (3 data points)
moderate risk
High-complexity
MDM Level with
extensive dx/mgt options (4+ problem points)
extensive data (4+ data points)
high risk
What type of problem as the highest number of MDM points?
new problem, additional followup planned
Do you get multiple points if labs or xrays are ordered and/or reviewed?
No. One data point regardless of number of tests.
Do you get multiple points if labs are ordered AND reviewed?
Yes. One point for an ordered test, one point for a reviewed test.
How many elements are required to qualify for a given level of medical decision making?
2 of 3 (Majority is the choice.)
Counseling
One of 3 Contributing Factors
Discussion of diagnosis, test results, impressions, and/or recommendations, prognosis, treatment options, follow-up, etc.
Coordination of Care
One of 3 Contributing Factors
For example, arranging admission to rehabilitation hospitals and nursing facilities.
Nature of the Presenting Problem
One of 3 Contributing Factors
Severity of Chief Complaint
Name the two types of time that a physician spends in the care of the patient
1. Direct/face to face
2. Unit/floor time
What are the two instances that time is considered for E/M services?
1. Time based codes (eg. Hospital D/C)
2. When 50% or more of time is spent in counseling/coordinating care.
How many key components must be present to code a given level of Office/Other Outpatient Services, New Patient?
3 of 3
How many key components must be present to code a given level of Office/Other Outpatient Services, Established Patient?
2 of 3
If a patient was seen in the office by his physician on Monday and during the appointment the physician decided to admit the patient to the Observation Unit of the local hospital, would you code both the office service and the observation service?
No. Services immediately prior to admission are bundled into the observation service and therefore not coded separately.
attending physician
The physician who admits the patient and is responsible for the patient during the stay in the inpatient facility.
consultant
A physician whose opinion and advice is requested by another physician, but does not take responsibility for the patient.
concurrent care
The care given to the patient by more than one physician at the same time. For example, a pulmonologist and a cardiologist both treating the patient for different conditions at the same time.
Give two examples of physicians who can admit patients to a hospital
1. PCP
2. Hospitalist
Hospitalist
Hospital-based physician who only sees patients in the hospital and assumes the responsibility of the PCP for hospitalized patients.
Can Critical care and other E/M servcies may be provided to the same pt on the same day by the same physician?
Yes.
True or False: Services for a pt who is not critically ill but is in a critical care unit are reported using Critical Care codes.
False. Use other appropriate E/M codes.
What is the determining factor in assigning a level of Critical Care Service?
Time per day
Subtract non-critical service time
If less than 30 minutes, use other E/M code
True or False: Many Critical Care codes have other services bundled into the code.
True.
What modifier is used, per payer request, when reporting non-bundled services into the Critical Care codes
-25
Nursing Facility
Not a hospital, but has inpatient beds and professional health care staff. Lowest level of nursing facility
Skilled Nursing Facility (SNF)
Staffed with physicians/nurses. Patients require more care than in standard nursing facility.
True or False: Prolonged service of less than 30 minutes total duration on a given date is not separately reported.
True. The work involved is included in the total work of the E/M code.
Three subheadings under the Prolonged Services subsection.
1. Prolonged Physician Service With Direct Patient Contact
2. Prolonged Physician Service Without Direct Patient Contact
3. Physician Standby Services
True or False: While reporting standby services for a patient, a physician may provide care/services to other patients.
False.
Standby service may be coded for time spent by a physician proctoring another physician.
False.
The codes within this subsection are used to report physician supervision of a patient under the care of a home health agency in a home, domiciliary, or equivalent environment and supervision of care for patients in a hospice or nursing facility.
Care Plan Oversight Services
The codes within this subsection are used to report services when the patient is not currently ill but receives services.
Preventive Medicine Services
This subsection is used to report coordination of care with other health professionals or in warfarin therapy management and coordination of care with other health care professionals
Case Management Services
Codes from this subsection are for care provided in the patient's home.
Home Services
This subsection is used by non-hospital settings with a professional staff that provides continuous health care services to patients who are not acutely ill.
Nursing Facility Services
Codes from this subsection are used to report the length of time the physician spends providing care to a critically ill patient.
Critical Care Services
Codes from this subsection are used by a hospital-based departments that are open 24 hours a day. They are often combined with Critical Care Services.
Emergency Department Services
Codes from this subsection are used when one physician asks another physician for an opinion about a patient
Consultation Services
Initial hospital care, Subsequent hospital care, and
Discharge services are all types of what E/M Service?
Hospital Inpatient Services.
If the physician thinks the patient is not ill enough to be formally admitted but still needs to be observed, this code subsection will be used.
Hospital Observation Services.
This subsection of codes could be the physician's office or other ambulatory facility, such as the outpatient surgery center at a hospital. These codes cannot be used once the patient has been admitted to a health care facility.
Office and Other Outpatient Services
This type of Preventive Medicine Services code is used when a patient is seen specifically to promote health, for example a diet/exercise program.
Counseling Risk Factor Reduction and Behavior Change Intervention.
True or False: If a significant problem is encountered during a preventive examination, additional E/M codes are used to report further services
True.
Coding Preventive Medicine Services is largely based on what factor?
Age of the patient.
The 2 types of Non-Face-To-Face Physician Services
1. Telephone Services
2. On-line Medical Evaluation
Codes from this subheading cannot originate from an E/M service that was provided within the previous seven days and cannot lead to an E/M service within the next 24 hours or the next available appointment. The services are reported based on the time documented in the medical record.
Non-Face-To-Face Physician Services
Use codes from this subheading to report evaluation and management services provided to a normal newborn infant. These services may be provided in a hospital or in a birthing center. The services are reported on a per day basis of initial or subsequent service.
Newborn Care Services
Inpatient neonatal and pediatric critical care codes are based on what factor?
The age of the patient. Neonate = 28 days or younger. Pediatric = 29 days through 24 months or 2-5 years.
What subsection is used when a neonate or infant is not considered critically ill but still needs intensive observation?
Initial and Continuing Intensive Care Services
VLBW
Very Low Birth Weight (less than 1500 grams)
LBW
Low Birth Weight (1500-2500 grams)
This subsection has one code, 99499, that is used to indicate that there is no other code that accurately represents the services provided to the patient.
Other Evaluation and Management Services
What must always accompany an unlisted E/M service code?
Special report
A patient comes into your physician's office for a physical examination for a life insurance policy. What group of codes would you use to report this service?
Special evaluation and management services
Which government group is responsible for the Medicare program?
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
The Documentation Guidelines apply only to this group of codes.
E/M Codes
What are the three years that Documentation Guidelines were published?
1995
1997
2000
E/M services represent which percent of all services provided to Medicare and Medicaid patients?
50%
CMS stands for
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services